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Rivonia Trial

Records of the State versus Nelson Mandela and nine others (Walter Sisulu, Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Ahmed Kathrada, Lionel Bernstein, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor, Elias Motsoaledi and Andrew Mlangeni).

ANC legalised Mandela to be released

South African president F.W. de Klerk shocked the world with the announcement that the government will lift the ban on the African National Congress (ANC) and free imprisoned ANC leader Nelson Mandela. Apartheid system remains for now, but South Africans are jubilant with this dramatic break from the past and the promise a new South Africa.

Nelson Mandela released

For 27 years, six months and six days Nelson Mandela was a prisoner and a symbol of Apartheid's oppression. Today, he is a free man and the world is celebrating. From Soweto's giant party, to exiles, to the prime minister's office on Parliament Hill, CBC reporters capture the global festivities.

Nelson Mandela addresses Canadian Parliament

After 27 years in prison, the world's most famous political prisoner is free. Nelson Mandela, vice President of the African National Congress, is released from prison on February 11, 1990 and plunges into an international campaign to end apartheid in his native South Africa. Four months later, Mandela travels to Canada and delivers a speech at a joint session of Parliament.

The end of Apartheid

South Africa's era as an international pariah is over. Tonight, Canada and other nations lift most of the remaining sanctions against South Africa, and welcome it back into the international community. They do so at the behest of Nelson Mandela and President F.W. de Klerk, who ask world leaders to recognize the progress South Africa has made on its journey towards multiracial democracy. Fundraising in order to pave the way for free and democratic South Africa and to avoid "another Somalia, another Bosnia."

In South Africa with Nelson Mandela

Interview with Nelson Mandela released after spending 27 years in prison. Barbara Frum interviews Nelson Mandela. Frum is moved by Nelson Mandela' dignity and stature

South African Sanctions Lifted

It's a turning point in South Africa's turbulent history. In light of that nation's progress towards ending apartheid, African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela has asked the world to lift economic sanctions against his country.

CBC Digital Archives

Mandela and seven colleagues imprisoned

Nelson Mandela and seven colleagues face life imprisonment in South Africa." That's the fate of eight African National Congress leaders, tried for 221 acts of sabotage designed to violently overthrow South Africa's apartheid government. The trial lasted eight months and attracted worldwide attention. In this 1964 radio report from CBC National News, reporter Patrick Keatley is in London to explain why the defendants likely avoided a death sentence.

Nelson Mandela and seven colleagues face life imprisonment in South Africa." The eight African National Congress leaders, tried for 221 acts of sabotage designed to violently overthrow South Africa's apartheid government. The trial lasted eight months and attracted worldwide attention. In this 1964 radio report from CBC National News, reporter Patrick Keatley is in London to explain why the defendants likely avoided a death sentence. "The sentence of life imprisonment is a deft stroke by the nationalist government," he concludes. "Certainly it thrusts aside some of the tremendous world horror and political pressure which otherwise would have immediately built up against South Africa."
Mandela and seven colleagues imprisoned
The Rivonia trial was named after the suburb of Johannesburg where 19 African National Congress leaders were arrested at Liliesleaf Farm on July 11, 1963. Mandela was already in custody, having been sentenced to five years in prison in October 1962 for inciting a workers' strike a year earlier.
• At Liliesleaf, the South African government discovered documents belonging to the group Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), a military wing of the ANC. They described plans for attack and guerrilla warfare.
• Several ANC leaders used Liliesleaf as a hideout, and Nelson Mandela himself moved there in 1961. Using the name David Motsamayi (meaning "the walker") he evaded police by masquerading as a cook and gardener. The farm was owned by co-defendant Arthur Golderich, a South African abstract painter and a key figure in the anti-apartheid movement.
• In addition to Mandela, the other ANC leaders charged were Walter Sisulu, Govan Mbeki, Raymond Mhlaba, Andrew Mlangeni, Elias Motsoaledi, Ahmed Kathrada, Billy Nair, Denis Goldberg, Lionel "Rusty" Bernstein, Bob Hepple, Harold Wolpe, James "Jimmy" Kantor and Golderich.
• This CBC Radio clip notes that six of the defendants were black, but this appears to be incorrect. Goldberg, Bernstein, Hepple and Golderich were white Jews, while Nair and Kathrada were Indian. This leaves five men - Mandela, Sisulu, Mbeki, Motsoaledi and Mhlaba - who were black
• Those found guilty on all four counts were Mandela, Sisulu, Mbeki, Motsoaledi, Mlangeni, Goldberg and Mhlaba. Kathrada was found guilty on one count of conspiracy. Bernstein was acquitted but was rearrested, released on bail and placed under house arrest. He later fled the country.
• Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd (mentioned in this clip as Dr. Verwoerd) was prime minister of South Africa from 1958 until his assassination in 1966. He is called the "Architect of Apartheid" because he broadened existing policies that restricted the black Bantu African nationals' mobility while he was minister of native affairs in the early 1950s. In September 1966, he was stabbed four times in the chest by a uniformed parliamentary messenger names Dmitri Tsafendas. The motive for the murder was unclear.

CBC National News

Nelson Mandela: Prisoner, president, peacemaker

Nelson Rholihlahla Mandela's life began in a tiny village in South Africa, which he describes as "removed from the world of great events." It was the start of a life that would not only take part in great events, but help shape them. His extraordinary life has led him from being branded a terrorist in his own country and a 27-year imprisonment to taking office as South Africa's first democratically elected president and becoming an international symbol of peace and social justice.

