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Mandela and seven colleagues imprisoned

Nelson Mandela and seven colleagues face life imprisonment in South Africa." That's the fate of eight African National Congress leaders, tried for 221 acts of sabotage designed to violently overthrow South Africa's apartheid government. The trial lasted eight months and attracted worldwide attention. In this 1964 radio report from CBC National News, reporter Patrick Keatley is in London to explain why the defendants likely avoided a death sentence.

Nelson Mandela and seven colleagues face life imprisonment in South Africa." The eight African National Congress leaders, tried for 221 acts of sabotage designed to violently overthrow South Africa's apartheid government. The trial lasted eight months and attracted worldwide attention. In this 1964 radio report from CBC National News, reporter Patrick Keatley is in London to explain why the defendants likely avoided a death sentence. "The sentence of life imprisonment is a deft stroke by the nationalist government," he concludes. "Certainly it thrusts aside some of the tremendous world horror and political pressure which otherwise would have immediately built up against South Africa."
Mandela and seven colleagues imprisoned
The Rivonia trial was named after the suburb of Johannesburg where 19 African National Congress leaders were arrested at Liliesleaf Farm on July 11, 1963. Mandela was already in custody, having been sentenced to five years in prison in October 1962 for inciting a workers' strike a year earlier.
• At Liliesleaf, the South African government discovered documents belonging to the group Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), a military wing of the ANC. They described plans for attack and guerrilla warfare.
• Several ANC leaders used Liliesleaf as a hideout, and Nelson Mandela himself moved there in 1961. Using the name David Motsamayi (meaning "the walker") he evaded police by masquerading as a cook and gardener. The farm was owned by co-defendant Arthur Golderich, a South African abstract painter and a key figure in the anti-apartheid movement.
• In addition to Mandela, the other ANC leaders charged were Walter Sisulu, Govan Mbeki, Raymond Mhlaba, Andrew Mlangeni, Elias Motsoaledi, Ahmed Kathrada, Billy Nair, Denis Goldberg, Lionel "Rusty" Bernstein, Bob Hepple, Harold Wolpe, James "Jimmy" Kantor and Golderich.
• This CBC Radio clip notes that six of the defendants were black, but this appears to be incorrect. Goldberg, Bernstein, Hepple and Golderich were white Jews, while Nair and Kathrada were Indian. This leaves five men - Mandela, Sisulu, Mbeki, Motsoaledi and Mhlaba - who were black
• Those found guilty on all four counts were Mandela, Sisulu, Mbeki, Motsoaledi, Mlangeni, Goldberg and Mhlaba. Kathrada was found guilty on one count of conspiracy. Bernstein was acquitted but was rearrested, released on bail and placed under house arrest. He later fled the country.
• Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd (mentioned in this clip as Dr. Verwoerd) was prime minister of South Africa from 1958 until his assassination in 1966. He is called the "Architect of Apartheid" because he broadened existing policies that restricted the black Bantu African nationals' mobility while he was minister of native affairs in the early 1950s. In September 1966, he was stabbed four times in the chest by a uniformed parliamentary messenger names Dmitri Tsafendas. The motive for the murder was unclear.

CBC National News

Nelson Mandela Children's Fund (Canada) fonds

Records of the Nelson Mandela Children's fund and its predecessor the Canadian Friends of the Nelson Mandela Children's fund (NMCF) The record date from 1998 to the closure of the office in 2011. The documents consists of textual record s,photographs, sound and images and electronic records documenting the work of the NMCF.

Nelson Mandela Childrens Fund (NMCF)

Mandela: The Living Legend

This two-part documentary series stands as the definitive film biography of Nelson Mandela. Each program meticulously chronicles his powerful story through archival footage and exclusive interviews, while unprecedented access to Mandela offers an intimate look into his life today. Friends and world leaders interviewed include former President Bill Clinton, Fidel Castro, and Archbishop Desmond Tutu. A BBCW Production. 2-part series, 51 minutes each.

BBC Press Office

Archbishop Trevor Huddleston

Trevor Huddleston collection includes correspondence on Nelson Mandela, speeches, addresses, newspaper cuttings , Free Mandela Campaigns and 1990 concert . Celebration of the Nelson Mandela's 70th birthday held at Wembley Stadium. Includes correspondence and papers relating to a service celebrating the release of Nelson Mandela (broadcast February 1990).
Audio visual collection, metering on the inauguration of Nelson Mandela. BBC program on Nelson Mandela as president of South Africa.

Huddleston, Trevor

G. Robert Vincent Voice Library

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on ABC, CBS, CNN, C-Span and PBS. Includes:
FW De Klerk's announcement of the release of Nelson Mandela from prison. Reactions by US political leaders to the news of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Interviews with Makaziwe Mandela, Sydney Mufamadi, Patrick Lekota and the others, at the time when journalists await the release of Mandela from Victor Verster Prison.
Speeches delivered by Nelson Mandela to supporters in Cape Town and Soweto, after his release.
The conferment of the Freedom of the City of New York to Nelson Mandela by Mayor David Dinkins.
Mandela's speeches to joint sessions of the US Congress, and to the United Nations Security Council.
Mandela's visit to the White House after his election as the first democratically elected President of South Africa.
An interview with Nelson Mandela conducted prior to his arrest and imprisonment. Mandela talking about his 27 years of imprisonment.

ABC

Voices from Robben Island

16 mm Film with separated sound, unedited footage of interviews with former Robben Island prisoners. The footage used in the making of the documentary, "Voices from Robben Island." Interviewees include Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada, Andrew Mlangeni, Govan Mbeki, Mac Maharaj, Neville Alexander, Eddie Daniels Kwedie Mkallipi, Jacob Zuma, Seth Mazibuko, Terror Lekota, James Gregory, Mike Green, Sisulu's and Mlangenis visiting the island,Wild Sounds buzz, Wedding cake, Maqoma burial, and Steve Tshwete. Also includes scenes of prison life on Robben Island, and interviews with warders.

