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South African Clothing and Textile Workers Union

Natal Joint Crisis Committee: Reports and correspondence relating to the violence in Natal and to the meeting aimed at reducing the violence : Correspondents include E. Barayi, Mangosuthu Buthelezi, John Copelyn, Arch Bishop Denis Hurley, A. Gumede, Nelson Mandela and Willies Mchunu.

Womens' National Coalition

South African Newspaper Collection

Collection of South African newspapers. More comprehensive than collection in Pretoria branch. Request relevant dates or publications to find coverage on Rivonia Trail.

National Library of South Africa

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Treason Trial and other cases
Notes on legislation involved in the trial.
Fund-raising campaigns by the South African Legal Defence Committee under the auspices of
Christian Action
Correspondence include Canon Collins, Solly Sachs, Dr Guy Rout
Defence Aid Fund summaries of income and expenditure
Biographical information about judges in the trial, including Justice Rump, Justice Luxor, Justice
Kennedy
Lists of 61 released
Detailed summaries of preparatory examinations
Brief biographies of some of the accused including: Oliver Tambo, Z.K. Matthews, James Calata,
Walter Sisulu, Nelson Mandela, W Conco, Leslie Masina, Chief Luthuli, Kesval Moonsamy, Dickson
Fuyani, Billy Nair, Duma (Philemon) Nokwe, Wilton Mkwayi, Elloitt Mfaxa, Len Lee- Warden, Helen Joseph Florence Matomela
"Difficulties and hardships as results of the arrests and the trial" - document
Full list of accused persons
Professions and status of the accused
Statement by Canon Collins concerning the arrests of the Treason Trialists
Excerpts from speeches made at an ANC meeting held on 7/4/1954, as reported for the
prosecution by Detective Sergeant Mistake Mesilla
Condition of the above: very fragile

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Herbert Shore Collection

Collection of colour photographs of the African National Congress / Congress Alliance leaders, including Nelson Mandela, Oliver Tambo, Ahmed Kathrada, Moses Kotane, Yusuf Dadoo and Dan Tloome, gathered on the roof of Kathrada's flat at Kholvad House in Johannesburg during the 1950s.

Shore, Herbert

Archbishop Trevor Huddleston

Engraved Freedom Charter - original presented to Archbishop Huddleston at the Congress of the
People in Kliptown.

Huddleston, Trevor

Toni Strassburg Papers

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-064
  • Collection
  • 1950 - 1960
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

One folder of press cuttings on Treason Trial, bannings and arrests, and Rivonia Trial. Rivonia Trial reports in New York Times and South African newspapers. Also article on Bernstein escape after rearrest after acquittal and escape of Wolpe and Goldreich.

Strassburg, Toni

Toni Strassburg

Press cuttings- 1960 State of emergency, Treason trail, Rivonia trial press cuttings re banning and house arrests: Hilda an Lionel Bernstein; Helen Joseph; Barbara Harmel; Michael Harmel;
Rica Hodgson; Jack Hodgson; Ann Nicholson; Brian Bunting; Roley Arenstein; Cecil Williams
Scrapbook containing miscellaneous news clippings mainly during the 1950's/ 60's period and
relating primarily to detentions
Toni Strassburg Papers, 1950-1960

Strassburg, Toni

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

File: treason Trial Defence Fund press summary volumes 28-29
-Regular Bulletin giving a factual resume of the proceedings of the Treason Trial, issued by the
- Treason Trial Defence Fund.
- Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volumes 31-32
- Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volume 90 as above
- Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volume 95 as above
- Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volume 100 as above
- Treason Trial Defence Fund Press Summary Volume 123 as above

