Congress of Democrats papers donated by Ben Turok Minutes of meetings of the Johannesburg Regional Committee 1961-1962 National Consultative Committee 1961-1962 National Executive Committee 1961-1962 Transvaal Region 1962 National Consultative committee constitution Documents relating to the South African National Convention 1961 Johannesburg City Council, South African Congress of Trade Unions Jewish Community, Political Education and workers compensation Correspondence, memoranda, press statements, financial records of the congress of democrats Newsletters including congress bulletins, counter attack: Bulletin of the South African congress of democrats, The emergent African Middle class, Combat Fighting Talk etc. Publications re Chief Albert Luthuli, Bantustans, the Pondo Revolt Pamphlets relating to amongst other subjects, the sabotage bill, Sharpeville, stay at home education etc. Passports belonging to Ben Turok Other general documents
ANC, CODESA, Bill of Rights, personal legal cases 1956-1965, regulations used in preparing cases, documents re Defence and Aid Fund, publications Treason trial defence fund press summary. Albie Sachs Papers and publication
Collection of news clippings, mostly in Norwegian, that covers the following: Arrests in South Africa during the 1952 Defiance Campaign. The 1956 treason trial. Nelson Mandela in hiding as the "Black Pimpernel" (1964). Historical profiles of Nelson Mandela. The Rivonia Trial, with references to Nelson Mandela and Percy Yutar (1964), and reports on Nelson Mandela and others found guilty on charges of sabotage. A telegram sent to Verwoerd by 21 Norwegian youth organisations, in protest against the life sentences imposed on Nelson Mandela and other prisoners. Reactions to the Rivonia Trial verdict by the Foreign Minister of Great Britain, Richard Butler, as well as a statement by Verwoerd that Nelson Mandela and his men are in the category of spies, and that they have a communist plan to take over the world. The arrest of Nelson Mandela's advocate, Bram Fischer. Zenani Mandela's visit to Oslo in 1985, with biographical profiles of Nelson Mandela.
This collection includes documentation concerning the following: Biographies of the Rivonia Trialists. A statement issued by the national executive of the ANC on February 16 1990, in the wake of decisions to unban political organisations, and the impending release of Nelson Mandela. The talks between the ANC and the South African government in 1990, documented in the Pretoria Minute. Festival held in Oslo, celebrating Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Nelson Mandela's visit to Oslo in 1992. Includes correspondence between the International Solidarity Committee of the Norwegian Labour Movement and the ANC Norway Mission. Statement by Nelson Mandela on being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. Birthday greetings (1993). Includes correspondence, minutes of meetings, reports, press statements, pamphlets and news clippings..
Collection of photographs of Nelson Mandela's visits to Norway. Includes images of Nelson Mandela inside the Norwegian parliament, street scenes, and the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Mandela and De Klerk. There are images of both Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk addressing the audience, as well as photographs of family members and close friends in attendance, including Zenani Mandela and Pik Botha. There are also images of anti-De Klerk protesters outside. Photographs are by Terje Akerhaug, Stein Marienborg and Arne Ove Bergo.
Correspondence, memoranda, newsletters, pamphlets, reports, publications and other campaign materials concerning: The World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners (1964 - 1967). The Rivonia Trial, and a call to save South Africa's resistance leaders, including Nelson Mandela, from the death penalty. Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock at the Rivonia Trial, translated into Norwegian. Amnesty International reports on prison conditions in South Africa (1965).
Correspondence, minutes of meetings, conference resolutions, reports, press statements, pamphlets and news clippings, concerning Zenani Mandela's visit to Oslo in 1985, and the continued imprisonment of Nelson Mandela and other South African political leaders.
International Solidarity Committee of the Norwegian Labour Movement
Collection of photographs, including the following: ANC election gathering with Nelson Mandela, held in the Northern Transvaal in 1994. Preparations for an ANC election gathering in the Eastern Transvaal in 1994, with a supporter mounting "Mandela for President" posters. Nelson Mandela flanked by supporters on the day of his inauguration as President of South Africa in May 1994. Placard-carrying supporters of Nelson Mandela and the ANC. Photographs are by Kadir van Lohuizen.
Collection of anti-apartheid memorabilia produced by, amongst other organisations, the ANC, International Defence and Aid Fund, Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa and the Anti-Apartheid Movement. Includes t-shirts and wall hangings.
"Solidarity with South Africa" demonstration held in Amsterdam in 1976, with demonstrators carrying placards of Nelson Mandela. Nelson and Winnie Mandela being greeted by thousands of supporters in Leidseplein, Amsterdam in June 1990. Nelson Mandela addressing the crowd at Leidseplein, Amsterdam as well as other images of Nelson Mandela's visit to Amsterdam in 1990. Photographers include Hans van der Bogaard, Roel Rozenburg and Marja Sonneveld.
Correspondence, reports, memoranda, speeches, news clippings, financial reports and other documentation concerning the KZAs support to the ANC's 1994 election campaign. Documentation on, and correspondence with, the ANC president Nelson Mandela. Subjects covered include: Nelson Mandela's visit to the Netherlands as part of an ANC fund-raising campaign (1994). Nelson Mandela's address at a forum organised by World Com, the Netherlands (1994). The campaign entitled 'Geef Zuid-Afrika Een Eerlike Kans' which raised more than R5.9 million for the ANC within the first few hours of the campaign (1993 - 1994).The itinerary of Nelson Mandela's visit to the Netherlands on the 17th and 18th February 1994.
Collection of photographs documenting Nelson Mandela's release from prison, and his visit to the Netherlands in June 1990. Includes images of celebrations in honour of Nelson Mandela's release from prison in February 1990 attended by Dennis Goldberg, as well as Nelson Mandela addressing meetings and greeting supporters in Amsterdam (June 1990).