Schadeberg, Jürgen

Amina Cachalia- Interview

Video recorded interview with Amina Cachalia, in which she discusses her political life and work in South Africa. Subjects covered in the interview include:
Mrs. Cachalia's early political involvement. The founding of the Federation of South African Women, the women involved and its activities. The historic women's anti-pass march to the Union Buildings in Pretoria, 1956. The Federation of Transvaal Women and its leaders. The work of Albertina Sisulu. The work of the South African Indian Congress. Mrs. Cachalia's involvement in the 1952 Defiance Campaign, her imprisonment and subsequent banning.
Friendship with Nelson Mandela, and the visit of Amina and Yusuf Cachalia to Nelson Mandela, 1988

Taitt-Mugubane, A. Leonora

Mandela/Machel: Honorary Doctorate Ceremony

Program, Ceremony on Screen tickets, Song Lyric.
CD: Tribute song, "Turn This World Around" written and performed by Raff. Theatre tickets and Access badge. Display Board (1.22 m x 2.44 m [4' x 8']: Nelson Mandela/Graca Machel. (Oversize) Videocassette: Ceremony. Brochure.
Special clippings report (selection of media coverage from Canadian newspapers)

University Advancement Office

African National Congress Video Unit

African National Congress
Footage on Nelson Mandela, s travels throughout the world after his release from prison -dates from 1990- 1997.

African National Congress (ANC) Video Unit

Nelson Mandela

Television pictures of Nelson Mandela, the jailed South African nationalist leader, taken on the 13 February 1986.These were taken by an American camera crew at Medipark Clinic in Cape Town where Mandela was being taken for a medical check up.

Winnie Mandela

Winnie Mandela, wife of the jailed ANC leader and comments on what she stands for - Interview

Mrs. Mandela Winnie Mandela on husbands 'sentence

British members of Parliament taking part in the campaign to mobilise world opinion over the sentence of Nelson Mandela in South Africa. Petition with 91000 signatures from groups representing 258 million people in 29 countries calling for the release of all South African political prisoners. In South Africa Mrs. Mandela spoke about her husband, Nelson Mandela, the leader of the banned African National Congress who is imprisoned for life with seven others. 15 June 1964

Palace of Justice as verdict on Mandela and others is given

All eight men found guilty in South Africa's sabotage trial were sentenced to life imprisonment. Nelson Mandela the 46 year old former chief of banned African National Congress and the other seven were found guilty of sabotage and plotting to overthrow the government. Mr. Justice Quartus De Wet pronounced the guilt of eight men. A crowd of some 500 people stood silently outside the court as police stood ready to quell disturbances. In the crowd were Nelson Mandela 's wife Winnie and Mrs. Sisulu. Mrs. Mandela was allowed into the court after an argument with a police officer. When she came outside she explained to the Africans waiting outside, that the sentences would be announced on that day. When the crowd heard the verdict they raised their fists. The sign of Amandla the African National Congress party and chanted- 12 June 1962

Nelson Mandela: State Visit

Nelson Mandela's arrived in Britain for a four day state visit. The visit was designed to persuade business to invest in South Africa

Mandela- Elections

The African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela has alleged that widespread sabotage is taking place in the current election. Polling stations in areas predominated by black voters have run out of ballot papers and voting has been extended for an extra day.

Nelson Mandela Campaign

African National Congress leader has gone on a campaign trial in Natal ahead of the elections that begins on the 26-04-1994.

South Africa: Internations Mediation Fails

Mediators Lord Carrington and Henry Kissinger today admitted defeat in their attempts to get Inkatha to take part in the forthcoming elections. Both the ANC and the government insisted that there could be no discussion of Inkatha ' s demands that the elections date be delayed. The news comes on the day that the ANC president Nelson Mandela and President De Klerk have been appearing in their one and only television debate on how parties are waging their election campaigns.

Nelson Mandela Inauguration

ANC leader Nelson Mandela inaugurated as the first black president of South Africa on 1--05-1994. The ceremony passed without incident despite a heavy security operation. Britain was represented by the Duke of Edinburg and foreign Sec Douglas Hurd.

Arrivals for the Mandela Trial

Mr. Nelson Mandela former Transvaal president of the banned African National Congress, appeared in court on charges of incitement and leaving South Africa illegally. The trial transferred from Johannesburg to Pretoria on security grounds. The trial was adjourned for a week to give Mr. Mandela time to appoint defense counsel. Mr Mandela was remanded in custody. Mr Mandela was dressed in tribal dress. Attending the trial was his wife, Mrs. Winnie Mandela and his sister, Ms Leabi Mandela. The courtroom packed with supporters of Mr. Mandela, Mr Mandela that his counsel was unable to appear for him because he was confined to Johannesburg under the suppression of Communism act. Mr. Mandela said the sudden transfer of the trial to Pretoria had deprived him of his attorney services. 17 October 1962

Nelson Mandela Compilation

Selection of stories on South African leader Nelson Mandela- comprises of 61 clips with Nelson Mandela in different occasions.

Mandela First Television Interview

Nelson Mandela's first television interview on the 21- 6- 1961. Footage on some black workers defying stay away strike call by Nelson Mandela and going to work.

Naidoo, Neville

Mandela- Buthelezi Meeting

Nelson Mandela president of the ANC and chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi of the Inkatha Freedom Party have agreed of measures to end the violence between their supporters, but they remain split on political issues. They failed to agree on election date for the country's first multiracial elections. The leaders had not met for two years 23-6-1993

Western Province Cricket Board

Nelson Mandela - Happy Birthday

A Live concert from Hyde Park, held to celebrate Nelson Mandela's 90th birthday party.
The live programme is hosted by Phillip Schoffield and features Leona Lewis, Jamelia etc. Backstage interviewing artists as they come off stage, as well as any celebrity passers-by Nelson Mandela, also comes onto the stage to be sung 'Happy Birthday' by the crowd, and makes a speech.