CBC Digital Archives

Canadian Anti- Apartheid News Bulletin

Report of January 1966 - On
The crisis in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe)
The arrest of Bram Fischer on the 11th October 1965
Campaign for the release of Bram Fischer and the other political prisoners
Report of June 1966 on:
The disgraceful conditions of human rights that exist in South Africa 25th June 1966
11th celebration of the South African Freedom Day - Outlines details of the programme
Demands the release of political prisoners Bram Fischer-
Address by Robert Resha of the ANC

Canadian Anti-Apartheid Movement

Nelson Mandela Children's Fund (Canada) fonds

Records of the Nelson Mandela Children's fund and its predecessor the Canadian Friends of the Nelson Mandela Children's fund (NMCF) The record date from 1998 to the closure of the office in 2011. The documents consists of textual record s,photographs, sound and images and electronic records documenting the work of the NMCF.

Nelson Mandela Childrens Fund (NMCF)

Michael D. Harris photograph binders

Included are photographs of Mike Harris and Nelson Mandela, President, Republic of South Africa, Isabel Bassett, Mike Harris Jr., and others during Mr. Mandela's visit to Toronto.

Office of Mike Harris

Premier Bob Rae's special advisor's policy and issues records

Initiated on the suggestion of Canada’s Secretary of State for External Affairs, the legal agreement was signed between Nelson Mandela and the fund in May of 1990 and the Fund was legally constituted the following month in April of 1990. The purpose of the Nelson Mandela Fund as set out in its deed of Trust, is to work towards the establishment, through peaceful means, of a non-racial, fully democratic South Africa by engaging Canadians. The Progressive Conservative Party, the Liberal Party and the New Democratic Parties of Canada gave unanimous consent to the establishment of the Nelson Mandela Fund during a session of Parliament on the 7th March 1990.

The file contains three copies of South Africa Documentation, from April to November of 1991. This bulletin was produced by the Nelson Mandela Fund, which had offices in both Toronto and Montreal in the 1990s. Also included is: a copy of Nelson Mandela’s Statement of the Deputy President of the ANC at the Opening of the ANC National Conference in July of 1991, Statement of ANC President Oliver Tambo to the ANC conference in Durban in July of 1991; newspaper clippings; a working document by the ANC Constitutional Committee concerning the Bill of Rights for a new South Africa; an ANC Discussion Document concerning Constitutional Principles for a Democratic South Africa (n.d.); correspondence of the Nelson Mandela Fund; Information concerning the Fund’s Community band Citizenship Education Project; copy of a typed letter from Nelson Mandela to Archbishop Edward Scott dated the 14th January 1991; records concerning the proclamation of Nelson Mandela Day in Ontario (11 February 1991); budget information; information concerning the National Education Committee; as well as fundraising information. The file also contains the agreement signed between Nelson Mandela the Nelson Mandela Fund, dated the 16 May 1990.

Premier of Ontario’s office

David Anderson fonds

The fonds comprises of original editorial cartoons by David Anderson dating 1990-1998 and published largely in the Toronto Star and through syndication in other national and international papers. The cartoonist covers primarily national issues, personalities, scandals and events. Internationally, Anderson targets racism and repression as seen in South Africa, Haiti, the Balkan States and other third world nations. Included are graphic materials of Nelson Mandela

Anderson, David

John Collins fonds

An original editorial cartoon entitled, turning up his charisma, which depicts Trudeau as a snake charmer whose notes cause a "South African issue" python to rise from a "Commonwealth" bowl.

Collins, John

Dale Cummings fonds

While working for several years as a freelance artist, Cummings was frequently published in the New York Times, The Canadian Forum, the Last Post, MacLean’s and the Toronto Star. In 1981, he was hired as the full-time editorial cartoonist for the Winnipeg Free Press. The fond is comprised of editorial cartoons, published in the Winnipeg Free Press, covering over two decades of political events. International leaders include Nelson Mandela.

Cummings, Dale

Fred Curatolo fonds

The fond comprises original editorial cartoons by Fred Curatolo, published in the Edmonton Sun, which include a graphic about Nelson Mandela and F.W. de Klerk entitled Drive Fred.

Curatolo, Fred

Andy Donato fonds

The fond comprises original editorial cartoons by Toronto Sun art director and editorial cartoonist Andy Donato. Issues and personalities operate on the national, international, provincial and local arenas. On the international stage, the cartoonist covers such topics as apartheid. The item consists of a rough pencil sketch of Nelson Mandela.

Donato, Andy

Frank Edwards fonds

In 1978, Frank Edwards became the full-time editorial cartoonist for the Kingston Whig-Standard, a position he held until 1994. The fonds consists primarily of editorial cartoons published in the Kingston Whig-Standard. International leaders include Nelson Mandela.

Edwards, Frank

Anthony Jenkins fonds

Anthony Jenkins’ editorial cartoons have been appearing in the Globe and Mail newspaper since 1974. International leaders include Nelson Mandela.

Jenkins, Anthony

Yousuf Karsh fonds

The file consists of portraits of Mr. Nelson Mandela, South African political leader.
One photograph, entitled Nelson Mandela, photographed in Ottawa, appeared in Karsh exhibition in London entitled, Faces of the 20th Century, exhibition was held at Canada House from the 13 May 1998 to the 28 August 28 1998. Statements made by Nelson Mandela and other ANC prominent people and ANC departments.

Karsh, Yousuf

Fonds Robert La Palm

The fonds contains a single image cartoon, entitled Bravo Chef, depicting Diefenbaker, as the chef of the "Commonwealth" restaurant, throwing out S. African leader Verwoerd because of his Apartheid policies as a black man looks on.

La Palm, Robert

Bruce MacKinnon fonds

The fonds comprise editorial cartoons, dating 1986-1995, published in the Halifax-Herald newspaper. International personalities include Nelson Mandela.

MacKinnon, Bruce

Daniel Murphy fonds

The fond comprises original editorial cartoons by Dan Murphy published in the Vancouver Province newspaper. National, International and provincial personalities and issues are covered, including two graphics of Nelson Mandela.