An album of photographs of Nelson Mandela, including: Portrait photographs of Nelson Mandela, many of which were taken by Eli Weinberg. There are photographs with Kaiser Matanzima, and of Nelson Mandela together with his son, Thembekile, as well as Nelson and Winnie Mandela on their wedding day. Includes photographs of Nelson Mandela wearing traditional beads, Mandela in boxing gear, at his law office, burning his pass, and in disguise while in hiding from the police as the "Black Pimpernel." (1950s - 1960s). Nelson Mandela after his acquittal at the treason trial, with Essop Pahad in the background. Nelson Mandela addressing the All-in-Africa Conference in Pietermaritzburg in 1961. Photographs are by Joe Gqabi. Photographs of Nelson Mandela with military officers in Algiers, and with Oliver Tambo in Addis Ababa, during his secret Africa trip in 1962. Nelson Mandela in Parliament Square, London, 1962. Photographs by Mary Benson. Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu on Robben Island in 1966.The concert in celebration of Mandela's 70th birthday. The 1988 artist's impression of Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela's release from prison, including a scene of him addressing a mass gathering in Cape Town on the day of his release from prison. Also featured in these photographs are Winnie Mandela, Walter Sisulu and Cyril Ramaphosa. Photographers include Yunus Mohamed. Post-release portraits, some that originates from the International Defence and Aid Fund. Photographers include Pieter Boersma and Piet den Blanken. Nelson Mandela addressing meetings on his visit to the Netherlands in June 1990. Also featured in these photographs are Winnie Mandela and Thabo Mbeki. Photographers include Jan Stegeman, Pieter Boersma and Kadir van Lohuizen. Nelson Mandela being awarded an honorary doctorate at the University of the Western Cape. Featured in the photographs are Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Professor Jaap Durand and Professor Stanley Ridge. Photographs are by Rashid Lombard. Nelson Mandela alongside a mural in Cape Town. Photograph by the Cape Argus. Nelson Mandela on the platform with Tokyo Sexwale and others at an ANC election mass meeting held at the Kwamazizi Stadium, 12 March 1994. Photographs are by B. Bohler. Photographs of Winnie and Zindzi Mandela, including Winnie in traditional dress, her attendance of political funerals in South Africa in 1985, and Zindzi addressing the crowd at a mass gathering at Jabulani Stadium in 1985. Photographers include Alf Kumalo and Gideon Mendell.
Memoranda, correspondence, reports, messages of support, newsletters, news clippings, minutes of meetings, financial reports, statements, project evaluations, budgets and campaign materials of the AABN, include: Activities of the AABN in their calls for the release of Nelson Mandela (1981 - 1982). Action by 1400 mayors from across the world, petitioning the release of Nelson Mandela and other political prisoners (1982). Campaigns for Nelson Mandela's release from prison (1985 - 1990). Nelson Mandela's visits to the Netherlands in March and June 1990. This includes notes on the policies of the Dutch government towards South Africa, as well as lists of delegates, the list of South Africans to meet Nelson Mandela at Schipol airport, itineraries and programmes. The Welcome Mandela Committee including its contacts and details of activities. These include both local and international activities in which the Committee was involved including a Welcome Mandela Festival (1989 - 1990). The 1989 political prisoner hunger strike on Robben Island, and a memorandum issued by prisoners. The full text of Nelson Mandela's speech on the Grand Parade in Cape Town on the day of his release from prison (1990). The Mandela International Reception Committee. Reactions to the news of Nelson Mandela's release from prison.
Correspondence, memoranda, campaign materials and lists. The collection includes: Correspondence between the Comite Zuid-Afrika and the African National Congress (ANC) London office concerning the Rivonia Trial and pressure being placed on the Dutch government to condemn the trial. Campaigns for the release of the Rivonia Trialists, and about 5000 political prisoners in South Africa. Open letter by the Anti-apartheid Movement, soliciting support from abroad for those under house arrest in South Africa, and encouraging that letters of support is sent to Nelson Mandela and Robert Sobukwe at Pretoria Central Prison (1962). The collection also includes: References to the Freedom Charter and the Congress of the People. List of South Africans under house arrest, together with the conditions of their five-year banning orders. They include Helen Joseph, Ahmed Kathrada, Walter Sisulu, Jack and Rica Hodgson, Jack Tarshish, Brian and Sonia Bunting, Roley Arenstein, Michael Harmel, Moses Kotane, Lionel Bernstein, Alfred Nzo, Thomas Nkobi, MacDonald Maseko, Duma Nokwe, Cecil Williams and Alex La Guma. Correspondence from Karel Roskam to Christian Action concerning the raising of funds in the Netherlands for the Defence and Aid Fund set up by Canon Collins (1959 - 1960).
Some British Foreign office documents on the arrest of Nelson Mandela in August 1962 and the death of the Secretary- General of the UN, Dag Hammerskjold on 16 October 1961, the file also includes military sales to South Africa -1966 tracking station defense.
Articles by Nelson Mandela on the defiance campaign 1952 - 1956. Leaflets issued by the National Action Council calling for a nationwide stay away. April - May 1961. Letter by Nelson Mandela to Sir De Villiers Graaf leader of the white opposition - United party. 23 may 1961 Message from Nelson Mandela to the second national conference 16 June 1985
Video recorded interview with Amina Cachalia, in which she discusses her political life and work in South Africa. Subjects covered in the interview include: Mrs. Cachalia's early political involvement. The founding of the Federation of South African Women, the women involved and its activities. The historic women's anti-pass march to the Union Buildings in Pretoria, 1956. The Federation of Transvaal Women and its leaders. The work of Albertina Sisulu. The work of the South African Indian Congress. Mrs. Cachalia's involvement in the 1952 Defiance Campaign, her imprisonment and subsequent banning. Friendship with Nelson Mandela, and the visit of Amina and Yusuf Cachalia to Nelson Mandela, 1988
A biographical file that includes documentation concerning Nelson Mandela's nomination for chancellorship of the University of the Witwatersrand in 1982. There are forms signed by the nominees, as well as an acceptance of the nomination, signed by Mr. Nelson Mandela.
Nobel peace prize 1993 for Nelson Mandela and FW de Klerk. Nelson Mandela and president FW de Klerk. The collection has audio and vide on both Nelson Mandela and FW de Klerk acceptance speeches. The collection also has photos of the event. The Noble foundation mentiones that the policy of reconciliation that Nelson Mandela and FW de Klerk represent provides hope not only for South Africa , it is also a shining example for the world that there are ways out of the vicious circle of violence and bitterness.
The trial and sentencing of Constable Johannes Arnoldus Greef for his role on helping Arthur Goldreich to escape. Newspaper article. Report on the substance of O.R. Tambo to the U.N. special committee about people accused of sabotage . Report 9 October 1963. Report on the proceedings of the Rivonia trial. Press reports. 222 Acts of sabotage between 10 August 1961 and 1963. Article from the Star (9 October 1963). Moves to raise Pretoria trial issue at U.N. Article from the Star ( 10 October 1963). Conversation with Bram Fischer about the Rivonia trial. Letter from Durossil to the Foreign Office, London ( 19 October 1963). De Wet quashed indictment "The Rivonia trial collapses. Articles from the Rand Daily Mail. ( 30 October 1963)
Correspondence from the Nigerian diplomats on various British expatriates working at universities and hospitals who promise to resign from their positions if Nelson Mandela is sentenced to death. Correspondence (29 May 1963)
Mr. Kawawa, the vice president of Tanganyika appeals for Nelson Mandela's release. Tanganyika Standard (11 August 1962) Nelson Mandela's trial French newspaper article. Extracts from Nelson Mandela's address to the court and probably a posed photograph of him n suit (by Michael Peto). Article from the Observer (18 November 1962). Conversation with Mr. Blom-Cooper of Amnesty about Nelson Mandela's trial. Report ( 29 November 1962). Correspondence to the British M.P. on concerns about Nelson Mandela's trial and saying that the process is fair. Correspondence. Nelson Mandela's trial Report (16 October 1962. Nelson Mandela's sentencing. Report ( 9 November 1962)
Closing case against Nelson Mandela (includes information that Mr. L.J. Blom-Cooper from Amnesty saw the magistrate leaving for lunch with the Security Branch in their car. This led to Nelson Mandela to call the magistrate to recuse himself from the trial but he refused. Confidential report from the British embassy. ( 26 October1962). Nelson Mandela's trial. Report from British embassy. Arrest of Nelson Mandela (including biographical details) Report from the British embassy, Pretoria to the Foreign office, London.
