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Address by Nelson Mandela on Behalf of the ANC delegation to the conference of the Pan-African Freedom Movement of East and Central Africa : A land ruled by the gun

  • ZA COM MR-S-004
  • Item
  • 1962-02-03
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion - Address to the Conference of the Pan-African Freedom Movement of East and Central Africa
Summary - This address summaries the assistance that the international community, especially African states, has given to the freedom fighters in South Africa. It outlines the political and social situation in South Africa and the ANC's responses and move from policies of non-violence to the formation of Umkhonto we Sizwe. The people's resolve to fight is steadfast but the continued support of PAFMECA is crucial.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Africa, colonialism and war

  • ZA COM MR-S-002
  • Item
  • 1953-08-23
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion - Natal Peace Conference
Summary - Imperial powers exploit Africa for its raw materials, its strategic value as military bases and its cheap labour. Africa is used as an instrument of war and the first casualties are its people. There is a link between the struggle for peace and the struggle against colonialism in Africa.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Demonstrations against proclamation of Republic : Answers to questions by Drum

  • ZA COM MR-S-007
  • Item
  • May 1961
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion - Drum asked several non-European leaders for answers to three questions concerning the planned deomstrations. These were Mr. Mandela's answers.
Summary - The demonstrations will be peaceful and will include work stoppages, meetings and processions. The aim of the protest is to have grievances heard and, ideally, have a national convention to discuss a new constitution.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Extract from the Briefing to the Organisation of African Unity (OAU)

  • ZA COM MR-S-051
  • Item
  • 1990-09-08
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion - Briefing to fifth session of the OAU Ad Hoc Committee on southern Africa
Summary - In a speech to the fifth session of the OAU Ad Hoc Committee on Southern Africa,Nelson Mandela dealt with the wave of violence in South Africa, and said that certain elements in South Africa were behind the rise of a movement similar to that of Renamo which had caused enormous death and destruction in Mozambique. They had incited massacres in the Transvaal, irrespective of tribal origins and political affiliations. Death squads were prowling around the country. There was also violence from the state agencies. As a result of the failure of the government to take firm action against these elements, there was a widespread demand, especially from the youth, that the people should be armed. He continued as in transcript.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Extracts from Nelson Mandela's Testimony at the Treason Trial 1956-60

  • ZA COM MR-S-006
  • Item
  • 1960
  • Part of Speeches

Extracts from the testimony by Mandela in 1960, responding as spokesman for the accused to questions from the bench, the prosecution and the defence lawyers on the content of ANC documents and question of violent intent on the part of those on trial.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

General Strike : Statement by Nelson Mandela on behalf of the National Action Council following the stay-at-home in May 1961

  • ZA COM MR-S-008
  • Item
  • May 1961
  • Part of Speeches

The statement reviewed the successes and weaknesses of the three day stay-at-home in May 1961, as well as the responses to it from journalists, students, trade unions, and from opposing groups like the Pan-Africanist Congress. It also announced the policy of non-collaboration with the government and renewed the call for an intensified international boycott and the complete isolation of South Africa.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

I am not prepared to sell the birthright of the people to be free

  • ZA COM MR-S-013
  • Item
  • 10 February 1985
  • Part of Speeches

Occasion - UDF Rally to celebrate Archbishop Tutu award of the Nobel Peace Prize
Summary - Mandela's response to the latest offer of freedom by the South African Government. It was read on his behalf by his daughter Zindzi Mandela.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

I am prepared to die : Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock at the opening of the defence case in the Rivonia Trial

  • ZA COM MR-S-010
  • Item
  • 20 April 1964
  • Part of Speeches

In this, the opening of the Defence case, Mandela states that his experiences in South Africa and his pride as an African underlie his actions. He details how and why Umkhonto we Sizwe was formed and what its strategies were. He also responds to the allegations of the State one by one and includes an explanation of both his ideological influences and his ideals.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Interview by Johannesburg Television Service

  • ZA COM MR-S-019
  • Item
  • 15 February 1990
  • Part of Speeches

Interviw upon release from prison. The title on the interview text on the ANC website is as above but on their title page it is: Interview with SABC

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Mandela emphasises commitment to peace

  • ZA COM MR-S-018
  • Item
  • 13 February 1990
  • Part of Speeches

Press conference given to local and foreign journalists by Nelson Mandela on his release from prison

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Mandela: Message to India

  • ZA COM MR-S-185
  • Item
  • 1994-06-18
  • Part of Speeches

On the occasion of an India-South Africa Solidarity Meet to discuss the post-apartheid South African scene, organised by the Indian National Social Action Forum (New Delhi, June 11, 1994), Nelson Mandela sent a message in his capacity as the President of South Africa and another in his capacity as the President of the African National Congress. Here the excerpts from Mandela's messages which bring out the bonds of solidarity that bind our two countries.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

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