Murphy, Daniel

B. Nipper fonds

B. Nipper is the pseudonym of an editorial cartoonist who published cartoons in the London Free Press from 1988 to 1993. The fonds consist of original sketches and editorial cartoons by B. Nipper published in the London Free Press that deals with provincial and national issues, as well as international events. International personalities include Nelson Mandela.

Nipper, B.

Roy Peterson fonds

The fonds contain an original editorial cartoon depicting Botha unfastening puppet strings from Nelson Mandela.

Peterson, Roy

Cartoon Drawings

An original editorial cartoon depicting Nelson Mandela holding a black dove and a white dove.

Pickersgill, Peter

World Leaders

World leaders including George Bush Yasser Arafat, Brian Mulroney, Boris Yeltsin, Pope John Paul II, Lech Wales and Nelson Mandela.

Pijet, Andre

Andre' Pijet Fonds

Nelson Mandela airbrushed drawing and coloured inks with water colour and coloured pencils.

Pijet, Andre

Joe Clark fonds

Included in the fonds are records concerning the Nelson Mandela fund, schedules, itineraries and agendas of Nelson Mandela's visit to Canada in June of 1990.

Various

Kerry Waghorn fonds

The fonds consist of portrait caricatures of Canadian and international figures in politics, business, entertainment and literature. The file contains newspaper clippings and photomechanical transfers of caricatures, including graphics of Nelson Mandela.

Waghorn, Kerry

Criminal Court Case No. 253/1963 (State Versus N Mandela and Others)

The Rivonia Trial was the first time that the state used its powers under the Acts, that banned the African National Congress (ANC) and the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) in 1960, to arrest and prosecute the top leadership structure of the largest internal anti-apartheid organisation involved in the struggle for a democratic South Africa. This trial gave Nelson Mandela the opportunity to proclaim the aim and goal of the ANC from the dock to the public at large. The court case led to the imprisonment of leaders such as Nelson Mandela on Robben Island and other prisons until their release in 1990.

National Archives of South Africa (NASA)

Files of United Nations Secretary-General, U Thant

Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, including:
Correspondence from U Thant to Mr. Souleymane Ould Cheikh Sidya (Chairman of the Afro-Asian Group and permanent representative to the UN) about the arrest of Nelson Mandela by the South African government and the response received by U Thant from the South African government that the matter essentially falls within the jurisdiction of the Republic of South Africa and that it is not accountable to the UN, 1962.
Statements by anti-apartheid leaders about the racial policies of the South African government, including a statement by Nelson Mandela (quoted in the South African House of Assembly by Helen Suzman), Yusuf Dadoo and Duma Nokwe, 1963. Notes on the forthcoming discussion on the South Africa question in the Security Council by ES Reddy, including the expectation of death sentences for Nelson Mandela and other Rivonia Trialists, and the role of the UN beyond the Rivonia Trial, 1964.
Notes on the Rivonia Trial, and a Security Council discussion on the South African question, with references to the adoption of the resolution on South African prisoners and the Rivonia Trial, a proposal for a separate emergency draft resolution on the Rivonia Trial, possible repercussions of death sentences in the Rivonia Trial, the advantages of adopting a resolution in advance of the sentences, the possibility of death sentences for Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu and at least three other accused, Nelson Mandela and Sisulu reported to be disinclined to appeal their sentences with the implication that the time available for external pressure would be limited, and the possibility of long prison terms, 1964.
A memorandum from ES Reddy (Principal Secretary, UN Special Committee Against Apartheid) to Vladimir Suslov (Under-Secretary General for Political and Security Council Affairs), enclosing a copy of a statement made by Chief Albert Luthuli on the Rivonia Trial, to be released immediately after the sentencing of the Rivonia Trialists, 1964. A letter addressed to Mr. Matthys I. Botha, South African representative to the UN about the death sentences imposed on Vuyisile Mini, Zinakile Mkaba and Wilson Khayinga, and the threats of the same penalty being imposed on other political Trialists, 1964.
A press statement issued by South African Prime Minister, HF Verwoerd concerning the sentences passed in the Rivonia Trial, 1964.

U Thant

Mandela: The Living Legend

This two-part documentary series stands as the definitive film biography of Nelson Mandela. Each program meticulously chronicles his powerful story through archival footage and exclusive interviews, while unprecedented access to Mandela offers an intimate look into his life today. Friends and world leaders interviewed include former President Bill Clinton, Fidel Castro, and Archbishop Desmond Tutu. A BBCW Production. 2-part series, 51 minutes each.

BBC Press Office

Archbishop Trevor Huddleston

Trevor Huddleston collection includes correspondence on Nelson Mandela, speeches, addresses, newspaper cuttings , Free Mandela Campaigns and 1990 concert . Celebration of the Nelson Mandela's 70th birthday held at Wembley Stadium. Includes correspondence and papers relating to a service celebrating the release of Nelson Mandela (broadcast February 1990).
Audio visual collection, metering on the inauguration of Nelson Mandela. BBC program on Nelson Mandela as president of South Africa.

Huddleston, Trevor

Anthony Sampson

Papers of Anthony Sampson has a section on "Materials relating to Mandela: The authorised biography.'' This material comprises of research notes made by Sampson it ranges from photocopies and papers, mainly relating to Nelson Mandela’s life. The collection also has audio visual material.

Sampson, Anthony

John Mendelson

Correspondence, circulars reports to South Africa including letter from the British Consulate- General in Johannesburg on the Rivonia treason trial (1963) letter from John Mendelson to David Astor regarding Nelson Mandela and his colleagues (1974).

