African National Congress (ANC)

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

African National Congress (ANC)

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence


8 January 1912 -

History


Established as the South African Native National Congress (SANNC) in 1912. Renamed African National Congress (ANC) in 1923. Following the Sharpeville Massacre in March 1960, the ANC was banned by the South African government and went underground until the ban was lifted in 1990. Its military wing, Umkhonto weSizwe (MK), was established in 1961, with Mandela as commander-in-chief. The ANC became South Africa’s governing party after the nation’s first democratic elections on 27 April 1994.

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Internal structures/genealogy

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Control area

Authority record identifier

ZA-COM-04132

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Draft

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