Contributors -
Agape Choir
Amy Winehouse
Andrea Corr
Annie Lennox
Brian May
Eddie Grant
Geri Halliwell
Gordon Brown ( Prime Minister)
Jada Pinkett Smith
Jamelia
Kurt Darran
Leona Lewis
Lewis Hamilton
Loyiso
Queen Featuring Paul Rogers
Quincy Jones
Razor light
Simple Minds
Siphon Mabuse
Soweto Gospel Choir
Stephen Fry
Sugababes
Will Smith

Genre: ENT
ITC class ID:
Running time - minutes: 93
Running time - seconds: 30

Phillip Schofiled

In celebration of Madiba

Mail and Guardian tribute site in celebration of Madiba. The 20 year archive includes speeches, statements, newspaper articles, photographs, video clips, cartoons and ANC related articles.

Nelson Mandela: his life in his own words

Documentary describing the milestones in the life of Nelson Mandela- from his younger days through his political activities for the ANC, his long imprisonment up to the achievement of the Nobel Peace Prize and his nomination to be the first black president of South Africa.

Metrodome Productions

Peter Storey

The collection of correspondence, datebooks, articles, lectures sermons and audio visual material and Newpaper clippings documenting Peter Storey's leadership and active involvement in the Methodist church of Southern Africa, the South African Council of churches the Central Methodist church in Johannesburg, the Truth and reconciliation commission etc. Main subjects include Nelson Mandela and Winnie Mandela, urban ministry, crisis intervention and political violence in South Africa.

Storey, Peter

Nobel peace prize 1993: Nelson Mandela, FW de Klerk

Nobel peace prize 1993 for Nelson Mandela and FW de Klerk. Nelson Mandela and president FW de Klerk. The collection has audio and vide on both Nelson Mandela and FW de Klerk acceptance speeches. The collection also has photos of the event. The Noble foundation mentiones that the policy of reconciliation that Nelson Mandela and FW de Klerk represent provides hope not only for South Africa , it is also a shining example for the world that there are ways out of the vicious circle of violence and bitterness.

Norwergian Nobel committee

Dennis Brutus Collection

Video recorded interview with Nelson Mandela and sound recordings of addresses by Nelson Mandela to the United States Congress and the United Nations General Assembly.

Brutus, Dennis

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CNN and NBC. Includes footage and reports on the following:
Bastille Day in Paris, France commemorating the French Revolution, with scenes of Nelson Mandela visiting France. The death of Princess Diana and President Nelson Mandela’s remembrances of her. A statement by President Mandela at a Commonwealth meeting, supporting Muammar Kadhafi’s position that PAN AM 103-suspected bombers should be tried in a neutral country. Scenes of Prince Charles with President Nelson Mandela during a visit by Prince Charles to South Africa.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN and NBC. Includes footage and reports on Robben Island:
The opening of Robben Island as a national museum and tourist destination, and visits to the Island by Nelson Mandela. The declaration of Robben Island as a national monument by Nelson Mandela. President Bill Clinton’s visit to Robben Island, accompanied by Mr. Nelson Mandela. Millennium celebrations at Robben Island, with Nelson Mandela passing a candle to Thabo Mbeki.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as CBS, CNN, ABC and NBC. Includes footage and reports of honours conferred on Nelson Mandela:
Celebrations in South Africa of the tenth anniversary of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. The awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to Nelson Mandela by US President Bill Clinton. The conferment of an honorary degree on Nelson Mandela by Harvard University. The awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Nelson Mandela and F W De Klerk. A referendum in Boston calling for a separate city encompassing black neighbourhoods. Stevie Wonder’s acceptance of an Oscar award in honour of Nelson Mandela.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, and NBC. Includes footage and reports on Nelson Mandela's health:
Nelson Mandela’s hospitalisation, and Winnie Mandela's attempts to obtain a court order for the family doctor to examine him (1985). The South African government's denial of Nelson Mandela's hospitalisation, despite videotapes to the contrary (1986). Nelson Mandela being diagnosed with tuberculosis, and a message from Nelson Mandela about being hospitalised and health. Predictions of the dire repercussions if Nelson Mandela dies in prison, and calls for release based on health grounds. Winnie and Zindzi Mandela shown leaving the hospital in Cape Town. Comments from the family attorney, Ismail Ayob, and the family doctor, Nthato Motlana (1988). Nelson Mandela’s recovery from minor surgery (1990). Nelson Mandela being diagnosed with prostate cancer (2001).

