A biographical file that includes documentation concerning Nelson Mandela's nomination for chancellorship of the University of the Witwatersrand in 1982. There are forms signed by the nominees, as well as an acceptance of the nomination, signed by Mr. Nelson Mandela.
Video recorded interview with Amina Cachalia, in which she discusses her political life and work in South Africa. Subjects covered in the interview include: Mrs. Cachalia's early political involvement. The founding of the Federation of South African Women, the women involved and its activities. The historic women's anti-pass march to the Union Buildings in Pretoria, 1956. The Federation of Transvaal Women and its leaders. The work of Albertina Sisulu. The work of the South African Indian Congress. Mrs. Cachalia's involvement in the 1952 Defiance Campaign, her imprisonment and subsequent banning. Friendship with Nelson Mandela, and the visit of Amina and Yusuf Cachalia to Nelson Mandela, 1988
Articles by Nelson Mandela on the defiance campaign 1952 - 1956. Leaflets issued by the National Action Council calling for a nationwide stay away. April - May 1961. Letter by Nelson Mandela to Sir De Villiers Graaf leader of the white opposition - United party. 23 may 1961 Message from Nelson Mandela to the second national conference 16 June 1985
ANC, CODESA, Bill of Rights, personal legal cases 1956-1965, regulations used in preparing cases, documents re Defence and Aid Fund, publications Treason trial defence fund press summary. Albie Sachs Papers and publication
Photographs and video footage of a twelve-day visit to South Africa by a University of Michigan delegation in September 1991. Includes photographs of Nelson Mandela being presented with an honorary Doctor of Laws degree by the Michigan delegation. The degree was originally awarded in absentia in 1987.
University of Michigan, Office of International Academic Affairs
Collection of gifts and awards presented to Nelson Mandela during his tenure as the first democratically elected President of South Africa. The collection includes gifts from Heads of State, well-known personalities, and ordinary citizens from across the world. There are gifts from former US President Bill Clinton, current US President George W. Bush, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, and the late Yasser Arafat. There are gifts from children ranging between the ages of 3 and 18 from across the world, as well from former anti-apartheid activists. The awards include honorary fellowships, Freedom of the City awards, honorary citizenships, honorary degrees, peace and human rights awards, literary awards, media awards and orders of merit from more than 50 countries around the world. Amongst these are the Nobel Peace Prize, one of thirteen existing facsimiles of the Salisbury Magna Carta, and the Official Presidential Medallion commemorating President Nelson Mandela’s inauguration in 1994.
Collection includes a series of ANC documents created between 1989 and 1994. Subjects covered are procedures for drawing up a new constitution for South Africa, the Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA) talks, the ANC's proposed economic policy for South Africa, and the lifting of sanctions against South Africa. This includes a statement by Nelson Mandela, dated July 2 -7-1991.
Capital District Coalition Against Apartheid and Racism
Collection of Nelson Mandela posters, most of which were produced by international anti-apartheid organisations. The posters cover campaigns for the release of Nelson Mandela and all South African political prisoners, Nelson Mandela birthday tributes, as well as profiles of the Rivonia Trialists. The collection also includes ANC election campaign posters.
Program, Ceremony on Screen tickets, Song Lyric. CD: Tribute song, "Turn This World Around" written and performed by Raff. Theatre tickets and Access badge. Display Board (1.22 m x 2.44 m [4' x 8']: Nelson Mandela/Graca Machel. (Oversize) Videocassette: Ceremony. Brochure. Special clippings report (selection of media coverage from Canadian newspapers)
The sub series contains records concerning the Honorary Doctorate of Laws awarded to Nelson Mandela on the 17 November 2001. Included are the following items: Series 1 contains correspondence with Salvatore Ala, Laurie Allan, Margaret Alison, Roger Bell Carousel, Mayor, Municipality of Chatham-Kent, Rienzi Cruz, Denis De Klerk, James Deahl, Marty Gervais, Richard M. (Tai) Grove, Michael Henderson, James Lipton [outgoing], Les Murray, Nelson Mandela Foundation, Penumbra Press, Public Lending Right Commission, Erin Smith, Richard Stevenson, Desmond Tutu, and George Whipple.