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Publications, booklets and pamphlets. These include the following titles: General strike : a report of the three day strike in South Africa ( May29, 30.31 1961) organised by Nelson Mandela (Secretary, National Action Council of South Africa)
Prisoners of Apartheid: a biographical list of political prisoners and banned persons in South Africa/
IDAF in cooperation with UN Centre Against Apartheid South African prisoners and the Red Cross Investigation: an examination by the International
Defence and Aid Fund with prisoners' testimony. Includes general recommendations of the ICRC
sent to the SA government 18 June 1964, the SA government reply, conditions at Leeuwkop,
Robben Island, Victor Verster, Vooruitsig Prison Kroonstad and other prisons, Robert Sobukwe on
Robben Island.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence and other documentation concerning the Treason Trial Defence Fund. Most of the documentation deals with the legal costs for the trial. It includes a letter of gratitude to the Treason Trial Defence Fund, on behalf of the Trialists by Ahmed Kathrada, a list of items up for auction in aid of the Treason Trial Defence Fund as well as a correspondence with those against whom charges were withdrawn. There are also Treason Trial Defence account for the year ended 31 March 1961 and balance sheets as at the date. Correspondents include IA Maisels Canon Collins, Neville D. Vandyke, Reverend AG Sidebotham, Mrs. JF Burnstall, Mary Turok, Freda Levson, Freda Nuell, Bram Fischer, Ros Ainsley, Jack Barnett, Harvey Mitchell, K. Hardie, and Edward Joseph.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Drafts and undated memoranda concerning the 1956 Treason Trial. These include full list of the accused, typescripts on the Treason Trial arrests (presumably for publishing) , Christian Action
appeals after arrests, a list of sponsors of the South African Defence Fund, statements by Canon
Collins and Bishop Ambrose Reeves on the ending of the Treason Trial, and article entitled
" Impressions of Johannesburg" written by a foreigner who visited Johannesburg to attend the trial.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence, notes, campaign materials, legal accounts and other documentation concerning the Treason Trial in which 156 members of the Congress Alliance were charged. These include a statement by Canon Collins concerning arrests of the treason Trialists, a document on the difficulties and hardships encountered as a result of arrests and the trial, notes on the legislation involved in the trial, detailed summaries of the preparatory examination, the full list of the 61 accused who were
acquitted after preparatory examination, the professions and status of the accused, Defence and
Aid Fund summaries of income and expenditure, and documentation concerning fund- raising
campaigns by the South African legal Defence Committee under the auspices of Christian Action.
There is also biographical information about the judges in the trial including justice Rumpff, Justice Ludorf and Justice Kennedy, as well as biographies of some of the accused, including Oliver Tambo,
Z.K. Matthews, James Calata, Walter Sisulu, Nelson Mandela, William Conco, Leslie Masina, Chief Albert Luthuli, Billy Nair, Duma Nokwe, Wilton Mkwayi, Helen Joseph and Florence Matomela.
Also included are excerpts from speeches made at an ANC meeting held on 7 April 1954, as reported for the prosecution by Detective Sergeant Matseke Malesela, Correspondents include
Canon John Collins, E S ( Solly ) Sachs and Dr Guy Ruth.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Pamphlets issued by Nelson Mandela on behalf of the All in African National Action Council, in
which he calls for a three day strike, in protest against the inauguration of South Africa as a republic.
These include appeals to the people of South West Africa to the student community and to members
of the Transkei an Territorial Authority.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Newspaper Clippings

Scrapbook containing Newsclippings dated May-October 1961. Includes clippings related to the
South African politics, reported in international newspapers such as the Guardian, Daily Herald,
New York Tribune, Financial Times, Observer, Daily Telegraph and Evening Standard.

Congress of Democrats

Congress of Democrats papers donated by Ben Turok
Minutes of meetings of the Johannesburg Regional Committee 1961-1962
National Consultative Committee 1961-1962
National Executive Committee 1961-1962
Transvaal Region 1962
National Consultative committee constitution
Documents relating to the South African National Convention 1961
Johannesburg City Council, South African Congress of Trade Unions
Jewish Community, Political Education and workers compensation
Correspondence, memoranda, press statements, financial records of the congress of democrats
Newsletters including congress bulletins, counter attack: Bulletin of the South African congress
of democrats, The emergent African Middle class, Combat Fighting Talk etc.
Publications re Chief Albert Luthuli, Bantustans, the Pondo Revolt
Pamphlets relating to amongst other subjects, the sabotage bill, Sharpeville, stay at home education etc.
Passports belonging to Ben Turok
Other general documents

Turok, Ben

ANC Photographic Collection

Photographs of Nelson Mandela in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia prior to his arrest and imprisonment.