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, and NBC. Includes footage and reports on the following:
The South African government ban on birthday celebrations honouring Nelson Mandela. Senator Edward Kennedy’s meeting with Winnie Mandela. Nelson Mandela observing his birthday in prison. Riot police breaking up birthday gatherings. Scenes of a celebratory march in London in honour of Nelson Mandela’s 70th birthday. Nelson Mandela's 80th birthday celebrations in South Africa, and the announcement of his marriage to Graca Machel. Birthday tributes to Nelson Mandela on his 85th birthday.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, and NBC. Includes footage and reports on international relations:
Nelson Mandela’s meeting with Pope John Paul II in Rome. Nelson Mandela raising funds in Canada for South African education, and scenes shown talking to Canadian students. Nelson Mandela speaking to the Canadian Parliament, asking for the maintenance of sanctions against South Africa, 1990. Reports of a visit by President Mandela to Israel. A visit by former President Mandela to the Middle East, with scenes shown together with Yasser Arafat. Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide meeting with President Nelson Mandela. Pope John Paul II’s visit to South Africa, and meeting with President Nelson Mandela. A visit by the Taiwanese Foreign Minister John Chang to South Africa, and his meeting with President Mandela. Mandela’s address to the World Conference Against Racism, held in South Africa. Nelson Mandela being presented with an award as one of the extraordinary world figures of the 20th century.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
The possibility of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Calls for Mandela's release from prison, including calls made by the US Secretary of State George Shultz, the US National Security Advisor Robert McFarlane, and white South African business leaders. PW Botha’s insistence on conditions for Mandela's release. Commentary by Allan Boesak on the "political necessity" of Nelson Mandela's release. Nelson Mandela’s refusal of the offer of conditional release, and his response read on his behalf by his daughter, Zindzi, to a mass gathering in Soweto. The possibility of Nelson Mandela being freed for exile in Zambia. Possible conditions of Nelson Mandela’s release, said to include a prisoner exchange with Angola for South African commando Wynand Du Toit, and freedom for Russian prisoners Andrei Sakharov and Anatoly Shcharansky. The release of Govan Mbeki, Zephania Mothopeng and Harry Gwala and possible implications for Nelson Mandela’s release. The release of Walter Sisulu and six other anti-apartheid leaders, and the implications of this for Nelson Mandela’s release.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on news channels such as CNN, NBC, ABC, CBS and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on South Africa's transition to democracy:
Talks between Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk about the terms for a democratic election in South Africa, both prior to and after Mandela’s release from prison. De Klerk’s offer to negotiate with the African National Congress (ANC) if it would renounce violence. The statement by Nelson Mandela in 1989, urging the government to negotiate with the ANC Reactions inside South Africa to the 1989 meeting between Nelson Mandela and PW Botha, with commentary from Helen Suzman, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Ismail Ayob and Reverend Frank Chikane. Talks about power sharing between the ANC and the apartheid government. The ANC's suspension of armed struggle, following talks with the South African government. Nelson Mandela being urged by De Klerk to drop the South African Communist Party (SACP) leader Joe Slovo, from the ANC negotiating team. A statement from De Klerk that he will reject ANC demands for outright majority rule. The possibility of peace talks between Nelson Mandela and Mangosuthu Buthelezi, and Buthelezi’s reactions to agreements made between Nelson Mandela and De Klerk. Strains in the relationship between the ANC and the South African government because of continuing political violence. Scenes of political violence such as the Boipatong Massacre (1992) and conflict between Inkatha and the ANC. The ANC’s announcement to withdraw from negotiations, and the resumption of talks. The broader political situation in South Africa.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
The Anti-Apartheid struggle being waged by the African National Congress (ANC), and Nelson Mandela's role. The history of the ANC and Nelson Mandela’s early leadership role. Nelson Mandela’s role in the development of the Freedom Charter.
Scenes of Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo attending the first ANC national conference held in South Africa after the ANC unbanning. A statement by Mangosuthu Buthelezi about Nelson Mandela’s position on the use of violence as a political means. Anti-apartheid speeches made by Nelson Mandela in the immediate aftermath of his release from prison. Commentary by Nelson Mandela on malpractices of the ANC in prison camps in exile. The election of Nelson Mandela as the ANC Deputy President. Nelson Mandela travelling to Zambia to meet with the ANC leadership there, soon after his release from prison. Nelson Mandela meeting Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) leader, Yasser Arafat, and Zambian President, Kenneth Kaunda. Interviews by Ted Koppel with Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela’s call for the continuation of economic sanctions against South Africa, at the ANC national conference, 1991. Nelson Mandela's election to the presidency of the ANC. Nelson Mandela leading marches in Soweto and Pretoria, as part of an ANC mass action campaign. Nelson Mandela attending the funerals of five assassinated ANC activists. The election of Nelson Mandela’s successor to the ANC presidency. The ANC's suspension of armed struggle.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on news channels such as CNN, NBC, ABC, CBS and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on political violence in South Africa in the early 1990s period:
The threat to political stability in South Africa from right wing Afrikaners and Inkatha. Inkatha reportedly blocking Nelson Mandela and a peace delegation from entering Thokoza township. Details of conflict between African National Congress (ANC) and Inkatha supporters. Nelson Mandela campaigning for the first democratic elections in the strife-torn areas of Kwa- Zulu-Natal. Living conditions and political / pre-election violence in the KwaZulu-Natal region. The opposition of Inkatha leaders, King Goodwill Zwelithini and Mangosuthu Buthelezi, to the 1994 election. Emergency meetings held between Nelson Mandela, FW De Klerk, King Goodwill Zwelethini and Mangosuthu Buthelezi. The declaration of a State of Emergency in KwaZulu-Natal. The Inkatha march through the streets of central Johannesburg, which ended in a street battle with ANC supporters. Comments by Nelson Mandela on an investigatory report that white police in South Africa were supporting violence against the ANC by Inkatha. Comments by Nelson Mandela on deaths in Bophuthatswana following violence in the region. Violence in the townships of Alexandra, Tembisa, Thokoza, Phola Park, Swannieville, Sebokeng, Kwa- Thema and Katlehong, and visits by Nelson Mandela to townships in an attempt to stop the violence. The storming of the World Trade Centre in Johannesburg by white extremists, the site of negotiations on ending apartheid. Meetings between Nelson Mandela and Buthelezi. The assassination of ANC leader, Chris Hani, and police investigations of right wing plots to murder Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela and Joe Slovo. The Boipatong massacre in the Ciskei, and tributes by Nelson Mandela to the victims of the massacre.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports covering the impending and actual release of Nelson Mandela from prison:
Winnie Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Dullah Omar, Allan Boesak and Archbishop Desmond Tutu talking about the impending release of Nelson Mandela. Comments from Pik Botha, Foreign Affairs Minister. Pressure being placed on the South African government by anti-apartheid lobby groups for Nelson Mandela’s release. Meetings between Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk in which the issue of Nelson Mandela’s possible release was discussed. F W De Klerk’s announcement in Parliament of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Nelson Mandela’s first moments of freedom after spending 27 years in prison, and his speech at a welcome home rally held on the Grand Parade in Cape Town. Celebrations across South Africa. The reactions of South African and international leaders, across the political spectrum, to the news of Nelson Mandela’s release from prison. Celebrations on subsequent anniversaries of Nelson Mandela’s release.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on:
Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu’s long-term political imprisonment. The possibility of the release of Govan Mbeki, Nelson Mandela’s fellow comrade, Rivonia Trials and political prisoner. Moving of Nelson Mandela to Victor Verster Prison. Visits to Nelson Mandela by Winnie Mandela and other family members. The possible role played by the CIA in Nelson Mandela’s 1962 arrest. Nelson Mandela talking to television reporters about his prison years. A recording of Nelson Mandela’s Statement from the Dock at the Rivonia Trial.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
South Africa's first democratic elections. A statement from Nelson Mandela about setting a date for first democratic the elections. An offer of compromise by Nelson Mandela to groups campaigning against the elections. An agreement by Nelson Mandela and Mangosuthu Buthelezi to pursue international arbitration to resolve their differences around the elections. Scenes of Nelson Mandela campaigning in the former ‘homeland’ of Bophuthatswana, and in other provinces of South Africa. An African National Congress (ANC) election campaign rally held on the 34th anniversary of the Sharpeville massacre. Election debates between Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk. Calls made by Nelson Mandela for peace, at the height of pre-election violence.
The roles of Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk in South Africa’s political transition. The fears of the white right wing and the Inkatha Freedom Party, of an ANC-controlled government. Assurances from Nelson Mandela to the South African stock exchange of economic stability in the event of an ANC election victory. Nelson Mandela’s prediction of a landslide victory for the ANC in the 1994 elections. Election campaign scenes shown from strife-torn areas, and comments by Nelson Mandela on the violence. Scenes shown from Soweto on the first day of voting, with people queuing to vote. An interview with Nelson Mandela about expected changes after the elections. Scenes of Nelson Mandela casting his vote. Nelson Mandela’s announcement that there will be a Government of National Unity. Comments by Nelson Mandela on meeting the expectations of both black and white South Africans after the elections. Comments from Pallo Jordan on how a Nelson Mandela-presidency will benefit the poor. Scenes shown of the ballots being counted, and Nelson Mandela’s reaction to the election results. The official results of the elections, with an ANC victory. Nelson Mandela’s inauguration ceremony as the first democratically elected President of South Africa. Scenes of celebrations in South Africa. Nelson Mandela’s allocation of a cabinet seat to Mangosuthu Buthelezi.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
Nelson Mandela's relations with African countries. International condemnation of South African apartheid government raids against Zambia, Zimbabwe and Botswana. Nelson Mandela’s attendance of independence celebrations in Namibia. The execution of nine Nigerian political activists, including Ken Saro-Wiwa, condemned by Nelson Mandela and other world leaders. A meeting of African leaders, including Nelson Mandela, in Kenya to discuss the Rwandan Refugee Crisis.
The role of South Africa and the United States in peace talks in Zaire. Scenes of Nelson Mandela with Zairean rebel leader, Laurent Kabila.
An invitation from President Mandela for the Zairean President, Mobutu Sese Seko to meet with rebel leader, Laurent Kabila. Kabila’s decision to withdraw from peace talks. Comments by Nelson Mandela on the talks and scenes from the meeting. A request by Nelson Mandela for US military support for peacekeeping in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). A visit by Nelson Mandela to Libya, showing scenes of him with Libyan leader, Muammar Gadhaffi. Nelson Mandela’s role as mediator in the Burundi crisis, and visits to the United Nations to discuss the crisis. Scenes of Nelson Mandela as facilitator in peace meetings relating to the Burundi crisis. An appeal by Nelson Mandela for the release of four journalists who were arrested in Liberia.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on Nelson Mandela's political imprisonment:
Reports on Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu. The possibility of Govan Mbeki being released from prison. Nelson Mandela's relocation to Victor Verster Prison. Visits to Nelson Mandela by Winnie Mandela and other family members. The possible role played by the Central Intelligence Agency in the Nelson Mandela’s 1962 arrest. Interviews with Nelson Mandela about his prison years. A recording of Nelson Mandela’ statement from the Dock at the Rivonia Trial.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