Mendelson, John

National Archives United Kingdom

Embassy's role in getting books from Astor to Mandela "In the long run we may get some goodwill from Nelson Mandela for having helped him. Letter from Dunrossil, British Embassy in Pretoria. (7 December 1962). Rev. Charles Hooper in Swaziland was taking care of sons of Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu. Confidential note from Major Steward. House arrest papers served on Ahmed Kathrada for attending the Nelson Mandela trial and then ordered to immediately return to Johannesburg. Includes a copy of Mandela's opening remarks (23 October 1962). Sabotage attempts in and around Durban thought likely to be the " Free Mandela Campaign Telegram 18 October 1962.

British Embassy, Pretoria

National Archives United Kingdom

David Astor correspondence to the British Ambassador Sir John Maud thanking him for helping him to get the books to Nelson Mandela (13 October 1962.) John Maud’s correspondence to David Astor confirming receipt the of Nelson Mandela letter's receiving the books (4 October 1962). Enclosed is a receipt from Nelson Mandela for the books (2 October 1962). Hand written note from Nelson Mandela confirming that he received the books via the embassy (14 September 1962). Correspondence from the resident commissioner , Mafikeng to the High commission, Cape Town. Nelson Mandela travels ( 20 January 1962). Correspondence from the High Commission in Cape Town to the Secretary of State Colonies. Arrival of Mandela in Lobatse and a charter to fly him to Tanganyika paid by a bank in Dar es Salaam (22 January 1962)

Astor, David

National Archives United Kingdom

The Summary of the opening of the trial against Neville Alexander et all. Report (13 November 1963)
The escape of Bob Hepple. Telegram ( 28 November 1963. Prison conditions with affidavits from Bernstein, Goldberg, Motsoaledi, Mbeki, Kathrada and Sisulu. Report (21 November 1963. Rivonia trial Newspaper articles (November 1963). Note from Mitford to the British consulate general requesting for political trials that might seriously affect the Rivonia trial closely monitored. Note ( 5 December 1963). Visit by John Arnold Q.C. a leading conservative barrister in London ( includes a summary of proceedings). Report (13 December 1963). Arrest, assault and torture of Isaac Tale of the ANC at the hands of security police who wanted him to testify against the Rivonia accused. Police claimed to him that Joe Slovo bought Nelson Mandela and Sisulu with money from the communists. Report/Affidavit ( no date) Report of John Arnold Q.C. at the international commission of Jurists on his visit to South Africa and includes a comment that he believed the Rivonia trial judge was fair and partial. Report (16 December 1963). Rivonia trial. Various news articles ( December 1963)

National Archives United Kingdom

Death sentence in Rivonia trial "unlikely"
Note (4 June 1964)
Upcoming judgment and sentence in the Rivonia trial
Note (2 June 1964)
The Australian representative to South Africa has been instructed to register his government's concern over the Rivonia trial.
Note (9 June 1964)
U.K. should abstain in the vote on the Rivonia resolution by Ivory Coast and Morocco unless is amended ( Add as that America will also abstain)
Note ( 10 June 1964)
Verdicts in the Rivonia trial
Telegram (11 June 1964)
Analysis of evidence at the Rivonia trial
Report ( 10 June 1964)
Decision to defer any attempt by the U.S. to get a reduction in Rivonia trail sentences until the defence has lodged an appeal.
Note ( 14 June 1964)
Unsigned copy of the Rivonia trial judgment
Judgment: Rivonia trial (15 June 1964)

National Archives United Kingdom

Terrorism trial of Essop et al. Report ( 1972)
Arrest of Moumbaris et al- Report (1972)
Ahmed Timol inquest - Report (1972)
Release from Robben Island of M.D. Naidoo after having served his five-year sentence- Report (1972) Winnie Mandela breaking banning orders- Correspondence ( 28 April 1972) Mrs. Winnie Mandela' s brother in law had bought her groceries for her, when she went to the door to fetch them she was arrested for contravening her banning order : Mrs. Mandela wins appeal over grocery list case. Newspaper article from The Time London ( 26 April 1976).Prisoners study privileged. Correspondence from Lord Lothian to Dennis Healy (25 February 1972)
South Africa n government refusal to give Shantie Naidoo ' a passport to leave the country and refers it her refusal to testify against Winnie Mandela. Report from the U. N. Unit on Apartheid ( January 1972) Refusal for permission to study. Correspondence from the Commissioner of Prisons (Steyn) to the British Ambassador Arthur Shelley ( February 1972)

Commonwealth Office

Records of the Commonwealth Office and Foreign Commonwealth Office: Southern African Department and predecessors includes material on the Treatment of prisoners including Nelson Mandela in South Africa

National Archives United Kingdom

Nelson Mandela's life sentence
Reactions various 1963. Foreign reaction to the Rivonia trial judgment and sentences. Statement in parliament by H.F. Verwoerd (16 June 1964). Rivonia trial judgment ( includes newspaper cuttings). Correspondence ( 16 June 1964)
Rivonia trial sentence Summary from press articles (1964)
Question whether the British government should ask the South African government to reduce the life sentences handed down in the Rivonia trial.
Correspondence ( 26 June 1964)
Libyan embassy in London will ask the UK secretary of state to intervene and have the Rivonia trial life sentences reduced.
Report ( 15 June 1964) The U.S. state department will not ask for a reduction in the Rivonia trial.
Correspondence Internal British foreign office (27 June 1964) Secretary of the state talking about the RivoniaSpeech to the House of Commons ( July 1964) The Canadian Ambassador asks that the Rivonia trial sentences be reduced
Report (22 July 1964) Rivonia trial accused decide not to appeal Report (27 July 1964)
The German government approaches South Africa about the Rivonia trial sentences
Report ( 2 September 1964) Book on Rivonia trial by Judge De Villiers
Report (24 September 1964)

National Archives United Kingdom

Winnie and Nelson Mandela
Correspondence from A Fleming to British Prime Minister James Callaghan ((14 August 1976). Political situation in South Africa - refers to Winnie and Nthato Motlana seeking an interdict in restraining Mr. Shabangu of Soweto, UCB from molesting children and property.