African National Congress (ANC)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence concerning the State versus Nelson Mandela in1962. There is an original letter from Nelson Mandela during his incarceration at Pretoria Prison, to Canon Collins dated 5 November
1962, in which Nelson Mandela acknowledges the support received from Christian Action. Other subjects include the conduct of staff members of the Chief magistrates office during the trial and legal accounts. Correspondents include Canon John Collins, James Kantor, Harold Wolpe, Ruth Finkesltein and Alex Hepple.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Campaign materials, Newsclippings and press statement concerning the State versus Nelson
Mandela in 1962. These include letters to the editors of The Times (London) and The Guardian
newspapers concerning the imprisonment of Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu, reports on Nelson
Mandela's five-year prison sentence, press statement issued by the Anti- Apartheid in August 1962
calling for messages of support to be sent to Nelson Mandela, and extracts from Canon Collins chairperson's report at the AGM of the Christian Action in November 1962, talking betrayal of Nelson Mandela, the remarkable " Black Pimpernel"

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Congress of Democrats

Correspondence, minutes, regional and branch news, publications and reports of the Congress of Democrats
Subjects covered include:
Attempts to solicit support for a National Convention in opposition to the inauguration of South Africa
as a Republic. Nelson Mandela’s participation in the PAFMECSA conference in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in 1962. Public meetings and demonstrations, protesting the arrest of Nelson Mandela in 1962. The inauguration of the Republic of South Africa. Biographical profiles of Nelson Mandela.

Turok, Ben

National Archives United Kingdom

Closing case against Nelson Mandela (includes information that Mr. L.J. Blom-Cooper from Amnesty saw the magistrate leaving for lunch with the Security Branch in their car. This led to Nelson Mandela to call the magistrate to recuse himself from the trial but he refused. Confidential report from the British embassy. ( 26 October1962). Nelson Mandela's trial. Report from British embassy. Arrest of Nelson Mandela (including biographical details)
Report from the British embassy, Pretoria to the Foreign office, London.

British Embassy, Pretoria

Eli Weinberg Collection

Collection of photographs covering Nelson Mandela's role in some of the major political events of the 1950s and early 1960s period. The collection has documents on Anti-pass law demonstrations and the Defiance Campaign. The collection also includes a series of photographs of the wedding of Nelson and Winnie Mandela, and various portraits of Nelson Mandela.

Weinberg, Eli

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Pamphlets calling for the release of the Rivonia Trialists (international)
Campaigns to save lives of the Rivonia Trialists- Anti Apartheid Movement
Original letter dated 5/11/1962 from Nelson Mandela to Canon Collins, acknowledging support
received from Christian Action. News clippings and campaign material re: Mandela's 5 year prison sentence. Nelson Mandela's testimony at his first trial, 1962 in which he talks extensively about his African trip. Copies and pamphlets calling for 3 day strike in 1961. Newsclippings from Observer, November 1962 re: Nelson Mandela's sentencing to 5 years in prison.
State versus Nelson Mandela 1962: main count particulars to the charge, list of publications,
documents and pamphlets presented as evidence, 1st alternative charge, 2nd alternative charge. Letter to the chief magistrate 16 October 1962 from Kantor Zwarenstein and partners re: conduct
by members of staff concerning State versus Nelson Mandela trial. Correspondence between Harold Wolpe and Canon Collins, October 1962 Correspondence with Canon Collins re: account in the Mandela trial. Correspondence include Ruth Finkelstein, Alex Hepple
Correspondence concerning the trial (Harold Wolpe)
Application for a remand of the trial for two weeks due to Adv. Slovo not being able to present because of his banning orders, 1962
Explanation of charge against Mandela
Extracts from Canon Collins chairperson's report at the AGM of Christian Action, November 1962, where he talks the betrayal of Nelson Mandela the remarkable Black Pimpernel Letters to the editor of the Times, London and the Guardian 1962 concerning the imprisonment of
Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu
Press statement issued by the Anti- Apartheid Movement August 1962 calling for messages of
support to be sent to Nelson Mandela.
Pamphlet with Mandela's call for a three day stay away, on behalf of the National Action Council
Draft biographical sketch of Nelson Mandela
All in African National Action Council- appeal to the people of South West Africa, written by Mandela
on behalf of NAC.
As above: appeal to students and scholars
As above: to members of the Transkei Territorial Authority