Reports of the Reagan Administration’s support of the release of Nelson Mandela from prison. President Reagan’s attitude towards Nelson Mandela and his views on negotiations with the African National Congress (ANC). Senator Edward Kennedy’s tour of South Africa, which included a meeting with Winnie Mandela. A report that the CIA was instrumental in Nelson Mandela’s arrest. Oliver Tambo and Nelson Mandela as leaders of the ANC. US Congress delegation visit to South Africa, and meeting with Foreign Minister Pik Botha, and their request to visit Nelson Mandela not permitted. The impact of economic sanctions against South Africa, with Nelson Mandela mentioned. US Secretary of State George Shultz’s visit to South Africa, and an explanation by him on US policy towards South Africa, including a demand for the release of Nelson Mandela. Anti-apartheid demonstrations in New York, with calls for the release of Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela’s visit to the US after his release from prison. Nelson Mandela reported as being inspired by the American ideal.
The amount of money raised for the ANC during Mandela’s US visit. Visits by Nelson Mandela to Oakland, Los Angeles, Miami, Atlanta, Boston and New York City. Nelson Mandela addressing the US Congress. The meeting of Nelson Mandela with President Bush at the White House, and reportedly urging President Bush to maintain economic sanctions against South Africa. Remarks by Nelson Mandela about Libyan leader Muammar Kadhafi, Palestinian Liberation Organisation Leader Yasser Arafat and Cuban leader Fidel Castro. Senator Edward Kennedy with Nelson Mandela. People commenting on what Nelson Mandela symbolises. The meeting of Nelson Mandela with Secretary of State James Baker and other national leaders.
Comments by George Bush on Nelson Mandela's release from prison. A celebration of Independence Day in the US, where President Bill Clinton awards medals to Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk. Nelson Mandela speaking about the challenge in Africa for the US. Statements by President Mandela and President Clinton during Nelson Mandela’s first official visit to the US and the welcoming ceremony at the White House. President Nelson Mandela’s address to a joint session of Congress. Mandela’s meeting with Louis Farrakhan US Vice President Al Gore’s visit to South Africa, and his meeting with Nelson Mandela. Hillary Clinton’s visit to South Africa with scenes shown from Robben Island. Bill Clinton’s visit to South Africa, and his meetings with Nelson Mandela. The White House reception held for Nelson Mandela in the latter part of his Presidency. The awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to Nelson Mandela by Clinton. A statement by Mandela that Muammar el-Kadhafi has promised to turn over the suspects in the bombing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. Nelson Mandela commenting on the relationship between the US and Iraq, saying that no country should be allowed to take the law into their own hands. Statements by Nelson Mandela that President Bush is undermining the United Nations.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
The Mandela family. The arrest of Winnie Mandela for contravening her banning orders by returning to her house in Soweto. Visits by Winnie Mandela to Nelson Mandela in prison. The funeral of one of Nelson Mandela’s cousins in the Transkei. Winnie Mandela reported to have won the legal battle to have government bans on her lifted. The attack on the Mandela house in Soweto, with comments from Reverend Frank Chikane. The Mandela United Football Club, acting as bodyguards for Winnie Mandela. Nelson Mandela’s advice to Winnie Mandela about the kidnapping charges against her. Rumours of a rift between Nelson and Winnie Mandela. Nelson Mandela shown accompanying Winnie Mandela to court. A guilty verdict against Winnie Mandela and her sentencing. The announcement that Nelson and Winnie Mandela are separating. The reaction of Nelson and Winnie Mandela to the reduction of her prison sentence by the appeal court. Nelson Mandela moving out of Soweto into a Johannesburg suburb. A raid on the home of Winnie Mandela as part of a campaign against government corruption, and Nelson Mandela reportedly firing Winnie Mandela from the cabinet. The marital divorce of Nelson and Winnie Mandela. Scenes of Nelson Mandela’s sister-in-law tending her cornfields. Nelson Mandela’s relationship with Graca Machel. The wedding of Nelson Mandela and Graca Machel. The death of Nelson Mandela’s son, Makgatho Mandela, because of AIDS.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBS and NBC. Includes footage and reports on:
The preparations for the mass march to Pollsmoor Prison in Cape Town, where Nelson Mandela was being held as prisoner at the time. The anticipation of police violence and mass arrests at the march. Police warnings against the march. The decline in the South African economy attributed to the planned march. The arrest of Reverend Allan Boesak, one of the key march organizers and international condemnation of his arrest. Police brutality on the day of the march.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CNN and NBC. Includes footage and reports on the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission:
Nelson Mandela's acceptance of the final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and his comments on the future. A plan to assassinate Nelson Mandela by Daan Goosen, using biological weapons. FW De Klerk's apology to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission for the Apartheid regime, in which he recalled the release of Nelson Mandela. The initial proposal by Nelson Mandela to set up a Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CNN and NBC. Includes footage and reports on the following:
Nelson Mandela's retirement from the South African government. Nelson Mandela’s retirement as President of the African National Congress (ANC) at the ANC's annual congress. Nelson Mandela’s last State of the Nation address, as South African President. The views of Nadine Gordimer and Archbishop Desmond Tutu on Nelson Mandela’s contribution to the South African nation.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as NBC, CNN and ABC. Includes footage and reports on sporting events and occasions:
Nelson Mandela's return to Robben Island for the Olympic torch relay (2004). Nelson Mandela's being called to testify in court concerning allegations of racism and corruption in the South African Rugby Football Union (1998). Mandela's support for the Cape Town Olympic Bid (2004). Scenes from South Africa's hosting of the 1996 rugby world cup, and Nelson Mandela's welcome to participating countries. Scenes of Nelson Mandela and Fidel Castro at the 1992 Olympic games.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as CBS and CNN. Includes footage and reports on the 50th anniversary of the United Nations, with scenes shown of South African President Nelson Mandela and his address to the General Assembly in which he says that the United Nations must reassess its role.