National Archives United Kingdom

Written by Nadine Gordimer- Biographies of Rivonia Trialists ( April 1964)
Nelson Mandela speech from the dock ( scheduled for 20th April) Analysis of the Rivonia Trial (8 April 1964) Rivonia trial- Notes from Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign affairs (10 April 1964)
Nigerian government's concern for the Rivonia accused - Notes (10 April 1964)
Potential intervention by the British government-Discussions (various n.d.)
Possible intervention by German government in Rivonia trial - Note (16 April 1964)
Rivonia trial defence- Newspaper articles ( various April 1964)
Kenyan's government's anxiety about Rivonia trail- Note (n.d)
African leaders plan on demonstrations if Nelson Mandela is executed -Notes ( 7 May 1964)
Ethiopia asks for Belgium to exert pressure on South African government - Note (6 may 1964)
Nelson Mandela's speaking in Addis Ababa- exhibit R13 in the Rivonia trial
Notes on Nelson Mandela ( May 1963)
Notes on Bram Fischer's defence statement Notes ( 20 April 1964)
The likely outcome of the Rivonia trial Discussion document (n.d.)
" The Revolutionary way out"
Statement of the SACO (n.d.)
"Should the British Prime Minister send a private message to Verwoed about Rivonia?"
Correspondence ( 7 May 1964; reply on 14 May saying it would be inadvisable)
Letter enclosing Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock. Correspondence from (6 May 1964)
Van den Bergh of Boss does not expect a death sentence to be passed in the Rivonia trail
Note 20 May 1964.

National Archives United Kingdom

Closing case against Nelson Mandela (includes information that Mr. L.J. Blom-Cooper from Amnesty saw the magistrate leaving for lunch with the Security Branch in their car. This led to Nelson Mandela to call the magistrate to recuse himself from the trial but he refused. Confidential report from the British embassy. ( 26 October1962). Nelson Mandela's trial. Report from British embassy. Arrest of Nelson Mandela (including biographical details)
Report from the British embassy, Pretoria to the Foreign office, London.

British Embassy, Pretoria

National Archives United Kingdom

Mr. Kawawa, the vice president of Tanganyika appeals for Nelson Mandela's release. Tanganyika Standard (11 August 1962) Nelson Mandela's trial French newspaper article. Extracts from Nelson Mandela's address to the court and probably a posed photograph of him n suit (by Michael Peto). Article from the Observer (18 November 1962). Conversation with Mr. Blom-Cooper of Amnesty about Nelson Mandela's trial. Report ( 29 November 1962). Correspondence to the British M.P. on concerns about Nelson Mandela's trial and saying that the process is fair. Correspondence. Nelson Mandela's trial Report (16 October 1962. Nelson Mandela's sentencing. Report ( 9 November 1962)

National Archives (Unitted Kingdom)

National Archives United Kingdom

Correspondence from the Nigerian diplomats on various British expatriates working at universities and hospitals who promise to resign from their positions if Nelson Mandela is sentenced to death.
Correspondence (29 May 1963)

Press Articles

National Archives United Kingdom

The end of the SASO trial
Correspondence ( 23 December 1976) The South African situation. Press release by SSRC released by Khotso Seatlholo ( 29 October 1976)

SASO

National Archives United Kingdom

The trial and sentencing of Constable Johannes Arnoldus Greef for his role on helping Arthur Goldreich to escape. Newspaper article. Report on the substance of O.R. Tambo to the U.N. special committee about people accused of sabotage . Report 9 October 1963. Report on the proceedings of the Rivonia trial. Press reports. 222 Acts of sabotage between 10 August 1961 and 1963. Article from the Star (9 October 1963). Moves to raise Pretoria trial issue at U.N. Article from the Star ( 10 October 1963). Conversation with Bram Fischer about the Rivonia trial. Letter from Durossil to the Foreign Office, London ( 19 October 1963). De Wet quashed indictment "The Rivonia trial collapses.
Articles from the Rand Daily Mail. ( 30 October 1963)

Rand Daily Mail

Mandela Materials

  • MR-MM
  • Record Group
  • 1940s-2013

The archival record relating to the late Mr Nelson Mandela is infinite, fragmentary and scattered, both geographically and institutionally, throughout the world, making it almost impossible to physically locate. The imperative, therefore, is to document this vast resource, facilitate access to it, and promote its preservation and use.

The Mandela Materials Database is a guide to the Mandela archive elsewhere, other than the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory. Both local and international repositories have been surveyed for any material on Mr Mandela to include in the database. The purpose of this database is to point researchers to the relevant repositories holding the actual archival material.

Nelson Mandela Foundation (NMF)

Celebrating the life of Nelson Mandela

DVD
Mandela: Son of Africa, Father of a Nation
A Captivating view of the indomitable spirit of one of the world's most fascinating figures.
Directed by Jo Menell and Angus Gibson and produced by Jonathan Demme, Edward Saxon and Jo Menell.
Total Running time: 118 minutes

Offering an intimate look at one of the world's most revered human rights figures from his childhood to his election as South Africa's first black president, the feature-length film produced by Jonathan Demme was nominated for the 1997 Academy Award® for Best Documentary.

A 26-track CD soundtrack includes South African legends Hugh Masekela, Johnny Clegg & Saluki, Vusi Mahlasela, The Manhattan Brothers, Brenda Fassie and many more. The 48-page book and National Geographic Map chronicle the political and cultural history of South Africa

CD
Mandela: Son of Africa, Father of a Nation Original Soundtrack
Evoking the rich and vibrant musical legacy of South Africa, with traditional Xhosa and Zulu folk songs, '50s township swing and jump blues, harmony trios and powerful protest songs of freedom.