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Legal proceedings concerning the State versus Nelson Mandela in 1962. These material include an application for the remand of the trial due to Advocate Joe Slovo not being present because of his banning orders, the main count, an explanation of the charge against Nelson Mandela particulars to the charge, a list of publications, documents and pamphlets presented as evidence, the first alternative charge, the second alternative charge and Nelson Mandela's testimony in which he refers extensively to his Africa trip.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Masemola, Japhta

Statement to police by former Robben Island political prisoner, Japhta Masemola dated 22-04-1963
and photographs.

Masemola, Japhta

The Nationalist (Tanzanian newspaper)

1964, Race war in S.A. imminent
S Africa accuses UThant of partiality. Churches urged to act on South Africa. Widespread police raids follow Job bombing. ANC praises Mwalimu's stand on South Africa. Freedom leader asks for S.A. action including the release of Nelson Mandela, South African issue, South African police resume raids on Cape Town Homes increased prison repression on political prisoners. We regret to announce their deaths, Vuyisile Mini, Wilson Khayingo, Zinakile Mkaba ( Dulcie et decorum) Hanged in Pretoria.

Nationalist

The Tanganyika Standard (Daily Newspaper in Tanzania )

Newspaper articles on South Africa 1963
Hard bargaining between western powers and South African States: Arms embargo on South Africa. Liberation a burden for all Africa, More arms support arms embargo to South Africa, End trading with South Africa Nyerere, South Africa urged to heed U.N. and strive for racial harmony: Uthant attacks apartheid, S.A. on brink of disaster, Four escape S.A. police, Escape trio on way, Cell guards coshed in escape - police: SA. Exits watched, Expel S. Africa call to U.N.: Arms blockade suggested, Mystery fire at airport delays Goldreich's arrival in Dar, Escapers due in second freedom flight, Airline doubts over safety: EAA recalls rescue plane: flight To Mbeya, Goldreich and Wolpe fly out: Stops in Federal territory avoided, ANC fearful of another kidnap plot, Beware of the avalanche South Africa told. The Hodgsons in Tanganyika and fighting on, Goldreich and Wolpe "evil traitors, Scandinavians give Verwoed a chance: Find alternative to apartheid. Daily Newspaper in Tanzania on South Africa.

Tanganyika Standard

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: South African Political Prisoners: The life we led 1963-1966

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-079
  • Collection
  • 1956 - 1964
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Manuscript of "South African Political Prisoners: The Life We Led 1963-1966" by Mahlubi L Mrwetyana. Reference to Robben Island prison conditions including for Rivonia Trialists. File on Race Relations with completed questionnaires and extensive notes on prison conditions in South Africa 1956-1961; file with material on families; biographical notes on some of the persons persecuted by the government of the Republic of South Africa for their opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson Mandela and other Rivonia Trialists. The list is fairly extensive. File re IRC visits to South African prisons 1964; copies of the letter and reports sent to B J Vorster (Minister of Justice) by the ICRC, June 18 1964 re: conditions in South African prisons (Robben Island, State farm prison, Victor Verster, various police stations in Pretoria and Johannesburg, Pretoria Prison, Leeuwkop, Prison Vooruitsig, Kroonstad, Pretoria Prison, T B Hospital Sonderwater).