Memorandum by Duma Nokwe Statement made by Duma Nokwe to the liberation committee mentions Nelson Mandela ( 22 June 1963) ANC statement on the "freedom fighters " -Statement made by Duma Nokwe on the Freedom fighters and the others ( 1964). Memorandum by Duma Nokwe on the military 22 June 1963. Duma Nokwe statement to the coordination committee 22 June 1963. Newspaper article on The Nationalist 21 April 1964 (court proceedings). Duma Nokwe correspondence to Tennyson Makiwane 1964 -Report on the 4thn session of the African liberation committee by Duma Nokwe 1964. J. J. Hadebe statement on Arusha 1963. Correspondence with the liberation Committee Mzwai Piliso, O.R. Tambo, Mendi Msimang 1968. Alfred Nzo NEC report on the Morogoro conference 1969. ANC Correspondence with Hashim Mbita 1986-1987. ANC Correspondence 1982-1983
Television pictures of Nelson Mandela, the jailed South African nationalist leader, taken on the 13 February 1986.These were taken by an American camera crew at Medipark Clinic in Cape Town where Mandela was being taken for a medical check up.
British members of Parliament taking part in the campaign to mobilise world opinion over the sentence of Nelson Mandela in South Africa. Petition with 91000 signatures from groups representing 258 million people in 29 countries calling for the release of all South African political prisoners. In South Africa Mrs. Mandela spoke about her husband, Nelson Mandela, the leader of the banned African National Congress who is imprisoned for life with seven others. 15 June 1964
All eight men found guilty in South Africa's sabotage trial were sentenced to life imprisonment. Nelson Mandela the 46 year old former chief of banned African National Congress and the other seven were found guilty of sabotage and plotting to overthrow the government. Mr. Justice Quartus De Wet pronounced the guilt of eight men. A crowd of some 500 people stood silently outside the court as police stood ready to quell disturbances. In the crowd were Nelson Mandela 's wife Winnie and Mrs. Sisulu. Mrs. Mandela was allowed into the court after an argument with a police officer. When she came outside she explained to the Africans waiting outside, that the sentences would be announced on that day. When the crowd heard the verdict they raised their fists. The sign of Amandla the African National Congress party and chanted- 12 June 1962
Commonwealth leaders meeting / Lockerbie trial : Nelson Mandela has caused a controversy by siding with Colonel Gaddafi in the diplomatic wrangle over how to bring the Lockerbie bombers to justice. He has called for a fair trial in a neutral country for the two Libyans accuses of the attack.
Opening session of the South African Parliament 17-02-1995. President Mandela said government money was not limitless and that care has to be taken. He warned anarchists that they would not be tolerated.
The African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela has alleged that widespread sabotage is taking place in the current election. Polling stations in areas predominated by black voters have run out of ballot papers and voting has been extended for an extra day.
Mediators Lord Carrington and Henry Kissinger today admitted defeat in their attempts to get Inkatha to take part in the forthcoming elections. Both the ANC and the government insisted that there could be no discussion of Inkatha ' s demands that the elections date be delayed. The news comes on the day that the ANC president Nelson Mandela and President De Klerk have been appearing in their one and only television debate on how parties are waging their election campaigns.
ANC leader Nelson Mandela inaugurated as the first black president of South Africa on 1--05-1994. The ceremony passed without incident despite a heavy security operation. Britain was represented by the Duke of Edinburg and foreign Sec Douglas Hurd.
Former president Mr. Nelson Mandela celebrates his birthday with South African children. Nelson Mandela took time out to celebrate his 89th birthday with children at his annual children's party, tributes continue to pour in for South Africa's anti- apartheid icon.
Mr. Nelson Mandela former Transvaal president of the banned African National Congress, appeared in court on charges of incitement and leaving South Africa illegally. The trial transferred from Johannesburg to Pretoria on security grounds. The trial was adjourned for a week to give Mr. Mandela time to appoint defense counsel. Mr Mandela was remanded in custody. Mr Mandela was dressed in tribal dress. Attending the trial was his wife, Mrs. Winnie Mandela and his sister, Ms Leabi Mandela. The courtroom packed with supporters of Mr. Mandela, Mr Mandela that his counsel was unable to appear for him because he was confined to Johannesburg under the suppression of Communism act. Mr. Mandela said the sudden transfer of the trial to Pretoria had deprived him of his attorney services. 17 October 1962
The Queen' s visit to South Africa since 1947. On the 21st March 1995 the Queen awarded the honorary order of Merit upon Nelson Mandela, and told the Parliament that South Africa's spirit of reconciliation was shining example to the world.