Written by Nadine Gordimer- Biographies of Rivonia Trialists ( April 1964) Nelson Mandela speech from the dock ( scheduled for 20th April) Analysis of the Rivonia Trial (8 April 1964) Rivonia trial- Notes from Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign affairs (10 April 1964) Nigerian government's concern for the Rivonia accused - Notes (10 April 1964) Potential intervention by the British government-Discussions (various n.d.) Possible intervention by German government in Rivonia trial - Note (16 April 1964) Rivonia trial defence- Newspaper articles ( various April 1964) Kenyan's government's anxiety about Rivonia trail- Note (n.d) African leaders plan on demonstrations if Nelson Mandela is executed -Notes ( 7 May 1964) Ethiopia asks for Belgium to exert pressure on South African government - Note (6 may 1964) Nelson Mandela's speaking in Addis Ababa- exhibit R13 in the Rivonia trial Notes on Nelson Mandela ( May 1963) Notes on Bram Fischer's defence statement Notes ( 20 April 1964) The likely outcome of the Rivonia trial Discussion document (n.d.) " The Revolutionary way out" Statement of the SACO (n.d.) "Should the British Prime Minister send a private message to Verwoed about Rivonia?" Correspondence ( 7 May 1964; reply on 14 May saying it would be inadvisable) Letter enclosing Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock. Correspondence from (6 May 1964) Van den Bergh of Boss does not expect a death sentence to be passed in the Rivonia trail Note 20 May 1964.
Winnie and Nelson Mandela Correspondence from A Fleming to British Prime Minister James Callaghan ((14 August 1976). Political situation in South Africa - refers to Winnie and Nthato Motlana seeking an interdict in restraining Mr. Shabangu of Soweto, UCB from molesting children and property.
Nelson Mandela's life sentence Reactions various 1963. Foreign reaction to the Rivonia trial judgment and sentences. Statement in parliament by H.F. Verwoerd (16 June 1964). Rivonia trial judgment ( includes newspaper cuttings). Correspondence ( 16 June 1964) Rivonia trial sentence Summary from press articles (1964) Question whether the British government should ask the South African government to reduce the life sentences handed down in the Rivonia trial. Correspondence ( 26 June 1964) Libyan embassy in London will ask the UK secretary of state to intervene and have the Rivonia trial life sentences reduced. Report ( 15 June 1964) The U.S. state department will not ask for a reduction in the Rivonia trial. Correspondence Internal British foreign office (27 June 1964) Secretary of the state talking about the RivoniaSpeech to the House of Commons ( July 1964) The Canadian Ambassador asks that the Rivonia trial sentences be reduced Report (22 July 1964) Rivonia trial accused decide not to appeal Report (27 July 1964) The German government approaches South Africa about the Rivonia trial sentences Report ( 2 September 1964) Book on Rivonia trial by Judge De Villiers Report (24 September 1964)
Records of the Commonwealth Office and Foreign Commonwealth Office: Southern African Department and predecessors includes material on the Treatment of prisoners including Nelson Mandela in South Africa
Terrorism trial of Essop et al. Report ( 1972) Arrest of Moumbaris et al- Report (1972) Ahmed Timol inquest - Report (1972) Release from Robben Island of M.D. Naidoo after having served his five-year sentence- Report (1972) Winnie Mandela breaking banning orders- Correspondence ( 28 April 1972) Mrs. Winnie Mandela' s brother in law had bought her groceries for her, when she went to the door to fetch them she was arrested for contravening her banning order : Mrs. Mandela wins appeal over grocery list case. Newspaper article from The Time London ( 26 April 1976).Prisoners study privileged. Correspondence from Lord Lothian to Dennis Healy (25 February 1972) South Africa n government refusal to give Shantie Naidoo ' a passport to leave the country and refers it her refusal to testify against Winnie Mandela. Report from the U. N. Unit on Apartheid ( January 1972) Refusal for permission to study. Correspondence from the Commissioner of Prisons (Steyn) to the British Ambassador Arthur Shelley ( February 1972)
Death sentence in Rivonia trial "unlikely" Note (4 June 1964) Upcoming judgment and sentence in the Rivonia trial Note (2 June 1964) The Australian representative to South Africa has been instructed to register his government's concern over the Rivonia trial. Note (9 June 1964) U.K. should abstain in the vote on the Rivonia resolution by Ivory Coast and Morocco unless is amended ( Add as that America will also abstain) Note ( 10 June 1964) Verdicts in the Rivonia trial Telegram (11 June 1964) Analysis of evidence at the Rivonia trial Report ( 10 June 1964) Decision to defer any attempt by the U.S. to get a reduction in Rivonia trail sentences until the defence has lodged an appeal. Note ( 14 June 1964) Unsigned copy of the Rivonia trial judgment Judgment: Rivonia trial (15 June 1964)
The Summary of the opening of the trial against Neville Alexander et all. Report (13 November 1963) The escape of Bob Hepple. Telegram ( 28 November 1963. Prison conditions with affidavits from Bernstein, Goldberg, Motsoaledi, Mbeki, Kathrada and Sisulu. Report (21 November 1963. Rivonia trial Newspaper articles (November 1963). Note from Mitford to the British consulate general requesting for political trials that might seriously affect the Rivonia trial closely monitored. Note ( 5 December 1963). Visit by John Arnold Q.C. a leading conservative barrister in London ( includes a summary of proceedings). Report (13 December 1963). Arrest, assault and torture of Isaac Tale of the ANC at the hands of security police who wanted him to testify against the Rivonia accused. Police claimed to him that Joe Slovo bought Nelson Mandela and Sisulu with money from the communists. Report/Affidavit ( no date) Report of John Arnold Q.C. at the international commission of Jurists on his visit to South Africa and includes a comment that he believed the Rivonia trial judge was fair and partial. Report (16 December 1963). Rivonia trial. Various news articles ( December 1963)
David Astor correspondence to the British Ambassador Sir John Maud thanking him for helping him to get the books to Nelson Mandela (13 October 1962.) John Maud’s correspondence to David Astor confirming receipt the of Nelson Mandela letter's receiving the books (4 October 1962). Enclosed is a receipt from Nelson Mandela for the books (2 October 1962). Hand written note from Nelson Mandela confirming that he received the books via the embassy (14 September 1962). Correspondence from the resident commissioner , Mafikeng to the High commission, Cape Town. Nelson Mandela travels ( 20 January 1962). Correspondence from the High Commission in Cape Town to the Secretary of State Colonies. Arrival of Mandela in Lobatse and a charter to fly him to Tanganyika paid by a bank in Dar es Salaam (22 January 1962)
Embassy's role in getting books from Astor to Mandela "In the long run we may get some goodwill from Nelson Mandela for having helped him. Letter from Dunrossil, British Embassy in Pretoria. (7 December 1962). Rev. Charles Hooper in Swaziland was taking care of sons of Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu. Confidential note from Major Steward. House arrest papers served on Ahmed Kathrada for attending the Nelson Mandela trial and then ordered to immediately return to Johannesburg. Includes a copy of Mandela's opening remarks (23 October 1962). Sabotage attempts in and around Durban thought likely to be the " Free Mandela Campaign Telegram 18 October 1962.