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Mandela Vigil St Paul's June 1964
Correspondence (June 1964) concerning the vigils held at St Paul's and outside the South African
embassy in London to coincide with the sentencing of the Rivonia Trialists. Correspondence include Canon Collins, Manuela Sykes, Dorothy Robison, Archbishop of Canterbury. Campaigns by Christian Action and the Anti- Apartheid Movement
Lists of suggested contacts in connection with the vigil.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Records of the Rivonia Treason Trial

Incomplete set of records of the state vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others. The collection includes the indictment, opening address, statements, evidence, evaluation of evidence and exhibits including photographs. An important section of the collection relates to preparations of the defence. As well as Nelson Mandela, the accused include Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada, Andrew Mlangeni, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor and Elias Motsoaledi.

Rivonia Trial

  • ZA CL-RU MR-RT-030
  • Collection
  • 1963 - 1964
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Purchased from Microfile, Johannesburg. Records of the State vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others. Includes indictments, addresses, evidence and other trial records. Incomplete. There is no inventory so it is unclear which trial records are missing.

Department of Justice

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Conditions for political prisoners in 1960s

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-078
  • Collection
  • 1961 - 1964
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

General strike: Report of the 3 day strike in South Africa (May 29, 30,31, 1961) by Nelson Mandela (Secretary, National Action Council of South Africa); prisoners of Apartheid a biographical list of political prisoners and banned persons in South Africa (IDAF in cooperation with UN Centre Against Apartheid); South African Prisons and the Red Cross Investigation and examination by the International Defence and Aid Fund with prisoners testimony. Includes general recommendations of the ICRC sent to the South African Government (18 June 1964), the SA government reply, conditions at Leeuwkop, Robben Island, Victor Verster, Vooruitsig Prison Kroonstad, and other prisons, Robert Sobukwe on Robben Island. Relates to Rivonia Trial in terms of conditions in prison for trialists once convicted.

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

The State versus Nelson Mandela and Nine Others

Partial record of the State versus Nelson Mandela and nine others. Contains only State's Concluding Address: vol.1: A factual analysis of the documentary exhibits handed in and of the oral testimony given, by the state witnesses.

Department of Justice

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence (1964) about an article on Nelson Mandela to be published in the volume Sudafrika
und Apartheid (Germany). Correspondence include Phyllis Altman, Kurt Busch.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Manuscript of South African Political Prisoners: The life we led 1963-1966 by Mahlubi L Mrwetyana
with reference to Robben Island prison conditions
File Race Relations with completed questionnaires and extensive notes on prison conditions in
South Africa 1956-1961, File material on Families
Biographical notes on some of the persons persecuted by the government of the Republic of
South Africa for their opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson
Mandela and other Rivonia Trialists. The list is fairly extensive. File IRC visits to SA prisons 1964
Copies of the letter and reports sent to B.J. Vorster (Minister of Justice) by the ICRC, June 18 1964
re: conditions in South African prisons (Robben Island State farm prison Victor Verster, Various
police stations in Pretoria and Johannesburg, Pretoria Prison, Prison Leeuwkop, Prison Vooruitsig
Kroonstad, Pretoria Prison, T.B. Hospital Sonderwater)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Rivonia Trial

Records of the State vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others. Microfilm, 35 mm. Originals in South African Institute of Race Relations Archive at University of Witwatersrand (see AD1844). The microfilm is identical to the set of records at Wits and is missing the same volumes. Includes charge sheets, the indictment, opening address, statements, evidence, evaluation of evidence and exhibits, bail applications, sentencing. An important section of the collection relates to preparation of the defence as this was the defence team's set of records pertaining to the trial.

Department of Justice

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Mandela Vigil St Paul's June 1964

Correspondence (June 1964) concerning the vigils held at St Paul's and outside the South African embassy in London to coincide with the sentencing of the Rivonia trialists. Correspondents includes Canon Collins, Manuela Sykes, Dorothy Robison, Archbishop of Canterbury. Campaigns by Christian Action and the Anti- Apartheid Movement. Lists of suggested contacts in connection with the vigil.