Nelson Mandela president of the ANC and chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi of the Inkatha Freedom Party have agreed of measures to end the violence between their supporters, but they remain split on political issues. They failed to agree on election date for the country's first multiracial elections. The leaders had not met for two years 23-6-1993
A Live concert from Hyde Park, held to celebrate Nelson Mandela's 90th birthday party. The live programme is hosted by Phillip Schoffield and features Leona Lewis, Jamelia etc. Backstage interviewing artists as they come off stage, as well as any celebrity passers-by Nelson Mandela, also comes onto the stage to be sung 'Happy Birthday' by the crowd, and makes a speech.
Contributors - Agape Choir Amy Winehouse Andrea Corr Annie Lennox Brian May Eddie Grant Geri Halliwell Gordon Brown ( Prime Minister) Jada Pinkett Smith Jamelia Kurt Darran Leona Lewis Lewis Hamilton Loyiso Queen Featuring Paul Rogers Quincy Jones Razor light Simple Minds Siphon Mabuse Soweto Gospel Choir Stephen Fry Sugababes Will Smith
Genre: ENT ITC class ID: Running time - minutes: 93 Running time - seconds: 30
Congressional record house CREST General CIA records on Nelson Mandela : What if alive in free Some Sections Omitted South Africa politics of racial reform. South Africa: Dynamics of black politics African National Congress of South Africa Organisation, Communist, Ties and short term prospects Prospects for South Africa; Stability reform and violence South Africa profile of an angry black ( Sections Omitted) Prospects for South Africa stability reform and violence Africa review Terrorism review Africa review South Africa: The Boipatong massacre and the reigning of the security forces South Africa weathering the storm National daily intelligence South Africa: Inkatha scandal may accelerate police restructuring South Africa's brokers ballots and bullets South Africa chronology Africa review: special issue: South Africa entering the 1990's
Photographs, drawings, and printed reproductions of illustrations, depicting activities of anti war, civil rights, racial justice, women's rights and other protest movements in the United States and other countries, mainly from the 1960's through the 1990's. Includes Nelson Mandela speaks 1990-1994 and writing of Nelson Mandela
Pamphlets, serial issues, reports, leaflets, election campaign literature, flyers, newsletters, other printed matter, letters, sound recordings and video tapes, relating to political, social and economic conditions, Apartheid and race relations, and elections in South Africa; revolutionary movements in South Africa, especially the African National Congress; international support groups, especially in the United States, for such movements; and campus movements in the United States protesting investment in South Africa.
Writings, correspondence, legal briefs and printed matter relating to international civil rights cases, world federation and attempt to secure international recognition of habeas corpus due process of law by an American lawyer. Includes clippings of Nelson Mandela, individual rights, release of Nelson Mandela terrorism etc.
Documentary describing the milestones in the life of Nelson Mandela- from his younger days through his political activities for the ANC, his long imprisonment up to the achievement of the Nobel Peace Prize and his nomination to be the first black president of South Africa.
Collection of audio visual material from the Freedom archives. The Archives features speeches of movement leaders and community activists, protests and demonstrations, cultural currents of rebellion and resistance in America and other parts of the world 1. Nelson Mandela in Oakland- June 30 1990 2. Release from Victor Verster- February 11 1991. 3. Winnie Mandela interview - no date 4. Mandela in America- January 1 1998
The collection from the times documenting 1. Helen Suzman on her first meeting with Nelson Mandela on Robben Island 2. The day Madiba was released from prison outside Victor Verster Audio clips on Nelson Mandela statement on January 8 1994 plus slides by Peter Magubane
The statement made by Dennis Brutus, director of campaign for the Release of Political Prisoners in South Africa at the eighty fifth meeting of the special committee on 27th February 1967. Statement describes the prison conditions and the segregated section in Robben Island where he worked in the leadership section with Nelson Mandela and other political prisoners sentenced to life.
Correspondence sent to the Permanent mission of Ireland to the United Nations from the Secretary Department of External Affairs includes a publication " Apartheid and repressive measures in South Africa"
Letter/leaflet dated 13 August 1963 from the African National Congress in reply to the South African police statement that the African National Congress has been smashed. Enclosure mentions that the ANC is Alive, demands that South African leaders must be freed- free Mandela, free Sisulu, free Mbeki, free Sobukwe, free Kathrada. Deals with the Treason trial, the Rivonia trial includes Newsclippings from the Guardian, London and the Observer.