Records of the State vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others (Walter Sisulu, Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Ahmed Kathrada, Lionel Bernstein, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor, Elias Motsoaledi and Andrew Mlangeni).
Papers relating to the conferment of the Freedom of Howick on President Nelson Mandela, 12 December 1996. The collection includes speeches given by Nelson Mandela, programmes, menus, guest lists, circulars and cuttings.
PC 86/7/1/2/6 Mandela's arrest- Letter to Randolph Vigne from Stephen Ellis ( 24th September 1992) who sent a photocopy of a newspaper cutting from the Atlanta Journal (10 June 1990) claiming that a CIA tip led to the arrest of Nelson Mandela.
PC 86/9/1/8/1 Lists of names of former activists to invite to Veteran party, London, 1994- List sent by Randolph to Manny -5 July 1995
PC86/9/1/8/3 Programme for President's birthday party- Durban City Hall 15/06/1996
PC86/9/1/11/1 The men on Robben Island an article by Mary Benson in the Guardian,10 August 1964
PC86/9/1/11/2 "I speak of Freedom" review of No easy way to Freedom on The Times Literary Supplement -29 July 1965
PC86/19/2/19 " Once it witnessed Apartheid slaughter: Yesterday Sharpeville saw a spirit if peace". The independent,11 December 1996. Report on the speech by President Mandela at the signing of the constitution in Sharpeville.
PC 86/9/1/8/3 Progammme for the President's birthday party, Durban City Hall 15/06/1996.
PC86/9/1/11/1 The men on Robben Island by Mary Benson, Guardian 10 August 1964
PC16/5/ Correspondence with the Mandela family includes correspondence with Winnie Mandela, Rennie Mandela, Zindziswa Mandela and invitation from Nelson Mandela to the veterans of the struggle 1979.
PC 16/14/2 Correspondence from Adrian Kubler, International Committee of the Red Cross Dependents to Peter Brown of the regarding Winnie Mandela's visit Pollsmoor prison. Press cuttings - conditions in jails, Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela, Release Mandela
PC 16/20 Press cuttings on the conditions of jails in South Africa, the release of Nelson Mandela, liberalism, Winnie Mandela and Stompie Seipei and 1994 elections.
Individual and group portraits of South African activist, leader and former political prisoner, Nelson Mandela, taken in 1990 during his visits to New York City and Stockholm, Sweden. The collection consists of: Close-up portraits of Nelson Mandela with New York City Mayor, David Dinkins, at Gracie Mansion and at a Harlem rally. Mandela meeting with African National Congress leader, Oliver Tambo, and the Reverend Jesse Jackson in Stockholm. Mandela sparring with South African boxing champion, Jerry Moloi, during the Treason Trial in 1957. Photographers include Chester Higgins and Bob Gosani.
Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture (Photographs and Prints Division)
Memoranda, reports, statements, cables and project statements covering the following: United States Embassy (South Africa) reports that the African National Congress (ANC) was created to carry out sabotage, stating that the arrest of Nelson Mandela occurred after he planned subversive activities (1962). A memorandum issued by the Summit Conference of Independent African States held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (1963), agreeing to provide funding to help South African liberation movements and calling for the release from prison of Nelson Mandela, Robert Sobukwe and all other political prisoners. A memorandum on the Rivonia Trial providing biographical information on the Rivonia Trialists, and in which Nelson Mandela argues that opposition groups resorted to armed struggle only after avenues for peaceful change were blocked (1964). A report in which ANC and Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) leaders, including Nelson Mandela, Michael Harmel and Walter Sisulu are described as Communists, and documents presented during the Rivonia Trial are cited as evidence of the contacts between the ANC, PAC, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Communist Party of the People's Republic of China (1964). A memorandum of conversation in which Cecil Eprile characterises black leaders like Nelson Mandela as careless and prone to bad judgment (1965). A cable relating to Resolution 473 of the United Nations Security Council urging South Africa to release all political prisoners, including Nelson Mandela (1980). Biographic sketch information on Nelson Mandela provided by the US Department of State (1983). A cable on the awarding of the international Simon Bolivar prize to Nelson Mandela by the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) (1983). Correspondence to the South African Ambassador to the United States, calling for the release of Nelson Mandela (1984). A cable about the Johannesburg Star Newspaper reports that the arrest of Nelson Mandela 25 years ago occurred after he was betrayed by a US Central Intelligence Agency agent posing as a diplomat of the United States Consulate General in Durban (1986). A statement in which Chester A. Crocker calls for the release of Nelson Mandela (1986). A report in which the US Department of State Secretary of State's Advisory Committee on South Africa asserts that the first steps taken by South Africa must be the release of Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Govan Mbeki and all other political prisoners (1987).
Nelson Rholihlahla Mandela's life began in a tiny village in South Africa, which he describes as "removed from the world of great events." It was the start of a life that would not only take part in great events, but help shape them. His extraordinary life has led him from being branded a terrorist in his own country and a 27-year imprisonment to taking office as South Africa's first democratically elected president and becoming an international symbol of peace and social justice.
Nelson Mandela and seven colleagues face life imprisonment in South Africa." That's the fate of eight African National Congress leaders, tried for 221 acts of sabotage designed to violently overthrow South Africa's apartheid government. The trial lasted eight months and attracted worldwide attention. In this 1964 radio report from CBC National News, reporter Patrick Keatley is in London to explain why the defendants likely avoided a death sentence.