Track List:
1 Robben Island Ambiance
2 Father of Our Nation - Jennifer Jones and Hugh Masekela
3 Childhood - Original Score
4 Sip N’ Fly - The African Jazz Pioneers
5 In The Queue - Original Cast Of The All African Jazz Opera “King Kong”
6 Yiyole The - Havana Swingsters
7 Pula Kgosi Seretse - The Skylarks
8 Ndenzeni Na? (What Have I Done?) - The Father Huddleston Band
9 Vuka Vuka (Get Up, Get Up) - The Manhattan Brothers
10 De Makeba - The Jazz Dazzlers
11 Lalelani - The Skylarks
12 Mandela-Madiba Original Score
13 Toyi Toyi Mix - The African National Congress Choir
14 Heavyweight - The Kalahari Surfers With Lesego Rampolokeng
15 Wars Of Old - Original Score
16 Asimbonanga (Mandela) (We Have Not Seen Him) -Johnny Clegg And Saluki
17 Family Theme - Original Score
18 Nelson Mandela - The Specials
19 Rest In Peace - Original Score
20 When You Come Back - Vusi Mahlasela
21 Transkei - Original Score
22 Guns And Pangas - The Kalahari Surfers With Shaun Naidoo
23 Sad Song - Original Score
24 Phansi Ngodlame - Babsy Mlangeni
25 Mmalo-We - Bayete And Jab Khanyile
26 Black President - Brenda Fassie

48-page Book
Telling the compelling story of the extraordinary life of Nelson Mandela is a beautiful, 48-page book filled with dozens of photos and art images, and an essay by acclaimed British journalist Robin Denselow.

Map
20” X 30” Poster Map exclusively created by the National Geographic Society

Menell, Jo

Palm World: Voices of Mandela

Offering an intimate look at one of the world’s most revered human rights figures from his childhood to his election as South Africa’s first black president, the feature-length film produced by Jonathan Demme was nominated for the 1997 Academy Award for Best Documentary. A 26-track CD soundtrack includes South African legends Hugh Masekela, Johnny Clegg & Saluki, Vusi Mahlasela, The Manhattan Brothers, Brenda Fassie and many more. The 48-page book and National Geographic Map chronicle the political and cultural history of South Africa.

Palm World Voices: Mandela includes:

48-page Book
Telling the compelling story of the extraordinary life of Nelson Mandela is a beautiful, 48-page book filled with dozens of photos and art images, and an essay by acclaimed British journalist Robin Denselow.

20” X 30” Poster Map exclusively created by the National Geographic Society

About Palm World Voices
Exploring contemporary music and culture from musically rich areas of the globe, each release in the Palm World Voices series features a 60 minute DVD of music and beautiful contextual footage, a full-length CD, an essay booklet filled with history and information on each region, and an exclusively-designed 20” x 30” poster map created by The National Geographic Society to enhance the visual knowledge of the region.
Palm World Voices: Mandela

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You’re Gonna Miss Me - Roky Erickson’s story

DVD: Mandela: Son of Africa, Father of a Nation

A Captivating view of the indomitable spirit if one of the world’s most fascinating figures, this full-length documentary follows Nelson Mandela from his early days and tribal education to his election as South Africa’s first black president. Providing insights into his early life, the film takes us through Mandela’s childhood, adolescence, career in law and first marriage. Mandela is an absorbing look at the courageous life, tribulations and fortitude of Mandela the leader, while never forgetting the engaging and charismatic spirit of Mandela the man. Film features exclusive interviews and narration from Mandela himself.

Directed by Jo Menell and Angus Gibson and produced by Jonathan Demme, Edward Saxon and Jo Menell.

Total Run Time: 118 minutes

Menell, Jo

G. Robert Vincent Voice Library

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on ABC, CBS, CNN, C-Span and PBS. Includes:
FW De Klerk's announcement of the release of Nelson Mandela from prison. Reactions by US political leaders to the news of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Interviews with Makaziwe Mandela, Sydney Mufamadi, Patrick Lekota and the others, at the time when journalists await the release of Mandela from Victor Verster Prison.
Speeches delivered by Nelson Mandela to supporters in Cape Town and Soweto, after his release.
The conferment of the Freedom of the City of New York to Nelson Mandela by Mayor David Dinkins.
Mandela's speeches to joint sessions of the US Congress, and to the United Nations Security Council.
Mandela's visit to the White House after his election as the first democratically elected President of South Africa.
An interview with Nelson Mandela conducted prior to his arrest and imprisonment. Mandela talking about his 27 years of imprisonment.

ABC

The Treason Trial and other Trials

The Treason Trial. The State versus F Adams and others. In Special Criminal Court constituted in terms of government no. 1701 of 1958. The collection includes the Proceedings 1959 - 1961 (sixty-one volumes) Exhibits 1960 (three volumes)Reasons for Judgment 1961 (four volumes).

Umhlobo Wenene

Records of the State vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others (Walter Sisulu, Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Ahmed Kathrada, Lionel Bernstein, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor, Elias Motsoaledi and Andrew Mlangeni).

Nelson Mandela Trial

Trial of Nelson Mandela, State versus Nelson Mandela, October 1962, in the Magistrate's Court for the regional division of Transvaal, Pretoria.

Supreme Court of South Africa

The Treason Trial and other Trials

Rivonia Trial. The State versus Nelson Mandela and nine others, in the Supreme Court of South Africa Transvaal Provincial Division. The collection includes the Indictment; Annexure and Opening address; State's Concluding Address (part 1 to 4); and Judgment and Sentence.

Supreme Court of South Africa

African National Congress records in Tanzania

Liberation Movement ANC, Underground movement, Death of Chief Luthuli mentions political prisoners including Nelson Mandela, Speeches by Alfred Nzo. NEC report Morogoro 1969.