United Nations Special Committe on Policies of Apartheid
Newspaper articles from The Irish Times, The Guardian, New York Herald Tribune reporting on the Rivonia or sabotage trial of 1962-1964. Includes newspaper clippings on the raids, the death and burial of Albert Luthuli in 1967.
Invitation, letters written to Sean Lamas an Irish leader, leaflets distributed by the world campaign for the release of South African political prisoners and other activities organised by the Anti- Apartheid Movement- mentions and names the accused in the Rivonia trial, quotes Nelson Mandela's Rivonia speech. Includes a copy of Anti- Apartheid news on the Rivonia trial.
Country files compiled by Tom Sargant arranged by country and reflecting related aspect of justice and law in the British colonies and dependent territories. Events in South Africa are covered in some depth over three decades and the most file focuses on the Rivonia trial and opponents of Apartheid. The records detail a large proportion of the ANC leadership detained, including its president , Chief Albert Luthuli, Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu as well as other opponents of Apartheid such as Helen Joseph the secretary of the South African Women's Federation. Also includes schedule of the charges faced by the defendants in the first treason trail.
Bernie Grant collection documents the concerns of numerous oppressed peoples of and diverse communities the material includes an official invitation and programme to the inauguration of Nelson Mandela, footage and newspaper articles.
The personal papers of Mary Benson. The collection includes: Nelson Mandela’s statement from the dock at the Rivonia Trial. Correspondence, reports and statements about the treatment of political prisoners in South Africa; Reports by the International Committee for the Red Cross (ICRC) and Amnesty International. Attempts to publicise the conditions of prisoners, particularly Nelson Mandela, and information about the medical treatment of prisoners. Papers related to Nelson Mandela’s imprisonment, collected by Benson when writing her biography of Mandela, "Nelson Mandela: the Man and the Movement." Correspondence between Mandela and Mary Benson and between Benson and others people mainly related to Mandela and campaigns for his release from prison. Correspondents include Helen Suzman, Elinor Birley, Hilda Bernstein, Oliver Tambo, Winnie Mandela, Denis Healey and Ismail Ayob. Typed notes on Mandela and other prisoners, as well as lists of political prisoners. News clippings concerning Mandela, mainly from British newspapers. Includes reports on the dropping of negligence charges against Mandela in 1967.
The personal papers of Ruth First The collection is made up of background material, correspondence and reviews concerning "No Easy Walk to Freedom" edited by Ruth First. Printed copies of Nelson Mandela’s speech at the Rivonia Trial. Drafts of sections of the book, and a typescript of Mary Benson’s statement before the UN Special Committee on Apartheid in 1964, with handwritten alterations. Correspondence, mainly between Ruth First and Heinemann Publishers, as well as clippings of newspaper reviews. Material on political detention between 1963 and 1970, including a copy of the 1963 Detention Act, a radio script by Mary Benson entitled "Nelson Mandela and the Rivonia Trial," and notes produced by Ruth First. Press releases and conference papers concerning the Symposium on the exploitation of Blacks in South Africa and Namibia, organized by the United Nations in 1978, with observances of the 60th birthday of Nelson Mandela. Transcripts of interviews with Robben Island political prisoners. Correspondence from friends and acquaintances, and materials from South African newspapers concerning the Rivonia Trial.
Photocopies of papers collected by Joel Joffe, lawyer acting for Nelson Mandela, relating to Nelson Mandela's trial in Pretoria 1962 and the Rivonia Trial (1963-1964) The collection includes Nelson Mandela's application to have the Pretoria trial postponed, October 1962; Nelson Mandela's address to the court in mitigation of the sentence of five years imprisonment detailing his political commitment and activities in the African National Congress (ANC), November1962; copy of the indictment in the Rivonia trial, initial statement made by Nelson Mandela to his lawyers, giving details of his early life, notes by Nelson Mandela on his life and his association; copy of Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock, signed by Nelson Mandela referring to an Imbizo.
The collection of correspondence, datebooks, articles, lectures sermons and audio visual material and Newpaper clippings documenting Peter Storey's leadership and active involvement in the Methodist church of Southern Africa, the South African Council of churches the Central Methodist church in Johannesburg, the Truth and reconciliation commission etc. Main subjects include Nelson Mandela and Winnie Mandela, urban ministry, crisis intervention and political violence in South Africa.
Notes and meetings from the Canadian Archbishop Ted Scott with Nelson Mandela. The file also has notes of a meeting in Pollmoor prison, newspaper cuttings of Nelson Mandela's visit to Canada and the first annual gala of the Canadian Chapter of the Nelson Mandela Childrens Fund in 2003.