Nelson Mandela and seven colleagues face life imprisonment in South Africa." The eight African National Congress leaders, tried for 221 acts of sabotage designed to violently overthrow South Africa's apartheid government. The trial lasted eight months and attracted worldwide attention. In this 1964 radio report from CBC National News, reporter Patrick Keatley is in London to explain why the defendants likely avoided a death sentence. "The sentence of life imprisonment is a deft stroke by the nationalist government," he concludes. "Certainly it thrusts aside some of the tremendous world horror and political pressure which otherwise would have immediately built up against South Africa." Mandela and seven colleagues imprisoned The Rivonia trial was named after the suburb of Johannesburg where 19 African National Congress leaders were arrested at Liliesleaf Farm on July 11, 1963. Mandela was already in custody, having been sentenced to five years in prison in October 1962 for inciting a workers' strike a year earlier. • At Liliesleaf, the South African government discovered documents belonging to the group Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), a military wing of the ANC. They described plans for attack and guerrilla warfare. • Several ANC leaders used Liliesleaf as a hideout, and Nelson Mandela himself moved there in 1961. Using the name David Motsamayi (meaning "the walker") he evaded police by masquerading as a cook and gardener. The farm was owned by co-defendant Arthur Golderich, a South African abstract painter and a key figure in the anti-apartheid movement. • In addition to Mandela, the other ANC leaders charged were Walter Sisulu, Govan Mbeki, Raymond Mhlaba, Andrew Mlangeni, Elias Motsoaledi, Ahmed Kathrada, Billy Nair, Denis Goldberg, Lionel "Rusty" Bernstein, Bob Hepple, Harold Wolpe, James "Jimmy" Kantor and Golderich. • This CBC Radio clip notes that six of the defendants were black, but this appears to be incorrect. Goldberg, Bernstein, Hepple and Golderich were white Jews, while Nair and Kathrada were Indian. This leaves five men - Mandela, Sisulu, Mbeki, Motsoaledi and Mhlaba - who were black • Those found guilty on all four counts were Mandela, Sisulu, Mbeki, Motsoaledi, Mlangeni, Goldberg and Mhlaba. Kathrada was found guilty on one count of conspiracy. Bernstein was acquitted but was rearrested, released on bail and placed under house arrest. He later fled the country. • Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd (mentioned in this clip as Dr. Verwoerd) was prime minister of South Africa from 1958 until his assassination in 1966. He is called the "Architect of Apartheid" because he broadened existing policies that restricted the black Bantu African nationals' mobility while he was minister of native affairs in the early 1950s. In September 1966, he was stabbed four times in the chest by a uniformed parliamentary messenger names Dmitri Tsafendas. The motive for the murder was unclear. •
It's a turning point in South Africa's turbulent history. In light of that nation's progress towards ending apartheid, African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela has asked the world to lift economic sanctions against his country.
South Africa's era as an international pariah is over. Tonight, Canada and other nations lift most of the remaining sanctions against South Africa, and welcome it back into the international community. They do so at the behest of Nelson Mandela and President F.W. de Klerk, who ask world leaders to recognize the progress South Africa has made on its journey towards multiracial democracy. Fundraising in order to pave the way for free and democratic South Africa and to avoid "another Somalia, another Bosnia."
After 27 years in prison, the world's most famous political prisoner is free. Nelson Mandela, vice President of the African National Congress, is released from prison on February 11, 1990 and plunges into an international campaign to end apartheid in his native South Africa. Four months later, Mandela travels to Canada and delivers a speech at a joint session of Parliament.
For 27 years, six months and six days Nelson Mandela was a prisoner and a symbol of Apartheid's oppression. Today, he is a free man and the world is celebrating. From Soweto's giant party, to exiles, to the prime minister's office on Parliament Hill, CBC reporters capture the global festivities.
South African president F.W. de Klerk shocked the world with the announcement that the government will lift the ban on the African National Congress (ANC) and free imprisoned ANC leader Nelson Mandela. Apartheid system remains for now, but South Africans are jubilant with this dramatic break from the past and the promise a new South Africa.
A collection of images of Nelson Mandela's visit to the World Bank and his meeting with World Bank President Lewis T. Preston and other officials in 1991, as well as an image of Nelson Mandela with World Bank President James D. Wolfensohn during a visit in 1999/2000.
Collection of materials including: Correspondence on "Free Mandela" appeals from the Committee of Southern Africa and responses from the US Department of State. Correspondence on "Free Mandela" appeals from Centre against Apartheid. Correspondence "Free Mandela" appeals from Africa Resource Center (CA, USA). Correspondence "Free Mandela" appeals from General Theological Seminary (NY, USA. Correspondence from The Episcopal Churchmen for Southern Africa (NY, USA) sent to among others, the US President advocating for freeing of South African and Namibia political prisoners. Several leaflet copies of the "Free Mandela" campaign. Text of Nelson Mandela's Rivonia Trial speech published by Christian Action and printed by A G Bishop & Sons Ltd (Kent, UK). News clippings on the situation in South Africa in the early 1980s including strike action by labour unions, condemnation of the government by church organizations, Mrs. Helen Suzman's visit of Robben Island and meeting Mr. Nelson Mandela and Mr. Andimba Toivo Ja Toivo, restricted family visits by Winnie Mandela, free Mandela campaigns conducted both in South Africa and around the world,
Collection of materials including: News clippings on the situation in South Africa in 1991 regarding, among others, ANC National working committee nominations, reports of spies within the ANC. Discussion document on structures and principles of a constitution for a Democratic South Africa. Press statements by the ANC. Statements by Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo during an ANC national conference held between second and 7th July 1991 in Durban, South Africa. ANC resolutions on various issues including strategy and tactics, building the ANC, violence, negotiations, and foreign policy. Correspondence with Jennifer Davis of the Africa Fund.
Collection of materials including: News clippings on the situation in South Africa in the 1991 regarding, among others, pledges by foreign governments to support the ANC. Public perceptions of the ANC as a political force, ANC's fundraising campaigns, Reports of police agents amongst the ANC official structures, reports of violence in townships, tensions between SACP and ANC, and Mr. Nelson Mandela's overseas visits to push for the continuation of sanctions. Press statement by the ANC dated June 1991. A copy of "Front File" publication dated August 1991.
Collection of materials including: News clippings on the situation in South Africa in 1990 regarding the negotiations processes. Report from a working group of the Groote Schuur Minute. Journal article titled "Negotiations about what in South Africa?" by Heribert Adam and Kogila Moodley published in 1989 in the Journal of Modern African Studies Vol. 27 No. 3. Analysis report on the Pretoria Minute by the Southern Africa Project of the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights under Law.
