Showing 9538 results

People and Organisations

Tupilak

  • ZA-COM-07277
  • Corporate body

Tutu, Desmond Mpilo

  • ZA-COM-03144
  • Person
  • 1931–
Archbishop Emeritus and anti-apartheid and human rights activist. Bishop of Lesotho, 1976–78. First black general secretary of the South African Council of Churches, 1978. Following the 1994 election, he chaired the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate apartheid-era crimes. Recipient of the 1984 Nobel Peace Prize for seeking a nonviolent end to apartheid; the Albert Schweitzer Prize for Humanitarianism, 1986; and the Gandhi Peace Prize, 2005.

Tyson, Mike

  • ZA-COM-02828
  • Person
  • 30 June 1966-

U Thant

  • ZA-COM-07282
  • Corporate body

Uber

  • ZA-COM-03437
  • Corporate body

Umkhonto weSizwe (MK)

  • ZA-COM-00143
  • Corporate body
Umkhonto weSizwe, meaning ‘spear of the nation’, was founded in 1961 and is commonly known by the abbreviation MK. Nelson Mandela was its first commander-in-chief. It became the military wing of the ANC. On the eve of the 1994 elections MK was disbanded and its soldiers incorporated into the newly formed South African National Defence Force (SANDF) with soldiers from the apartheid South African Defence Force, Bantustan defence forces, IFP’s self-protection units and Azanian People’s Liberation Army (APLA), the military wing of the PAC.

United Democratic Front (UDF)

  • ZA-COM-02180
  • Corporate body
  • 20 August 1983 - 20 August 1991
A non-racial coalition with hundreds of affiliated civic, church, students', workers' and other organisations. It launched in 1983, initially to fight the segregated Tricameral Parliament. By 1987 many activists were imprisoned or detained. Though not formally ANC-aligned, it adopted the Freedom Charter and demanded the release of political prisoners. In 1989, following restrictions on UDF and COSATU, the two began cooperating in a loose alliance called the Mass Democratic Movement. After the liberation movements were unbanned in 1990, the UDF disbanded.

United Workers' Union of South Africa (UWUSA)

  • ZA-COM-07299
  • Corporate body
Uwusa was formed in Durban on 1 May 1986 by Mangosuthu Buthelezi in direct reaction to the formation of Cosatu and the political stance it adopted.
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