CBS

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on news channels such as CNN, NBC and CBS. Includes footage and reports on HIV/AIDS:
Nelson Mandela addressing international AIDS conferences in Bangkok, Thailand (2004) and Durban, South Africa (2000). Nelson Mandela addressing the crowd at the 466/64 international AIDS awareness concert held in Cape Town, South Africa (2003). Request by Nelson Mandela for easier access to anti-retroviral treatment for AIDS patients (2002). Nelson Mandela speaking about the death of Nkosi Johnson (2001). Comments by Nelson Mandela on the seriousness of AIDS in response to a United Nations report on the extent of AIDS in Southern Africa (1998). Comments by Nelson Mandela on the impact of poverty and the conflict in KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa, with scenes of AIDS orphan (1996).

CNN

Oral History Project

The man who drove Mandela: 1 copy of the documentary 12 Audio cassettes of the soundtrack of the film.

Auden House

National Consultative Committee pamphlets set our leaders free. Memoranda and letters. Minutes. ANC Campaigns - potato boycott. SACTU Stay at home 1961. Multi racial Conference; Anti - Union Festival Committee; Honor Luthuli Committee; Treason Trial. Defence Fund, Human rights and Civil Liberties. All in Africa Conference - Letter from Nelson Mandela the Secretary of All in Africa Confererence 26 March 1961, National Action Council re National Convention to the Secretary SACOD Johannesburg 25 April 1961Personal papers includes treason trial documents- Microfilms

Auden House

Edwin Cameron

Correspondence to Nelson Mandela from Cameron 5 December re history of living with HIV & AIDS (accompanied by correspondence with Dr. Malegapuru Makgoba). Speech by Nelson Mandela during the centenary celebrations of the Rhodes Trust 02 July 2003 (accompanied by a BBC news internet article)

Cameron, Edwin

Records of the Rivonia Treason Trial

Incomplete set of records of the state vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others. The collection includes the indictment, opening address, statements, evidence, evaluation of evidence and exhibits including photographs. An important section of the collection relates to preparations of the defence. As well as Nelson Mandela, the accused include Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada, Andrew Mlangeni, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor and Elias Motsoaledi.

Oliver Tambo Papers

The collection includes correspondence, addresses/ statements, Appeal for Action Against Apartheid, Arrest of Nelson Mandela, Mandela -Wembley Concert, Nelson Mandela - Freedom at Seventy, Nelson Mandela 70thth Birthday Tribute to Nelson Mandela, Release of Nelson Mandela and the unbanning of the ANC, Nelson and Winnie Mandela, Nelson Mandela’s visits, tributes, prizes and awards to Nelson Mandela.
Winnie Mandela footage and interviews,
Winnie Mandela, Footage, interview s for BBC TV News affair

Tambo, Oliver Reginald

Nelson Mandela

Objectionable films and videos Nelson Mandela 70th birthday concert.

African National Congress Audio-Visual Collection

African National Congress Audiovisual Collection VHS Cassettes
South Africa: To the last drop of blood: Mandela interviews with the Soweto Youth about their
futures- Au V25, Thank You : Thank you message to Australia by N.R. Mandela Au V26. A personal appeal: Fundraising video for 1994 elections Auv 27-30. Tribute to Nelson Mandela Au V44-45. Paul Murphy - PM Mandela Au A21, Viva Mandela FR V1, Free Mandela Fr V23, Nelson Mandela Oakland May 30 1990 Fr V29, Release of Nelson Mandela ( Cassette tape) Way A62, Nelson Mandela Documentaries 3 and 4 (2 copies) Way A65, Mandela the Charity Single ( 2 Copies) Way A71, Religious dialogue with Nelson Mandela (Host: Sir Pastor Rev Gary V Simpson) VHS Way V54-56 ( 3 copies).
No easy walk to freedom VHS cassette Wa V60- 61, Nelson Mandela report Umatic cassette Wa V62 Winnie Mandela visits the Treme Center VHS cassette Wa 38, Winnie Mandela Ideas in motion VHS cassette Wa V42, Champion of Freedom VHS cassette Wa V25- V27, Winnie Mandela visits New Orleans VHS cassette Wa V33, CBS News: Mandela visit VHS Wa V18, CBS News Mandela release VHS cassette Wa V19, Boycott Miami Coalition for progress VHS cassette Wa V1-V2, Amandla cassette tape 1980 Sw A12- A13, President O.R. Tambo cassette tape 8 January 1981 Sw A29, Svenka former 1 Sw A30, Free Mandela (IDAF) VHS cassette Sw V66, Nelson Mandela Igloben VHS cassette Sw V63, Chris Hani Sw V49, Sydafrika cassette Sw V17, Free Mandela (Ida) VHS cassette Lo V12, Banner of humanism path of justice VHS cassette Ja V14-15 ( 2 copies), Mandela in Japan VHS cassette Ja V16, Free South Africa VHS cassette Ja V2-V3 ( 2 copies), Audio Mixed Media, Freedom- thy name is Nelson Mandela cassette tape in A1, Recitation in Bengal by IDAF Ghosh dedicated to Dr Nelson Mandela in A10, African Sounds for Mandela. Hugh Masekela, Orchestra Phonographic L.P Ge A12, Nelson Mandela press conference VHS cassette Ge V49, Nelson Mandela first press conference VHS cassette (IDAF) damaged
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African National Congress (ANC)

African National Congress Canada Mission

Records of the African National Congress Canada mission. The records include correspondence, memoranda, minutes, briefing notes, financial statements, discussion papers, photographs and video material. The subjects covered:
Calls for Nelson Mandela’s release from prison, including the Freedom at 70 campaign (1988).
Mandela’s release from prison, the first anniversary of his release, and documentation on the significance of his release from prison (1990 - 1991). Mandela birthday celebrations in Canada, and messages of goodwill sent to him (1990). Mandela’s visits to Canada and the USA (1990). The Nelson Mandela Reception Committee, the Nelson Mandela Fundraising Committee and the International Mandela Reception Committee (1990). Awards and honours conferred on Mandela, and various letters of tribute sent to him (1990 - 1993). The ANC-Mandela Support Coalition (1990 - 1991). The Nelson Mandela Fund (1990 - 1991). Speeches delivered by and on behalf of Mandela, including addresses during his 1990 visits to Canada and the United States, and during his visit to Zambia (1979 - 1990). The South African negotiation process, including memoranda between Mandela and FW De Klerk.