The Rivonia Trial, arguably the most significant political trial in South African history, generated a vast archive, ranging from the official court records to media coverage of the trial. This database, and the records audit on which it is built, constitutes a first step towards documenting the archive. The need for the database was determined by the fragmentary and scattered nature of the archive.
These recordings were generated in the preparation and editing of the "Long Walk to Freedom" book and Anthony Sampson's authorised biography. In both of these projects, Ahmed Kathrada worked closely with Sampson and Stengel (who provided professional support for "Long Walk to Freedom") and Mandela. Transcription and digitisation is in process.
One transcribed extract (extract 5) relates to the Rivonia Trial as Mandela tells Kathrada about a conversation he had with a warder at Pretoria Local Prison during the trial about the fate of the accused.
There may be references to the Rivonia Trial in other recordings and in NMPP2009/57 Rick Stengel Interviews with Nelson Mandela.
Black and white negatives from Rand Daily Mail and Sunday Times newspapers. Selected prints also available. Rivonia Trial photographs consists of: police roadblocks stopping people on their way to hear judgement (11 June 1964); crowds outside the court awaiting judgement; Winnie Mandela, Albertina Sisulu, Mandela's mother, Leslie Minford, Annie Goldberg, Hilda Bernstein arriving to hear judgement (11 June 1964); police and Winnie Mandela outside the courtroom, pictures of the accused (Mandela, Sisulu, Mhlaba, Mlangeni, Motsoaledi, Bernstein, Hepple, Kathrada, Mbeki, Goldberg) and others (Ben Turok, Moses Kotane, J B Marks, Tennyson Makiwane, Dr Arthur Letele, Joe Slovo). Also one picture of police at Liliesleaf Farm (PH2003-773).
Online selection of images and caption stories from the pages of the Sunday Times including the following from Rivonia Trial: -ANC, POQO, Spear, smashed says Col. V.d, Bergh (14 July 1963) re arrests at Liliesleaf Farm in Rivonia -Rivonia: The Inside Story (14 June 1964) re outcome of the Trial Sunday Times newspapers can also be accessed at the National Library in Pretoria and Cape Town.
This archive will eventually contain the digital reproduction of every page, article and advert published in the Guardian (since 1821) and the Observer (since 1791). Currently it is up to 2000. A search for Rivonia Trial reveals articles from both newspapers.
The Mandela Materials Database is a guide to the Mandela archive located with the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory and Dialogue and elsewhere. Both local and international repositories have been surveyed for any material on Mr Mandela to include in the database. The purpose of this database is to point researchers to the relevant repositories holding the actual archival material. Although much of the material identified in the database does not relate directly to the Rivonia Trial, it has been referenced here as Mandela was one of the main protagonists in the Rivonia Trial. Any material directly related to the Rivonia Trial as been cross-referenced in this database.
Episcopal churchmen for South Africa: various issues 1956-1987 Episcopal church people for a free South Africa: various issues 1986- 1989 Special report: The church makes a decision on South Africa/ Banks, Episcopal churchmen for South Africa, 1 September 1987 Namibia- Formula for independence? Episcopal church people for a free Southern Africa, January 1989 Episcopal churchmen for South Africa, brochure 1958 St Christopher's school Usuthu Mission,1989 Your witness, July 1969 I am a loyal Namibian 1973 Namibia 1978 Elizabeth Schmidt : One step in the wrong direction, revised edition January 1985 Various handouts and leaflets
Episcopal Church People for a Free South Africa (USA)
Collection of materials including: News clippings in English from newspapers in the US and UK concerning the situation in South Africa during the 1960's. Text of Nelson Mandela's Rivonia Trial speech published by Christian Action and printed by A G Bishop & Sons Ltd (Kent, UK). Draft resolutions by the Executive Council of Episcopal Church on the Church's financial involvement with American banks that are members of a consortium extending credit to the South African government . Two copies dated 1968 and 1969 of newsletters published by the Information Service of South Africa. Open letter from The World Student Christian Federation titled The Banks and Apartheid. Testimony of Reverend Robert Chapmen presented at the hearing of the Executive and Finance Committee of the Executive Council of the Episcopal Church in 1969.