African National Congress (ANC)

African National Congress records in Tanzania

Records of the African National Congress ( South Africa) the records are held by the Tanzanian Military Museum. Detailed biography of Nelson Mandela, Birth date, Studies, Youth league - Volunteers, Treason trial, Prison, Release. Keynote address of Nelson Mandela, Negotiations
Umkhonto we Sizwe Statement.

African Liberation Committee

African National Congress records in Tanzania

African National Congress (SA). Proceedings of the ANC 48th National Conference 1991. Statement of the deputy president of the African National Congress at the opening of the ANC National Conference July 1991. Strategy and tactics document. Rebuilding the organisation- document. Closing address of Nelson Mandela

African National Congress (ANC)

African National Congress records in Tanzania

Missions and establishment of foreign representation of ANC in Tanzania for South African Freedom fighter on behalf of the oppressed people. 1961. Alfred Nzo statement to the OAU 6 June mentions Nelson Mandela 1963. Correspondence to the OAU liberation committee 1964. Statement to the OAU coordinating committee 1966. Bantustans and the meaning of Verwoerd's Bantustans. Press release to Mandela by I.B. Tabata addressing the society of young Africans. APDUSA report 1967. Correspondence on the South African freedom fighters by HIA Ugwa 1967. Correspondence with ANC- PAC 1967. Correspondence to Mbele from the OAU liberation committee 1971. A clarion call on all South Africans on a united struggle : South African refugee. Memorandum from the South African freedom fighters to Hon Manana- Presidents personal assistant state house - Dar es Salaam
Cancellation of the united front 1974.

African National Congress (ANC)

Tanzania Military Museum

Correspondence on the Unity movement of South Africa 1982. OAU liberation committee correspondence reference made to Mr. Nelson Mandela 1969- 1979.

African Liberation Committee

Voices from Robben Island

16 mm Film with separated sound, unedited footage of interviews with former Robben Island prisoners. The footage used in the making of the documentary, "Voices from Robben Island." Interviewees include Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada, Andrew Mlangeni, Govan Mbeki, Mac Maharaj, Neville Alexander, Eddie Daniels Kwedie Mkallipi, Jacob Zuma, Seth Mazibuko, Terror Lekota, James Gregory, Mike Green, Sisulu's and Mlangenis visiting the island,Wild Sounds buzz, Wedding cake, Maqoma burial, and Steve Tshwete. Also includes scenes of prison life on Robben Island, and interviews with warders.

Schadeberg, Jürgen

World Bank Group Archives Photographic Collection

A collection of images of Nelson Mandela's visit to the World Bank and his meeting with World Bank President Lewis T. Preston and other officials in 1991, as well as an image of Nelson Mandela with World Bank President James D. Wolfensohn during a visit in 1999/2000.

World Bank

California Lavender Smokefree Project

Collection of materials consists mainly of periodical articles about the social effects of tobacco.
Includes an article entitled, "Nelson Mandela: Marlboro Man."

California Lavender Smokefree Project

Wits Convocation

A biographical file that includes documentation concerning Nelson Mandela's nomination for chancellorship of the University of the Witwatersrand in 1982. There are forms signed by the nominees, as well as an acceptance of the nomination, signed by Mr. Nelson Mandela.

University of the Witwatersrand

Amina Cachalia- Interview

Video recorded interview with Amina Cachalia, in which she discusses her political life and work in South Africa. Subjects covered in the interview include:
Mrs. Cachalia's early political involvement. The founding of the Federation of South African Women, the women involved and its activities. The historic women's anti-pass march to the Union Buildings in Pretoria, 1956. The Federation of Transvaal Women and its leaders. The work of Albertina Sisulu. The work of the South African Indian Congress. Mrs. Cachalia's involvement in the 1952 Defiance Campaign, her imprisonment and subsequent banning.
Friendship with Nelson Mandela, and the visit of Amina and Yusuf Cachalia to Nelson Mandela, 1988

Taitt-Mugubane, A. Leonora

Nelson Mandela Speeches and writings

Articles by Nelson Mandela on the defiance campaign 1952 - 1956. Leaflets issued by the National Action Council calling for a nationwide stay away. April - May 1961. Letter by Nelson Mandela to Sir De Villiers Graaf leader of the white opposition - United party. 23 may 1961 Message from Nelson Mandela to the second national conference 16 June 1985

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Albie, Sachs

ANC, CODESA, Bill of Rights, personal legal cases 1956-1965, regulations used in preparing cases, documents re Defence and Aid Fund, publications Treason trial defence fund press summary.
Albie Sachs Papers and publication

Sachs, Albert Louis

Office of International Academic Affairs (University of Michigan)

Photographs and video footage of a twelve-day visit to South Africa by a University of Michigan delegation in September 1991. Includes photographs of Nelson Mandela being presented with an honorary Doctor of Laws degree by the Michigan delegation.
The degree was originally awarded in absentia in 1987.

University of Michigan, Office of International Academic Affairs

Nelson Mandela Presidential Gifts

Collection of gifts and awards presented to Nelson Mandela during his tenure as the first democratically elected President of South Africa. The collection includes gifts from Heads of State, well-known personalities, and ordinary citizens from across the world.
There are gifts from former US President Bill Clinton, current US President George W. Bush, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, and the late Yasser Arafat. There are gifts from children ranging between the ages of 3 and 18 from across the world, as well from former anti-apartheid activists. The awards include honorary fellowships, Freedom of the City awards, honorary citizenships, honorary degrees, peace and human rights awards, literary awards, media awards and orders of merit from more than 50 countries around the world. Amongst these are the Nobel Peace Prize, one of thirteen existing facsimiles of the Salisbury Magna Carta, and the Official Presidential Medallion commemorating President Nelson Mandela’s inauguration in 1994.

South African Government Presidency

Capital District Coalition Against Apartheid and Racism records

Collection includes a series of ANC documents created between 1989 and 1994. Subjects covered are procedures for drawing up a new constitution for South Africa, the Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA) talks, the ANC's proposed economic policy for South Africa, and the lifting of sanctions against South Africa. This includes a statement by Nelson Mandela, dated July 2 -7-1991.

