Showing 1134 results

Subjects
Subjects term Scope note Archival description count People and Organisations count
Government of National Unity
  • The government of South Africa between 27 April 1994 and 3 February 1997 under the leadership of the ANC and according to the terms of clause 88 (2) of the interim constitution of South Africa, which required that any party holding twenty or more seats in the National Assembly could claim one or more cabinet portfolios and enter the government. The National Party and the IFP obtained cabinet positions for their leaders and MPs. F. W. de Klerk took his National Party out of the GNU on 3 June 1996, citing the exclusion of joint decision-making from the final constitution, and the National Party’s lack of influence on government policy.
9 0
Harare Declaration
  • In 1989, as conditions for negotiations ripened, the ANC formulated proposals s for a political settlement and for negotiations aimed at resolving the conflict. Adopted in turn by the Front-Line States; the Organisation of Africa Unity and finally the United Nations.
1 0
Ingonyama Trust Act
  • Established by the apartheid parliament on the eve of the 1994 elections, the Trust manages land in the areas of the former KwaZulu bantustan, constituting almost a third of KwaZulu-Natal province. Its mandate is to hold land for ‘the benefit of the members of the tribes and communities’ living on the land. Aspects of its administration have proved controversial, including actions seen as diminishing the rights of people occupying land
0 0
Non-aligned movement 2 0
Parliament
  • After the 1994 election and during the period the country lived under an Interim constitution, Parliament consisted of the National Assembly and a Senate which was replaced in 1997 by the National Council of Provinces when the new constitution was introduced.
11 0
Ready to Govern, 1992
  • At its National Conference in May 1992, as the first democratic election approached, the ANC debated and adopted a document setting out policy perspectives ‘Ready to govern: ANC policy guidelines for a democratic South Africa’
0 0
Record of Understanding 1 0
Renamo
  • Formed in 1976 as an anti-Communist rebel group in Mozambique, it fought the ruling Frelimo with the backing of the neighbouring white-minority regimes of colonial Rhodesia and apartheid South Africa which supplied it with arms. Following a 1992 peace accord it took part in elections in 1994, becoming the country’s official opposition party.
0 0
Rivonia Trial
  • Trial between 1963 and 1964 in which ten leading members of the Congress Alliance were charged with sabotage and faced the death penalty. Named after the suburb of Rivonia, Johannesburg, where six members of the MK High Command were arrested at their hideout, Liliesleaf Farm, on 11 July 1963. Incriminating documents, including a proposal for a guerrilla insurgency named Operation Mayibuye, were seized. Mandela, who was already serving a sentence for incitement and leaving South Africa illegally, was implicated, and his notes on guerrilla warfare and his diary from his trip through Africa in 1962 were also seized. Rather than being cross-examined as a witness, Mandela made a statement from the dock on 20 April 1964. This became his famous ‘I am prepared to die’ speech. On 11 June 1964 eight of the accused were convicted by Justice Quartus de Wet at the Palace of Justice in Pretoria, and the next day were sentenced to life imprisonment.
229 0
Rugby World Cup 0 0
Sharpeville Massacre
  • Confrontation in the township of Sharpeville, Gauteng Province. On 21 March 1960, sixty-nine unarmed anti-pass protesters were shot dead by police and over 180 were injured. The PAC organised demonstration attracted between 5,000 and 7,000 protesters. This day is now commemorated annually in South Africa as a public holiday: Human Rights Day.
6 0
State of Emergency, 1960 2 0
Suppression of Communism Act, No. 44, 1950
  • Act passed 26 June 1950, in which the state banned the SACP and any activities it deemed communist, defining ‘communism’ in such broad terms that anyone protesting against apartheid would be in breach of the act.
6 0
Urban Bantu Councils
  • The Urban Bantu Councils were part of the apartheid system. They were established outside the bantustans in areas where Africans were denied rights beyond election to the councils. They were assigned limited administrative duties but deprived of sustainable income as ‘African’ areas had little taxable economic activity. Boycott of council elections sustained over many years and hostility from communities rendered them ineffective.
0 0
Voortrekkers
  • White, mainly Dutch-speaking, farmers, tradesmen and squatters who in the 1830s migrated inland and into Natal from from the British-ruled Cape colony, and established the white republics of the Transvaal and Orange Free State. Voortrekkers translates to pioneers.
0 0
Religious Organisations; Business 1 0
Award of merit 1 0
Mass action 1 0
Unemployment 0 0
Drought 0 0
Harassment 1 0
Values 0 0
Bantu Education 6 0
Black Consciousness 5 0
Lekgotla 0 0
Election Campaign 3 0
Right-wing Afrikaners 0 0
Interim Constitution of South Africa, 1994 - 1997 0 0
Business Against Crime 0 0
National Crime Prevention Strategy 0 0
amaZulu 0 0
Operation Mayibuye, 1963 2 0
Educational Institutions 1 0
Macro-economic policy 0 0
Dialogue Programme 202 0
Aboriginal peoples

Use for: Inuit

0 0
Nelson Mandela Centenary Programme

Use for: Nelson Mandela 100, NM100

15 0
NMF CEO 9 0
NMF Board 8 0
Zimbabwe General Election, 1980 0 0
Amadelakufa 0 0
Apartheid

Use for: Apartheid regime

37 0
Anti-apartheid people: national 18 0
Anti-apartheid organisation: national 134 0
Anti-apartheid organisation: local 48 0
Anti-apartheid organisation: international 24 0
Church organisation: national 13 0
Anti-apartheid organisation: regional 3 0
Aid/development organisation: national 11 0
Anti-apartheid people: local 1 0
Trade union organisation: national 6 0
Aid/development organisation: international 5 0
Church organisation: international 5 0
Political organisation: national 7 0
Political organisation: local 5 0
Anti-apartheid people: international 7 0
Trade union organisation: international 5 0
Trade union organisation: local 2 0
National anti-apartheid movement 1 0
Political people: local 1 0
Trade union people: national 1 0
Women's organisation: local 2 0
Women's organisation: national 1 0
Launches 33 0
Historical 34 0
Annual Lectures 118 0
Nelson Mandela International Day 211 0
Community opinions 0 0
Anti-apartheid resources 37 0
Human geography named after Mandela (7) 242 0
Awards from Civil Society and Business (3) 266 0
Patronages 108 0
Other Awards from Educational Institutions and related 31 0
Awards from Students 2 0
Civic honours from political organisations 26 0
Awards, tributes and honours (66) 1 0
Patronages and Memberships (4) 135 0
Awards related to Arts, Culture and Sports 23 0
Flora, Fauna and Science related named after Mandela (3) 22 0
Freedom of Cities 60 0
Honorary citizenships 34 0
National Honours 62 0
Awards from Educational Institutions and related (6) 185 0
Honorary Doctorates 174 0
Other Human geography named after Mandela 3 0
Civic honours and related (12) 8 0
Other Civic Honours and related 80 0
Educational Institutions and related named after Mandela (5) 104 0
Awards, Events and Organisations named after Mandela (4) 60 0
Award of recognition 221 0
Arts, Culture and Sports related named after/dedicated to Mandela (7) 248 0
Tributes from Civil Society and Business (2) 20 0
Tributes from business 48 0
Business 6 0
Flora named after Mandela 10 0
Science dedicated to Mandela 3 0
Fauna named after Mandela 8 0
Arts and Culture named after/dedicated to Mandela (6) 24 0
Music dedicated to Mandela 70 0
Music 17 0
Results 301 to 400 of 1134