People for Southern Collection of material including: News clippings on the situation in South Africa in the mid 1980s including violent incidences in different parts of South Africa, unrest in townships, riot police clashes with protesters, resistance campaigns by students, press statements condemning the apartheid system by both Zenani Mandela as well as Allan Boesak. Appeals to support for Winnie Mandela by the Episcopal Church Africa.
Collection of materials including: News clippings on the situation in South Africa in the mid 1980s the South African governments views on releasing Nelson Mandela and possibility of the negotiation between the ANC, South African government. The blockade of Lesotho, the arrest of Mrs. Winnie Mandela and Nelson Mandela's rejection of conditional release offer. Publication "Talking the ANC" dated June 1986 Press release by ANC's observer mission to the United Nations dated 26 June 1985.
Collection of materials including: News clippings on the situation in South Africa in 1990 regarding the negotiations processes. Report from a working group of the Groote Schuur Minute. Journal article titled "Negotiations about what in South Africa?" by Heribert Adam and Kogila Moodley published in 1989 in the Journal of Modern African Studies Vol. 27 No. 3. Analysis report on the Pretoria Minute by the Southern Africa Project of the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights under Law.
Collection of materials including: News clippings on the situation in South Africa in the 1991 regarding, among others, pledges by foreign governments to support the ANC. Public perceptions of the ANC as a political force, ANC's fundraising campaigns, Reports of police agents amongst the ANC official structures, reports of violence in townships, tensions between SACP and ANC, and Mr. Nelson Mandela's overseas visits to push for the continuation of sanctions. Press statement by the ANC dated June 1991. A copy of "Front File" publication dated August 1991.
Collection of materials including: News clippings on the situation in South Africa in 1991 regarding, among others, ANC National working committee nominations, reports of spies within the ANC. Discussion document on structures and principles of a constitution for a Democratic South Africa. Press statements by the ANC. Statements by Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo during an ANC national conference held between second and 7th July 1991 in Durban, South Africa. ANC resolutions on various issues including strategy and tactics, building the ANC, violence, negotiations, and foreign policy. Correspondence with Jennifer Davis of the Africa Fund.
Rivonia Trial materials include: Unit 66 Ref 0398 -News clippings in English from newspapers in the US and UK concerning the situation in South Africa during the 1960's -Text of Nelson Mandela's Rivonia Trial speech published by Christian Action and printed by A G Bishop & Sons Ltd (Kent, UK)
Unit 85 Ref 0494 -Correspondence on "Free Mandela" appeals from the Committee of Southern Africa and responses from the US Department of State -Correspondence on "Free Mandela" appeals from Centre against Apartheid -Correspondence "Free Mandela" appeals from Africa Resource Center (CA, USA) -Correspondence "Free Mandela" appeals from General Theological Seminary (NY, USA) -Correspondence from The Episcopal Churchmen for Southern Africa (NY, USA) to among others, the US President, advocating for freeing of South African and Namibia political prisoners -Several leaflet copies of the "Free Mandela" campaign -Text of Nelson Mandela's Rivonia Trial speech published by Christian Action and printed by A G Bishop & Sons Ltd (Kent, UK) -News clippings on Mrs. Helen Suzman's visit of Robben Island and meeting Mr. Nelson Mandela and Mr. Toivo Ja Toivo, restricted family visits by Winnie Mandela, free Mandela campaigns conducted both in South Africa and around the world.
African Skies is a foundation for audio-visual archives and productions on Southern Africa. African Skies was founded in 1995, shortly after the first democratic elections in South Africa in 1994. The roots of African Skies can be found in the Dutch Anti-Apartheid Movement. The Dutch AAM facilitated and sponsored the foundation of African Skies.
The Association of West-European Parliamentarians for Action against Apartheid (AWEPAA) started in 1984 to mobilise politicians in European parliaments in the struggle against apartheid. Parliamentarians worked for effective sanction policies, they monitored the implementation and they sought to hold governments accountable for their policies. In 1993, AWEPAA was renamed the Association of European Parliamentarians for Africa (AWEPA).
The Women’s Union started its activities in 1946 as the women’s union of the political party PvdA. In 1969 the Women's Union changed its name to Women's Contact. It was renamed the Red Women (Rooie Vrouwen) in 1975. They participated in campaigns of the national AAMs as well as Amnesty International Netherlands.
Amnesty International was founded in 1961 in London as an independent organisation to mobilise public opinion in defence of people who are imprisoned because their ideas are unacceptable to the government in their country. One of their areas of work is campaigning for the release of political prisoners and actions against torture.
