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Speeches South Africa
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Presidential Address at the Annual Conference of the African National Congress Youth League

  • ZA COM MR-S-001
  • Item
  • December 1951
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion - Annual conference of the African National Congress Youth League
Summary - This address outlines the main threats in the world (imperialism, capitalism), in Africa (colonialism), and in South Africa (fascism). African Nationalism is seen as the response to these threats and the Youth League is seen as the guardian of this ideology. The Youth League should not continue to debate African Nationalism as an ideology but rather focus on how to mobilise the masses in a national struggle, how to respond to the Suppression of Communism Act and how to organise and discipline its members.

Africa, colonialism and war

  • ZA COM MR-S-002
  • Item
  • 1953-08-23
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion - Natal Peace Conference
Summary - Imperial powers exploit Africa for its raw materials, its strategic value as military bases and its cheap labour. Africa is used as an instrument of war and the first casualties are its people. There is a link between the struggle for peace and the struggle against colonialism in Africa.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

No Easy Walk to Freedom

  • ZA COM MR-S-003
  • Item
  • 1953-09-21
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion - Presidential address to the ANC (Transvaal) Congress
Summary - The political climate has changed from the successes of the Campaign for the Defiance of Unjust Laws of 1952 and the ANC must be prepared with a new approach and with a strong and disciplined membership. The new approach is called the "M" Plan and calls for active recruitment and action at the grassroots level. This will enable the ANC to function without calling attention to itself. There is no place in the ANC for those opposed to the "M" Plan.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

We Defy : 10,000 volunteers protest against 'unjust laws'

  • ZA COM MR-S-005
  • Item
  • Aug-52
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion -Statement of the Campaign's aims
Summary - This statement focuses on the support by masses of volunteers from all races for the first stages of the Defiance of Unjust Laws Campaign. It also reiterates the main aims of the Campaign: to oppose an unjust system and struggle for freedom for non-Europeans.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Extracts from Nelson Mandela's Testimony at the Treason Trial 1956-60

  • ZA COM MR-S-006
  • Item
  • 1960
  • Part of Speeches

Extracts from the testimony by Mandela in 1960, responding as spokesman for the accused to questions from the bench, the prosecution and the defence lawyers on the content of ANC documents and question of violent intent on the part of those on trial.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Demonstrations against proclamation of Republic : Answers to questions by Drum

  • ZA COM MR-S-007
  • Item
  • May 1961
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion - Drum asked several non-European leaders for answers to three questions concerning the planned deomstrations. These were Mr. Mandela's answers.
Summary - The demonstrations will be peaceful and will include work stoppages, meetings and processions. The aim of the protest is to have grievances heard and, ideally, have a national convention to discuss a new constitution.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

General Strike : Statement by Nelson Mandela on behalf of the National Action Council following the stay-at-home in May 1961

  • ZA COM MR-S-008
  • Item
  • May 1961
  • Part of Speeches

The statement reviewed the successes and weaknesses of the three day stay-at-home in May 1961, as well as the responses to it from journalists, students, trade unions, and from opposing groups like the Pan-Africanist Congress. It also announced the policy of non-collaboration with the government and renewed the call for an intensified international boycott and the complete isolation of South Africa.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

The struggle is my life : Press statement issued on 26 June 1961

  • ZA COM MR-S-009
  • Item
  • 26 June 1961
  • Part of Speeches

This statement, issued after the positive response to a three day strike, announces a second phase in the fight against Verwoerd, a country-wide campaign of non-cooperation, and announces a National Convention. It also explains his decision, in accordance with the advice of the National Action Council, to carry on his political work underground rather than leaving the country or giving himself up for arrest to a government he did not recognise.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

I am prepared to die : Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock at the opening of the defence case in the Rivonia Trial

  • ZA COM MR-S-010
  • Item
  • 20 April 1964
  • Part of Speeches

In this, the opening of the Defence case, Mandela states that his experiences in South Africa and his pride as an African underlie his actions. He details how and why Umkhonto we Sizwe was formed and what its strategies were. He also responds to the allegations of the State one by one and includes an explanation of both his ideological influences and his ideals.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

I am not prepared to sell the birthright of the people to be free

  • ZA COM MR-S-013
  • Item
  • 10 February 1985
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion - UDF Rally to celebrate Archbishop Tutu award of the Nobel Peace Prize
Summary - Mandela's response to the latest offer of freedom by the South African Government. It was read on his behalf by his daughter Zindzi Mandela.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Nelson Mandela's address to rally in Cape Town on his release from prison

  • ZA COM MR-S-016
  • Item
  • 11 February 1990
  • Part of Speeches

First public speech by Mandela in 27 years, after his release from prison. Mandela ends this address with a quote from his speech from the dock given at Rivonia trial in 1964. Note he is quoting from the prepared speech and not as he actually delivered at the trial. Both the verbatim and prepared speeches are reproduced.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Mandela emphasises commitment to peace

  • ZA COM MR-S-018
  • Item
  • 13 February 1990
  • Part of Speeches

Press conference given to local and foreign journalists by Nelson Mandela on his release from prison

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Interview by Johannesburg Television Service

  • ZA COM MR-S-019
  • Item
  • 15 February 1990
  • Part of Speeches

Interviw upon release from prison. The title on the interview text on the ANC website is as above but on their title page it is: Interview with SABC

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Nelson Mandela's address to rally in Durban

  • ZA COM MR-S-020
  • Item
  • 1990-02-25
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion: First address in Durban after his release from prison
Presentation notes:
Text in CAPITALS indicates where the address was delivered in Zulu. Pangas referred to in the text are machetes, widely used in Natal's sugar growing areas for cutting cane. Rev. John Langalibelele Dube, first President of the ANC and Pixley ka Isaka Seme, ANC founder member and its President between 1930-7, are referred to in paragraph 5. The "1986 Indaba solution" was a proposal for a change in the structure of regional government in Natal "Asinamali", means we have no money, and was a slogan of the 1983 campaign against rent increases in Durban townships.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

TIME Interview with Mandela

  • ZA COM MR-S-022
  • Item
  • 26 February 1990
  • Part of Speeches

On his fifth day of freedom, Nelson Mandela invited a TIME correspondent, Scott MacLeod, into his home for a chat about prison, freedom and the outlook for his country.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Speech at opening of 5th World Parks Congress, 8 September 2003

  • ZA COM MR-S-1009
  • Item
  • 2003-09-08
  • Part of Speeches

Opening of 5th World Parks Congress "Benefits Beyond Boundaries" ;The 5th World Parks Congress was to have been held in 2002 but was postponed on request by the South African Government because South Africa was hosting the World Summit on Sustainable Development. Mandela, and Her Majesty, Queen Noor of Jordan were both Patrons of the Congress.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

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