Collection of materials including: News clippings on the situation in South Africa in the mid 1980s the South African governments views on releasing Nelson Mandela and possibility of the negotiation between the ANC, South African government. The blockade of Lesotho, the arrest of Mrs. Winnie Mandela and Nelson Mandela's rejection of conditional release offer. Publication "Talking the ANC" dated June 1986 Press release by ANC's observer mission to the United Nations dated 26 June 1985.
People for Southern Collection of material including: News clippings on the situation in South Africa in the mid 1980s including violent incidences in different parts of South Africa, unrest in townships, riot police clashes with protesters, resistance campaigns by students, press statements condemning the apartheid system by both Zenani Mandela as well as Allan Boesak. Appeals to support for Winnie Mandela by the Episcopal Church Africa.
Collection of materials including: News clippings in English from newspapers in the US and UK concerning the situation in South Africa during the 1960's. Text of Nelson Mandela's Rivonia Trial speech published by Christian Action and printed by A G Bishop & Sons Ltd (Kent, UK). Draft resolutions by the Executive Council of Episcopal Church on the Church's financial involvement with American banks that are members of a consortium extending credit to the South African government . Two copies dated 1968 and 1969 of newsletters published by the Information Service of South Africa. Open letter from The World Student Christian Federation titled The Banks and Apartheid. Testimony of Reverend Robert Chapmen presented at the hearing of the Executive and Finance Committee of the Executive Council of the Episcopal Church in 1969.
Episcopal churchmen for South Africa: various issues 1956-1987 Episcopal church people for a free South Africa: various issues 1986- 1989 Special report: The church makes a decision on South Africa/ Banks, Episcopal churchmen for South Africa, 1 September 1987 Namibia- Formula for independence? Episcopal church people for a free Southern Africa, January 1989 Episcopal churchmen for South Africa, brochure 1958 St Christopher's school Usuthu Mission,1989 Your witness, July 1969 I am a loyal Namibian 1973 Namibia 1978 Elizabeth Schmidt : One step in the wrong direction, revised edition January 1985 Various handouts and leaflets
Episcopal Church People for a Free South Africa (USA)
Materials documenting the work of the Washington Office on Africa, founded in 1972 to support freedom struggles in Southern Africa. Included in the collection are: Tributes to Nelson Mandela, some of which commemorate his 65th birthday. US House Resolution 430 entitled the Mandela Freedom Resolution, calling for Mandela's release from prison, and the lifting of state imposed banning orders on Winnie Mandela. Nelson Mandela's visit to the United States after his release from prison, the establishment of International Reception Committee to promote and co-ordinate activities during his visit to the United States.
16 mm Film with separated sound, unedited footage of interviews with former Robben Island prisoners. The footage used in the making of the documentary, "Voices from Robben Island." Interviewees include Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada, Andrew Mlangeni, Govan Mbeki, Mac Maharaj, Neville Alexander, Eddie Daniels Kwedie Mkallipi, Jacob Zuma, Seth Mazibuko, Terror Lekota, James Gregory, Mike Green, Sisulu's and Mlangenis visiting the island,Wild Sounds buzz, Wedding cake, Maqoma burial, and Steve Tshwete. Also includes scenes of prison life on Robben Island, and interviews with warders.
Missions and establishment of foreign representation of ANC in Tanzania for South African Freedom fighter on behalf of the oppressed people. 1961. Alfred Nzo statement to the OAU 6 June mentions Nelson Mandela 1963. Correspondence to the OAU liberation committee 1964. Statement to the OAU coordinating committee 1966. Bantustans and the meaning of Verwoerd's Bantustans. Press release to Mandela by I.B. Tabata addressing the society of young Africans. APDUSA report 1967. Correspondence on the South African freedom fighters by HIA Ugwa 1967. Correspondence with ANC- PAC 1967. Correspondence to Mbele from the OAU liberation committee 1971. A clarion call on all South Africans on a united struggle : South African refugee. Memorandum from the South African freedom fighters to Hon Manana- Presidents personal assistant state house - Dar es Salaam Cancellation of the united front 1974.
African National Congress (SA). Proceedings of the ANC 48th National Conference 1991. Statement of the deputy president of the African National Congress at the opening of the ANC National Conference July 1991. Strategy and tactics document. Rebuilding the organisation- document. Closing address of Nelson Mandela
Records of the African National Congress ( South Africa) the records are held by the Tanzanian Military Museum. Detailed biography of Nelson Mandela, Birth date, Studies, Youth league - Volunteers, Treason trial, Prison, Release. Keynote address of Nelson Mandela, Negotiations Umkhonto we Sizwe Statement.
Collection of photographs of Nelson Mandela, including: An early photograph of Mandela in his law office that he shared with Oliver Tambo. Nelson Mandela at the Defiance Campaign Trial 1952. Photographs taken during the Treason Trial 1956 -1961. Mandela’s return visit to his cell on Robben Island (1994). Portraits of Mandela. Featured alongside Mandela in the photographs are Moses Kotane, James Moroka, Yusuf Dadoo and Ruth First.
Rivonia Trial. The State versus Nelson Mandela and nine others, in the Supreme Court of South Africa Transvaal Provincial Division. The collection includes the Indictment; Annexure and Opening address; State's Concluding Address (part 1 to 4); and Judgment and Sentence.
Records of the State vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others (Walter Sisulu, Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Ahmed Kathrada, Lionel Bernstein, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor, Elias Motsoaledi and Andrew Mlangeni).
The Treason Trial. The State versus F Adams and others. In Special Criminal Court constituted in terms of government no. 1701 of 1958. The collection includes the Proceedings 1959 - 1961 (sixty-one volumes) Exhibits 1960 (three volumes)Reasons for Judgment 1961 (four volumes).
Programmes and programme segments broadcast on ABC, CBS, CNN, C-Span and PBS. Includes: FW De Klerk's announcement of the release of Nelson Mandela from prison. Reactions by US political leaders to the news of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Interviews with Makaziwe Mandela, Sydney Mufamadi, Patrick Lekota and the others, at the time when journalists await the release of Mandela from Victor Verster Prison. Speeches delivered by Nelson Mandela to supporters in Cape Town and Soweto, after his release. The conferment of the Freedom of the City of New York to Nelson Mandela by Mayor David Dinkins. Mandela's speeches to joint sessions of the US Congress, and to the United Nations Security Council. Mandela's visit to the White House after his election as the first democratically elected President of South Africa. An interview with Nelson Mandela conducted prior to his arrest and imprisonment. Mandela talking about his 27 years of imprisonment.
