IDAF started in 1956 as Christian Action, later becoming the British Defence and Aid Fund which started its work with the 1956 Treason Trial in South Africa. IDAF became an international organisation in 1965. The South African Defence and Aid Fund was banned in 1966. Over the years, many national affiliates and branches were set-up. It smuggled millions of pounds into South Africa to defend thousands of political activists and provided aid to their families. It paid lawyers to defend political detainees and provided financial support families of political prisoners. It published numerous books and films on repression in South Africa.
The City of London Anti-Apartheid Group was a breakaway group of the national AAM, founded in 1982 by Norma Kitson, and allied to the Revolutionary Communist Group. City Group developed a close working relationship not only with the ANC and SWAPO, but also with the Pan-Africanist Congress (PAC), AZAPO, and Black Consciousness supporters. In 1985 City Group was expelled from the national AAM, and from 1986 - 1990 its supporters maintained a Non-Stop Picket outside the South African Embassy in Trafalgar Square calling for the release of Nelson Mandela. The City Group archives provide an opportunity to understand a different perspective on the international anti-apartheid movement.
Activities in Scotland started in the 1960s with AAM branches in Glasgow and Edinburgh, leading to the establishment of the Scottish Committee and opening an office in 1989. It was active in boycott campaigns, support to South African anti-apartheid organisations, the End Loans to South Africa campaigns and the call for comprehensive sanctions. It had a women’s subcommittee, youth desk and a trade union subcommittee as well as a Scottish Committee for Local Authority Action against Apartheid. It dissolved in 1994 and continued as Action for Southern Africa Scotland (ACTSA Scotland).
Amnesty International was founded in 1961 in London as an independent organisation to mobilise public opinion in defence of people who are imprisoned because their ideas are unacceptable to the government in their country. One of their areas of work is campaigning for the release of political prisoners and actions against torture.
RSN Class actuality- concept report by Freek Robinson on the Mandela tribute concert at Wembley in London with the actuality of Mr Nelson Mandela who attacks the Thatcher government's stand on sanctions.
COSAWR was founded in 1978 by South African draft (military service) resisters active in the UK. It was a self-help organisation for those escaping conscription in the SADF and to support those who were resisting conscription within the country. It raised the issue of militarism in South Africa and conducted research into the South African military structure and resistance to it. COSAWR established a presence in several other European countries. Its magazine 'Resister' became the leading magazine on South Africa's militarisation.
Portraits and group photos of Nelson Mandela's visit to London. Shots of Mandela arriving by car, in his hotel room reading the newspaper with his feet on a stool. Journalists, Archie Sibeko, David Cameroon and family are also in the photos.
Collection of historical photographs held by the Mayibuye Archives: Yusuf Dadoo and Joe Slovo in a march in London, 1963, in response to increasing repression against apartheid in South Africa and the arrest of Nelson Mandela and other comrades; Mandela with members of the National Liberation Front of Algeria in 1962; Mandela posing for a photo with Batshaka Cele, a relative of Winnie Madikizela Mandela.
Research for the exhibition ''Nelson Mandela- Character, Comrade, Leader, Prisoner, Negotiator, Statesman''. Photographs of Mandela during his presidential years, with Archbishop Desmond Tutu and Mangosuthu Buthelezi; Angola Soldiers; Pollsmoor prison; COSATU.
Calendar notes: Madiba records sell well. Record calling for the release of Nelson Mandela has made a big impression on pop charts after only one week "Free Nelson Mandela" by the Special AKA - a multi-racial group - is No 4 on Capitol Radio charts & no 68 on the national charts
The anniversary was on the eve of the 90th anniversary of Oliver Tambo's birth. The lecture series was born from this discussion. The inaugural Lecture was delivered by the then South African Foreign Minister, Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma
Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal created to mark the 60th anniversary of Her Majesty's accession to the Throne and granted to Mandela for his dedicated services to his peers, his community and to Canada
This long-term vision captures the central role society plays in shaping children’s lives and to give voice and dignity to the African child by building a rights-based movement. 'Friends of the NMCM' were established in New York (23/10/95) and in London (12/07/96)
The UK programme is administered by Canon Collins Educational Trust for South Africa since 1998, enables postgraduates from disadvantaged communities to study in the UK in areas, which are not available in their own country, and will contribute positively to the transformation process-taking place there