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People and Organisations

Powell, Colin

  • ZA-COM-07583
  • Person
  • 5 April 1937 -
American politician and retired four-star general in the United States Army. During his military career, Powell also served as National Security Advisor (1987–1989), as Commander of the U.S. Army Forces Command (1989) and as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1989–1993), holding the latter position during the Persian Gulf War. He was the 65th United States Secretary of State, serving under U.S. President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2005, the first black person to serve in that position

Lumumba, Patrice

  • ZA-COM-07585
  • Person
  • 2 July 1925 - 17 January 1961

Littlewood, Joan

  • ZA-COM-07586
  • Person
  • 6 October 1914 - 20 September 2002

Mayfield, Curtis

  • ZA-COM-07587
  • Person
  • 3 June 1942 - 26 December 1999


  • ZA-COM-07588
  • Person
  • ?-429 BC

Mail & Guardian

  • ZA-COM-06153
  • Corporate body
  • 1985 -
Began as the Weekly Mail, an alternative newspaper by a group of journalists in 1985 after the closure of two leading liberal newspapers, The Rand Daily Mail and Sunday Express.
The Weekly Mail criticised the government and its apartheid policies, which led to the banning of the paper in 1988. The paper was renamed the Weekly Mail & Guardian from 30 July 1993. The London-based Guardian Media Group (GMG), the publisher of The Guardian, became the majority shareholder of the print edition in 1995, and the name was changed to Mail & Guardian.

World (Newspaper)

  • Corporate body
  • 1932 -
The Bantu World was founded in April 1932 for an intended audience of black middle-class elite by Bertram Paver, a white ex-farmer. The Bantu World's first editor was Victor Selope-Thema who served until 1952. The World merged with Ilanga lase Natal (Natal Sun) in 1935, under Selope-Thema's editorship. Under Dr. Jacob Nhlapo, editor from 1953 to 1957, the name of the newspaper was changed to its current name, The World. Tselito Percy Peter Qoboza (1938-1988) became editor in chief of The World in 1974. It was banned in 1977, and most of its staff was either detained and/or banned after which it closed down.
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