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Biographical notes on Rivonia Trialists

Part of International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers. Biographical notes on some of the people persecuted by the South African government for their opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson Mandela and other Rivonia trialists.

Available for inspection at time of audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Records of the Rivonia Treason Trial

Records of the State vs. Nelson Mandela and nine others (Walter Sisulu, Dennis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Ahmed Kathrada, Lionel Bernstein, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor, Elias Motsoaledi and Andrew Mlangeni).

Supreme Court of South Africa

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Biographical notes on some of the people persecuted by the South African government for their
opposition to the policies of apartheid, 30 May 1964. The list includes Nelson Mandela and other
Rivonia Trialists.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Copies of the letter and reports sent to JB Vorster ( Minister of Justice), by the International Committee for the Red Cross, June 18 1964, concerning conditions in South African prisons (Robben Island, Victor Verster, various police stations in Pretoria and Johannesburg, Pretoria Prison Leeuwkop, Kroonstad and Sonderwater TB Hospital)

.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Copies of legal proceedings of the Rivonia trial, the state versus Nelson Mandela and nine others. These include the statement by Walter Sisulu 's evidence led with original handwritten annotations, by Walter Sisulu, extracts of evidence (examination by Bram Fischer) extracts of the cross examination of Walter Sisulu by Percy Yuter, Govan Mbeki extracts of evidence (examination by Bram Fisher), Ahmed Kathrada extracts of evidence (examination by Vernon Berrange). Lionel Bernstein extracts of evidence (cross examination by Percy Yuter), Elias Motsoaledi's statement at the trial. The file also includes notes made by Govan Mbeki regarding his interrogation while under 90 day detention, a typescript of an article about the arrests at Rivonia and the start of the Rivonia trial that week (presumably published), news clippings on the trial and a pamphlet entitled " My
fight is for all: Mandela tells court of ANC objectives" containing extracts of Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock as published by the Rand Daily Mail in Johannesburg. 1963-1964.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence concerning vigils to be held at St Paul's Cathedral and outside of the South African
embassy in London, coinciding with the sentencing of the Rivonia Trialists. These campaigns were
led by Christian Action and the Anti- Apartheid Movement. Correspondents include Canon John Collins, Manuel Sykes, Dorothy Robinson and the Archbishop of Canterbury. There is also a list of
suggested contacts in connection with the vigil.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence, drafts articles, press statements, handwritten notes, cables campaign material and other documentation concerning the Rivonia Trial. These include correspondence concerning the
sentencing, reports on decision by the Trialists to appeal against their sentences, typescripts of
draft articles on the imprisonment of Nelson Mandela and the Rivonia Trialists some of which are
written by E.S. ( Solly) Sachs, articles on the Rivonia Trial, biographical profiles of Nelson Mandela
issued by the Anti- Apartheid Movement, statement issued by Canon John Collins, Toll Kellock and
others by the Africa bureau, a typescript of Nelson Mandela statement from the dock, " Why I am ready to die" with original annotations, a Christian Action article entitled " Mandela a message from prison"
notes for adverts and letters concerning the Rivonia Trial, a pamphlet entitled " The message of
Rivonia" and statements of accounts and annexure of monies received in relation to the Rivonia
Trial. Correspondents include Freda Nuell, J Hadebe,, Canon Collins, E.S. Reddy, Hugh Lewin, Joel Joffe, Raymond Kunene and Rica Hodgson.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Rivonia Trial

Partial record of the State versus Nelson Mandela and nine others. Bound volumes. Provenance unknown. Contains: State's Concluding Address (volumes 1-4): vol.1: A factual analysis of the documentary exhibits handed in and of the oral testimony given, by the state witnesses, vol.2: The persons who were parties to the conspiracy and the implementation thereof, vol.3: n Kritiese ontleding van sekere dokumentere bewysstukke, vol.4: A factual analysis of the defence case and of the further documentary exhibits produced in the course thereof; and Judgement and Sentence (1 volume).