The Angola Comité was established in 1961 to support the freedom struggle in Angola, later expanding its focus to include the whole of Southern Africa. In 1976, following the end of Portuguese colonialism, the Angola Comité was renamed the Komitee Zuidelijk Afrika (KZA) (known in English as the Holland Committee on Southern Africa). KZA was involved in campaigns to isolate South Africa including campaigns for sanctions and divestment and against banks making loans to South Africa. With another Dutch organization, Werkgroep Kairos (Working Group Kairos/ Stichting Kairos), the KZA was active in the Shell boycott campaign. It also campaigned in support of the sports boycott of apartheid South Africa. The KZA had an important success in 1985 when it forced the banks to stop selling the South African gold coin, the Krugerrand. After the end of apartheid, the KZA, the Anti-Apartheids Beweging Nederland (Dutch Anti-Apartheid Movement) and the Eduardo Mondlane Stichting (Eduardo Mondlane Foundation) established the Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa (NiZA). In 2007 NiZA merged with ActionAid, and in 2012 became operational as ActionAid Netherlands.
The ASK operated from 1973 till 1990. It was a platform against racism and neo-colonialism and its members were individuals as well as organisations. Some of the organisations were the German Student Union, the Socialist German Work Youth, the German Communist Party and Spartakus. It was active in information campaigns and gave practical financial support to the liberation movements. It was a member of the Afro-Asian People’s Solidarity Organisation (AAPSO).
The OvRF started in 1982 on the initiative of the AABN and mobilised people in the broadcasting sector to support Radio Freedom, the radio station of the ANC. Their aim being to raise financial support to train and equip several broadcasting stations for Radio Freedom. The organisation operated until 1995.
Comité Zuid-Afrika (CZA, Committee on South Africa) was founded in 1959 and dissolved in 1971. One of its focus areas was political prisoners. The Defence and Aid Fund Nederland, which was founded in 1971, grew out of CZA.
CASA was initiated by the AABN in 1986 to organise a big conference and festival in which hundreds of cultural workers from the ANC and from inside South Africa participated to discuss the future cultural policy of the country and to exchange with Dutch cultural workers. It closed down in 1988.
DAF Netherlands was established in 1965. It came out of the Comité Zuid-Afrika (founded in 1960), was affiliated to the IDAF, and was disbanded in 1991. It concentrated on fundraising for the defence of political prisoners and support to their families in South Africa. It also published informational materials.
The CPN was founded in 1935 and existed till 1991 when it merged with other political parties. The Working Group South Africa of the Party organised its solidarity work with South Africa and maintained contacts with the national AAMs and international solidarity organisations.
In 1969 the European Trade Union Secretariat (ETUS) adopted a new name, the European Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ECFTU). It was active in the area of code of conduct for companies investing in South Africa, the conduct of national and international trade unions towards South Africa and the application of the European Community Code of Conduct for multinational companies. In 1973 the ECFTU merged with the Trade Union Committee for the European Free Trade Area (EFTA-TUC) and continued as the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC).
The Foundation Malibongwe was initiated by the AABN in 1988 to organise a women’s conference with ANC women and women from inside South Africa to exchange information and to discuss gender policies for a new South Africa. The foundation closed down in 1991.
The X-Y Movement started in 1973 and it received its funds from its members. Its main aim was to support liberation movements and work towards international structural change. It was active in boycott campaigns, gave direct support to liberation movements, and organised information activities. It also supported the work of the national AAMs.
The ANJV started in 1945 as a socialist youth organisation. It was very active in international solidarity campaigns, and besides organising its own activities, it also participated in campaigns organised by the national AAMs. They were especially active in organising students at secondary schools.
The ASVA was founded in 1945 as a student organisation at the University of Amsterdam. It became involved in general political activities and was very active in campaigns of the national AAMs as well as own campaigns for the scientific isolation of South Africa.
The KZA existed from 1976 till 1996. It continued the work of the Angola Committee which started in 1961 in support of the liberation movements in the Portuguese colonies. It fundraised for material support to the liberation movements. One of its big campaigns was the oil boycott, mainly directed against (Royal Dutch) Shell. It bought shares in order to be able to attend shareholders meetings where it could pressure Shell to withdraw from South Africa. It initiated the formation of the Shipping Research Bureau, together with Kairos, and was part of the Liaison Group. The KZA merged with the AABN and the EMF in 1997 to form NIZA.