Capital District Coalition Against Apartheid and Racism

African Poster Collection

Collection of Nelson Mandela posters, most of which were produced by international anti-apartheid organisations. The posters cover campaigns for the release of Nelson Mandela and all South African political prisoners, Nelson Mandela birthday tributes, as well as profiles of the Rivonia Trialists. The collection also includes ANC election campaign posters.

Mandela/Machel: Honorary Doctorate Ceremony

Program, Ceremony on Screen tickets, Song Lyric.
CD: Tribute song, "Turn This World Around" written and performed by Raff. Theatre tickets and Access badge. Display Board (1.22 m x 2.44 m [4' x 8']: Nelson Mandela/Graca Machel. (Oversize) Videocassette: Ceremony. Brochure.
Special clippings report (selection of media coverage from Canadian newspapers)

University Advancement Office

John B. Lee fonds

The sub series contains records concerning the Honorary Doctorate of Laws awarded to Nelson Mandela on the 17 November 2001. Included are the following items:
Series 1 contains correspondence with Salvatore Ala, Laurie Allan, Margaret Alison, Roger Bell Carousel, Mayor, Municipality of Chatham-Kent, Rienzi Cruz, Denis De Klerk, James Deahl, Marty Gervais, Richard M. (Tai) Grove, Michael Henderson, James Lipton [outgoing], Les Murray, Nelson Mandela Foundation, Penumbra Press, Public Lending Right Commission, Erin Smith, Richard Stevenson, Desmond Tutu, and George Whipple.

Lee, John B.

African National Congress Video Unit

African National Congress
Footage on Nelson Mandela, s travels throughout the world after his release from prison -dates from 1990- 1997.

African National Congress (ANC) Video Unit

African National Congress records in Tanzania

Memorandum by Duma Nokwe
Statement made by Duma Nokwe to the liberation committee mentions Nelson Mandela ( 22 June 1963) ANC statement on the "freedom fighters " -Statement made by Duma Nokwe on the Freedom fighters and the others ( 1964). Memorandum by Duma Nokwe on the military 22 June 1963. Duma Nokwe statement to the coordination committee 22 June 1963. Newspaper article on The Nationalist 21 April 1964 (court proceedings). Duma Nokwe correspondence to Tennyson Makiwane 1964 -Report on the 4thn session of the African liberation committee by Duma Nokwe 1964. J. J. Hadebe statement on Arusha 1963. Correspondence with the liberation Committee Mzwai Piliso, O.R. Tambo, Mendi Msimang 1968. Alfred Nzo NEC report on the Morogoro conference 1969. ANC Correspondence with Hashim Mbita 1986-1987. ANC Correspondence 1982-1983

African National Congress (ANC)

Nelson Mandela

Television pictures of Nelson Mandela, the jailed South African nationalist leader, taken on the 13 February 1986.These were taken by an American camera crew at Medipark Clinic in Cape Town where Mandela was being taken for a medical check up.

Winnie Mandela

Winnie Mandela, wife of the jailed ANC leader and comments on what she stands for - Interview

Mrs. Mandela Winnie Mandela on husbands 'sentence

British members of Parliament taking part in the campaign to mobilise world opinion over the sentence of Nelson Mandela in South Africa. Petition with 91000 signatures from groups representing 258 million people in 29 countries calling for the release of all South African political prisoners. In South Africa Mrs. Mandela spoke about her husband, Nelson Mandela, the leader of the banned African National Congress who is imprisoned for life with seven others. 15 June 1964

Palace of Justice as verdict on Mandela and others is given

All eight men found guilty in South Africa's sabotage trial were sentenced to life imprisonment. Nelson Mandela the 46 year old former chief of banned African National Congress and the other seven were found guilty of sabotage and plotting to overthrow the government. Mr. Justice Quartus De Wet pronounced the guilt of eight men. A crowd of some 500 people stood silently outside the court as police stood ready to quell disturbances. In the crowd were Nelson Mandela 's wife Winnie and Mrs. Sisulu. Mrs. Mandela was allowed into the court after an argument with a police officer. When she came outside she explained to the Africans waiting outside, that the sentences would be announced on that day. When the crowd heard the verdict they raised their fists. The sign of Amandla the African National Congress party and chanted- 12 June 1962

Edinburg: Commonwealth leaders meeting/ Lockerbie trial

Commonwealth leaders meeting / Lockerbie trial : Nelson Mandela has caused a controversy by siding with Colonel Gaddafi in the diplomatic wrangle over how to bring the Lockerbie bombers to justice. He has called for a fair trial in a neutral country for the two Libyans accuses of the attack.

Nelson Mandela: State Visit

Nelson Mandela's arrived in Britain for a four day state visit. The visit was designed to persuade business to invest in South Africa

Nelson Mandela Parliament Speech

Opening session of the South African Parliament 17-02-1995. President Mandela said government money was not limitless and that care has to be taken. He warned anarchists that they would not be tolerated.

Mandela- Elections

The African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela has alleged that widespread sabotage is taking place in the current election. Polling stations in areas predominated by black voters have run out of ballot papers and voting has been extended for an extra day.

Nelson Mandela Campaign

African National Congress leader has gone on a campaign trial in Natal ahead of the elections that begins on the 26-04-1994.

South Africa: Internations Mediation Fails

Mediators Lord Carrington and Henry Kissinger today admitted defeat in their attempts to get Inkatha to take part in the forthcoming elections. Both the ANC and the government insisted that there could be no discussion of Inkatha ' s demands that the elections date be delayed. The news comes on the day that the ANC president Nelson Mandela and President De Klerk have been appearing in their one and only television debate on how parties are waging their election campaigns.
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