African National Congress (ANC) Canada Mission

African National Congress Senegal Mission

Records of the African National Congress Senegal Mission.
The records includes documentation concerning the Nelson Mandela International Reception Committee, and an original invitation to Nelson Mandela from the president-elect of Mali. Correspondence with Dakar president Holding Kebe. Full text of Nelson Mandela address to the people on the day of his release from prison 11th February 1990
Document de Mandela

African National Congress (ANC) Senegal Mission

Oliver Tambo Papers

The personal papers of Oliver Tambo. The collection includes:
News clippings from South African and international newspapers concerning the arrest of Nelson Mandela in 1962, his court appearances, and calls for his release from prison (1962 -1988). Correspondence concerning the PAFMECSA conference held in Ethiopia addressed to all member governments, a letter from the ANC London office concerning the arrests of Mandela and Walter Sisulu, and a cable from the Somali Minister of Foreign Affairs to Tambo re: Mandela’s arrest (1962). News clippings in the build up to and aftermath of Mandela’s release from prison (1990 - 1991). News clippings, programmes and itineraries concerning Mandela’s visits to the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, India, Japan, Malaysia, Australia, Geneva, Botswana and other countries (1990 - 1991).
Reports on campaigns for the release of political prisoners, including reports from Robben Island, and on Lord Nicholas Bethel's meeting with Mandela. Also includes a 1970 report by Mandela about prison conditions on Robben Island (1970 - 1989). Correspondence from Mandela, written from Pollsmoor Prison, to Oliver Tambo and a number of other individuals. Original letters to Tambo, as well as transcripts of letters written to Nthato Motlana, Mangosuthu Buthelezi, Sheila Weinberg and Desmond Tutu, amongst others. Also included is a letter of thanks to Mrs. Bhalla of the Indian Council for the 1979 Jawaharlal Nehru Award and a letter of sympathy on the death of Seretse Khama (1978 - 1989). Media reports concerning Mandela, including cables. Includes reports by Radio RSA, internal media monitoring, an African National Congress (ANC) statement on Mandela’s health, and of a visit to Mandela by Robert Brown (1985 - 1990). Correspondence, reports and messages concerning international support for Mandela’s release from prison. Subjects covered include tributes on his 60th and 70th birthdays, and awards and honours conferred on Mandela, particularly through the work of the British Anti-Apartheid Movement (1984).
Statements and correspondence concerning the assassination of Chris Hani (1993). Video recordings of various events before and after Mandela’s release from prison. These include the 1990 Free Mandela Concert at Wembley Stadium and Mandela’s 1990 visit to Lusaka (1988 - 1990).
Correspondence, lists and statements by Oliver Tambo concerning awards and honours conferred on Mandela. These include honorary degrees, Freedom of the City awards, artistic attributes and facilities named after Mandela. The correspondence is primarily between Oliver Tambo and heads of / representatives of awarding countries and institutions. The awards include the Simon Bolivar Prize, the naming of a road in Mandela’s honour in Botswana, and awards conferred by the Sandinista National Liberation Front of Nicaragua, the Jamaican Human Rights Organisation, the University of Carabobo of Venezuela, and the Karl Marx University of the German Democratic Republic (1983 - 1990). Correspondence and statements concerning international calls for, and, Mandela’s release from prison. These include correspondence about a resolution passed by the African Symposium on African Orality in Nigeria, and a statement by the president of the Republic of Senegal after Mandela’s release. Other correspondents include Senator Michael J Williams of Trinidad and Tobago, OJ Masire of the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO), and the Communist Party of Sweden (1989 - 1990). Correspondence from Tambo to Mandela and to the Mandela family (1991 - 1992).

Speeches delivered in Mandela’s honour.
Drafts of plays and books written about Nelson Mandela, the drafts include No Easy Walk to Freedom, Nelson Mandela and the Rivonia Trial and What is to be done’.
Published and unpublished statements and speeches of Mandela, 1962 - 1991.
Correspondence and memoranda relating to the Nelson Mandela National Reception Committee (1989 - 1990).
Biographical

Tambo, Oliver Reginald

Zwelakhe Simon Xamlashe

Collection of film and video recordings consisting of distribution prints and master materials (negatives, rushes, sound tracks and trims). The subjects covered include:
Nelson Mandela's early views on the objectives of the ANC and the liberation struggle. The reception given to Mandela's rejection of the regime's offer of conditional release, read by his daughter Zindzi to a vast gathering in Soweto on 10 February 1985. Commentary from activists and family members, including Winnie Mandela. Prison conditions on Robben Island including Mandela's cell, the daily routine of hard labour, diet in prison, isolation and Mandela's transfer to Pollsmoor Prison in 1985. The impact of international campaigns for the release of Mandela, including footage of the Free Mandela Campaign Concert held at Wembley Stadium in celebration of his 70th birthday.
The collection also includes interviews with Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela, Andrew Masondo, Jacob Zuma, Indres Naidoo, Philip Mathews, Mary Benson, Barbara Harmel and Barry Feinberg.
It consists of both completed productions and raw footage.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Afravision / Video News Services

Unedited video footage of speeches and interviews delivered by Nelson Mandela after his release
from prison, as well as appearances at different events.
The collection includes coverage and reports on:
Mandela's isolation during the 1989 prisoner hunger strike, Celebrations of his release from prison, held at Soweto, Bisho, Durban, Port Elizabeth and Cape Town. The 48th National Conference of the African National Congress (ANC) Press briefings on various issues, such as the Inkathagate.
Mandela's address to the nation on the assassination of Chris Hani, Freedom Charter rally at Kliptown, Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA).Congress of South African Trade Union (COSATU) congresses, Boipatong massacre. Interviews conducted for a five-part documentary series on the history of the ANC Ulibambe lingashoni - Hold Up The Sun

Video News Services

Zohra Ebrahim

ANC discussion documents including a bill of rights for a new South Africa (1990). Towards technology policy for South Africa. Draft resolution on the ANC economic policy for National conference May 1991. Social Welfare policy discussion paper (June 1991). Statement of the Deputy President of the ANC Nelson Mandela at the opening of the National conference (July 1991), Transfer of power to the people for a democratic future 2-6 July 1991programme. Statements to the conference for the political prisoners in Pretoria local prison etc. Rally speech by Joe Slovo, at Lentegeur, Mitchell's Plain 29 April 1990. Statement by N. Mandela at Obstacles meeting Cape Town, May 2 1990. COSATU secretarial report 14-15 May 1988. UDF national conference 1-3 March document. Cape Town local government and housing workshop 18-21 Oct 1990 Summary booklets
Three BBC videos

Ebrahim, Zohra