Collection of photographs taken during Nelson Mandela's visits to the United Nations. Scenes covered include: Nelson Mandela arriving at the United Nations (UN) to address the Special Committee Against Apartheid in the General Assembly (1990). Addresses to the UN General Assembly. Meetings with Secretary-General Javier Perez De Cuellar (1990 - 1991). Meetings with Secretary-General Boutros-Boutros Ghali (1992 - 1994). Nelson Mandela addressing press conferences at the UN Headquarters (1993 - 1994). Nelson Mandela addressing Heads of State attending the 49th session of the UN General Assembly (1994). Mandela's attendance of the 50th anniversary of the UN (1995. Nelson Mandela's attendance of the 53rd session of the General Assembly (1998). Nelson Mandela, as facilitator of the Burundi Peace Process, visiting the UN to brief the Security Council on the situation in Burundi. Featured together with Nelson Mandela are: Security Council President Mortar Ouane (Mali) and General Assembly President Harri Holkeri (Finland). Dumisani Khumalo, Permanent Representative of South Africa to the UN; Mayor David Dinkins of New York City. US boxers and boxing officials Mike Tyson, Jose Suleiman, Sugar Ray Leonard and Joe Frazier; Samir Sanbar, Assistant Secretary-General and Lakhdar Brahimi, formerly the Secretary-General's Special Representative for South Africa; Ibrahim Gambari, chairman of the Special Committee Against Apartheid; and Winnie Mandela.
Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, Kurt Waldheim, including: Documents issued by the UN unit on Apartheid concerning campaigns for the release of all political prisoners. The text of a statement by the chairperson of the UN Centre Against Apartheid regarding the imprisonment of both Nelson and Winnie Mandela, with extracts of a telegram received from Zenani and Zindzi Mandela on the continued imprisonment of their parents. Correspondence concerning the 1976 Day of Solidarity with South African political prisoners, and a statement by the Secretary-General to the UN Special Committee Against Apartheid. Documents relating to the 1977, 1979 and 1981 commemorations of South African political prisoners, with references made to long-serving prisoners such as Nelson Mandela and Zephania Mothopeng. A press release in which the chairperson of the South Africa Trust Fund, Anders I. Thunborg, calls for the release of Nelson Mandela. A press release in which the chairperson of the Special Committee Against Apartheid, ES Reddy, expresses his satisfaction with the campaign to free South African political prisoners, in which he quotes from the speech delivered by Zindzi Mandela at Wits University in 1980. Correspondents include ES Reddy, Leslie O. Harriman and Kurt Waldheim
Text of Resolution 2 (XXIII) as adopted by the United Nations (UN) Commission on Human Rights at its 914th meeting on 06 March 1967, including a request that statements delivered by Nelson Mandela at the Rivonia Trial, and by Bram Fischer in his recent trial, be given the widest publicity.
Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, include: Text of a statement by Achkar Marot, the representative of Guinea, to the UN, refers to Nelson Mandela's imprisonment on Robben Island. Response by the South African government to two articles published in the "UN Monthly Chronicle," which discusses the South African government's position on the Rivonia Trial, including Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock. The conclusion and recommendations of the International Seminar on Apartheid, Racial Discrimination and Colonialism in Southern Africa held in Kitwe, Zambia (1967). The conference recommended special campaigns around the incarceration of outstanding leaders such as Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Robert Sobukwe and Bram Fischer.
Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, including: UN Security Council resolutions on decolonisation and apartheid, many of which call for the release of all South African political prisoners, 1964 - 1965. UN Special Committee Against Apartheid recommendations to the Security Council, including calls for the release of all political prisoners, 1962 - 1969. A report to the Secretary-General by the Expert Group on South Africa, with reference to opposition to South Africa being constituted as a republic, and Nelson Mandela's role in the call for a nationwide stay-at-home strike as a means of protest. Nelson Mandela's renewal of the call for a national convention, following the call made at the All in Africa Conference of African Leaders (Pietermaritzburg, 1961), and a quote by Nelson Mandela against racism from his 1962 trial, 1961 - 1964. The text of a letter from Mary Benson to the UN Special Committee Against Apartheid enclosing a statement made by Abram Fischer, Q.C., with reference to the Defiance Campaign, Congress of the People, Treason Trial, Nelson Mandela in hiding, the formation of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the purchasing of the Lilliesleaf Farm and the Rivonia Trial, 1966.
Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, include: UN press statement calling for the abandonment of the Rivonia Trial and the release of leaders such as Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu. Letter from Chief Albert Luthuli, President of the African National Congress, sent to the UN Secretary-General, U Thant, about the South African crisis. Albert Luthuli's letter refers the Rivonia Trial and the danger that some or all of the accused could be given the death sentence, and requests that the UN help to save the lives of the Rivonia Trialists. Statement by the UN Special Committee against Apartheid, with reference to the Rivonia Trialists. A record of the 1128th meeting of the UN Security Council, with commentary from Mr. such, the Chinese representative, saying that the Rivonia accused are "on their way to becoming apartheid martyrs." International Committee for the Red Cross (ICRC) memorandum about relief for the victims of political persecution in South Africa, with reference to the ongoing Rivonia Trial of Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu and others.
Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, including: The General Assembly Resolution 1761 (XVII) of November 1962, requesting that the South African government abandon all arbitrary trials and release all political prisoners. The General Assembly Resolution A/RES/1881 (XVIII) on the policies of apartheid of the government of South Africa, with reference to reports of the upcoming Rivonia Trial, with the possibility of death sentences for a large number of prisoners, 1963. Notes on the question of apartheid in South Africa, including a review of recent UN proceedings that call for the release of all political prisoners, 1964. Security Council resolutions calling for the release of all political prisoners, 1963 - 1964. Security Council resolution S/5761, calling for the ending of the [Rivonia Trial], and the granting of amnesty to all political prisoners and detainees, particularly the defendants in the Rivonia Trial, 1964.
Background notes on the question of race conflict in South Africa because of Apartheid, including an annexure on the indictment of Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Yusuf Dadoo, David Bopape, Yusuf Cachalia, Ahmed Kathrada, Daniel Tloome and Nana Sita for the contravention of apartheid laws during the 1952 Defiance Campaign.
Leaflet issued by the African National Congress in South Africa in reply to the South African police statement that the African National Congress has been smashed. Enclosure mentions that the ANC is alive and demands the release of South African leaders- Free Mandela, Free Sisulu, Free Mbeki, Free Sobukwe, Free Kathrada. Also mention the Treason and the Rivonia trail.
Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, including: The charter of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), with a resolution on apartheid and racial discrimination, calling for the immediate release of Nelson Mandela, Robert Sobukwe and all other South African political prisoners, 1963. News clippings from the New York Times, with reports on the torture of South African detainees, including reports on the detention of Winnie Mandela and an application to protect her from threats by the South African police, 1970. UN Security Council and OAU resolutions and declarations on decolonisation and apartheid, many of which call for the release of all South African political prisoners, 1964 - 1971. Correspondence between the UN and OAU.
Collection of photographs covering major political events, including: The 1952 Defiance Campaign. The Bantu Education Boycott of 1955. Organising for the 1956 Women's March to the Union Buildings in Pretoria. Treason Trial 1956 - 1961, and photographs taken during this period such as Nelson Mandela at Jerry Moloi’s boxing gym in Orlando. Photographs of Nelson Mandela and fellow comrades at meetings. The All in Africa Conference held in Pietermaritzburg in December 1961. Photographs of family and friends at the funeral of Thembekile Mandela, July 1969. Scenes of Nelson Mandela’s visit to Ghana in November 1994. Also featured in the photographs are: Jerry Moloi, a professional featherweight boxer; James Phillips; Ahmed Kathrada; Barney Desai; Ruth First; Joe Slovo; Sonia Bunting; Evelyn Mandela; Winnie Mandela; Aziz Pahad; Helen Joseph; Moses Kotane; Peter Nthite; Walter Sisulu; Harrison Motlana; Ghanaian Head of State, John Jerry Rawlings; and Togolese Prime Minister, Joseph Kokou Koffigoh. Photographers include: Gopal Naransamy, Bob Gosani, Peter Magubane and Jurgen Schadeberg.
Programmes and programme segments broadcast on National Public Radio. Includes reports on the following: Appeals by Nelson Mandela to the United Nations Security Council, to assist Burundi. The 10th anniversary of Nelson Mandela’s release from prison. The international AIDS conference held in South Africa, and Nelson Mandela’s closing speech at the conference. Nelson Mandela’s role in the Burundi peace talks. The restoration of Nelson Mandela’s 1964 Rivonia Trial speech by the British Library. World Conference against Racism held in South Africa. Nelson Mandela’s response to George W. Bush’s ‘war on terrorism.’ The international AIDS conference held in Barcelona, with speeches by Bill Clinton and Nelson Mandela. World Summit on Sustainable Development, held in Johannesburg, South Africa. Peter Megabank talking about his work as Nelson Mandela’s official photographer. The death of South African anti-apartheid leader, Walter Sisulu, at the age of ninety. Bush’s visit to Africa. Birthday tributes to Nelson Mandela. Audio history of Nelson Mandela’s life. Nelson Mandela’s announcement to the media that his son, Makgatho, has died of AIDS.
Programmes and programme segments broadcast on National Public Radio. Includes reports on the following: Disagreement in South Africa over apartheid crimes. Judges at South Africa’s new Constitutional Court being sworn in by Nelson Mandela. Winnie Mandela being fired from the cabinet of the South African government. Local government elections in South Africa. Nelson Mandela calling for sanctions against Nigeria, in the light of political executions. Openings of the South African parliament. The marital divorce of Nelson and Winnie Mandela. South Africa’s adoption of a new constitution and Nelson Mandela signing of the new constitution into law. Nelson Mandela’s involvement in the Zairian peace talks. FW De Klerk’s resignation from the National Party. Nelson Mandela stepping down as the president of the African National Congress (ANC). President Bill Clinton’s visit to South Africa, and his visit with Nelson Mandela to Robben Island. Reports that Mandela was the target of a poison plot. Nelson Mandela’s 80th birthday celebrations and his marriage to Graca Machel. The awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to Nelson Mandela. Addresses by Nelson Mandela to the United Nations. The final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Preparations for the 1999 South African general elections. Nelson Mandela’s final speech to the South African Parliament, before his retirement from politics. Political profiles of Nelson Mandela. The inauguration of Thabo Mbeki as the new President of South Africa.
Programmes and programme segments broadcast on National Public Radio. Includes reports on the following: Nelson Mandela’s release from prison, and his first public speech to a mass gathering on the Grand Parade in Cape Town. Comments by Nelson Mandela and Harold Wolpe on the importance of continued economic sanctions against South Africa. Comments by Randall Robinson of Transafrica who believes that Nelson Mandela’s release should not be seen as the ultimate solution to all of South Africa’s problems. The reaction of the African National Congress (ANC) to Nelson Mandela’s release, and reports on the future of South Africa in light of Nelson Mandela’s release from prison. Report on race relations in South Africa since 1962, in which Nelson Mandela is mentioned. Nelson Mandela’s role in political negotiations and in shaping the new South African government, including reports on various meetings with FW De Klerk. Nelson Mandela’s role in seeking a solution to political violence in South Africa, particularly in the KwaZulu-Natal region. Profiles of Nelson Mandela, including reports about his birthplace in the Transkei. The London rock concert held in honour of Nelson Mandela after his release from prison. Report that the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was instrumental in the arrest of Nelson Mandela in 1962. Nelson Mandela’s tour of the United States after his release from prison. Speeches delivered at the United Nations. Nelson Mandela’s meetings with Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) leader, Yasser Arafat, and Libyan leader, Muammar Gadhafi. ANC’s use of armed struggle as a bargaining chip in negotiations. Meetings between President Bush and Nelson Mandela, and Nelson Mandela addresses the US Congress. Nelson Mandela’s views on the Irish Republican Army (IRA). Meetings between President Margaret Thatcher and Nelson Mandela. Political violence in South African townships during the South African transition process. The suspension of armed struggle by the ANC. The first ANC conference held inside South Africa’s borders in thirty years. Nelson Mandela’s election as president of the ANC. The marital separation of Nelson and Winnie Mandela. Re-writing of South Africa’s constitution. The ANC’s suspension of talks with the South African government because of the Boipatong massacre. Comments by Nelson Mandela on the Bisho Massacre. The resumption of talks between the ANC and the South African government on South Africa’s political future. Reaction to the news of Chris Hani’s assassination. The awarding of the Liberty Medal to Nelson Mandela and De Klerk by President Bill Clinton. Nelson Mandela calling for the lifting of sanctions. The awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk. The ANC’s campaign for South Africa’s first democratic elections. Reports of voting in the historic 1994 elections. A chronology of South African history with Mandela mentioned. The election victory of the ANC and Nelson Mandela’s victory speech. Inauguration ceremony in which Nelson Mandela was sworn in as the first democratically elected President of South Africa. Nelson Mandela’s first State of the Nation address, and his first 100 days as President Nelson Mandela’s visit to the US as President of South Africa, encouraging investment. Reports on Nelson Mandela's biography, ‘Long Walk to Freedom.' The death of Joe Slovo and memorial tributes by Nelson Mandela.