Department of Justice

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers: Release of RivoniaTrialists

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-076
  • Collection
  • 1962 - 1964
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Pamphlets (international) calling for the release of the Rivonia trialists; campaigns to save lives of the Rivonia Trialists by Anti Apartheid Movement; original letter dated 5/11/1962 from Nelson Mandela to Canon Collins, acknowledging support received from Christian Action. Also records related to 1962 trial of Mandela.

Not available for inspection at time of this audit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)Publications

Publications/ booklets /pamphlets
General strike : report of the 3 day strike in South Africa ( May29, 30,31, 1961) by Nelson Mandela
( Secretary, National Action Council of South Africa) Prisoners of Apartheid a biographical list of political prisoners and banned persons in South Africa/ IDAF in cooperation with UN Centre Against Apartheid. South African Prisons and the Red Cross Investigation and examination by the International Defence and Aid Fund with prisoners testimony. Includes general recommendations of the ICRC sent to the South African Government 18 June 1964, the S.A. government reply, conditions at Leeuwkop,
Robben Island, Victor Verster, Vooruitsig Prison Kroonstad, and other prisons, Robert Sobukwe on
Robben Island.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Rivonia Trial

A partial record of the State versus Nelson Mandela and nine others Walter Sisulu, Denis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Ahmed Kathrada, Lionel Bernstein, James Kantor, Raymond Mhlaba, Elias Motsoaledi and Andrew Mlangeni, including the State’s concluding address, judgment and sentence.

Department of Justice

Defence and Aid Fund Papers

1960-1965. ca. 650 items. Minutes and correspondence of the State of Emergency Relief Fund, later its name changed to the Defence Aid Fund. Includes information on prisoners, detainees, case reports as well as political pamphlets.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

ICRC including Letter from Canon Collins to ICRC in 1964, requesting an inspection of Robben Island prison conditions after reports of ill- treatment. Summary of the report of the ICRC visit to prisons in S.A, 1966, issued by the World Campaign for the Release of Political Prisoners.- Correspondence re: ICRC visit.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence and reports concerning the International Committee for the Red Cross inspection of
South African prisons. There is a letter from Canon Collins to the ICRC requesting an inspection of
Robben Island prison (1964), as well as a summary of the ICRC report on the visit to prisons in South
Africa (1966), issued by the World Campaign for the release of political prisoners. 1964-1966.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Leo Marquard Papers

Collection by Leo Marquand include statement made in court by Nelson Mandela from The observer and a statement made by Bram Fischer from the UN general assembly.

Norwegian Action Against Apartheid

Correspondence, memoranda, newsletters, pamphlets, reports, publications and other campaign materials concerning:
The World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners (1964 - 1967). The Rivonia Trial, and a call to save South Africa's resistance leaders, including Nelson Mandela, from the death penalty. Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock at the Rivonia Trial, translated into Norwegian.
Amnesty International reports on prison conditions in South Africa (1965).

Norwegian Action Against Apartheid

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence, memos, notes, affidavits re: political imprisonments in South Africa
Campaigns by the world campaign for the release of Nelson Mandela and all S.A. political prisoners.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Statements, memoranda and reports concerning the campaign for the release of imprisoned politicians in South Africa. These include a statement delivered by Canon John Collins at the Kitwe United Nations Seminar in which he makes reference to the imprisonment of leaders of the South African liberation movement including Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu and [Gordon Makgothi] 1966- 1967.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Legassick, Martin

Martin Legassick- photocopy of an encoded letter [1967] with an attached list of prisoners from
Robben Island in the period 1963-1965.

Legassick, Martin

Newspaper Clippings

Newspaper articles from The Irish Times, The Guardian, New York Herald Tribune reporting on the Rivonia or sabotage trial of 1962-1964. Includes newspaper clippings on the raids, the death and burial of Albert Luthuli in 1967.

Robben Island Campaign: Director's report to President and Information Service

Statement for the Kitwe United Nations Seminar by Canon L. John Collins (President of IDAF) in
which he makes reference to the imprisonment of leaders of the SA liberation movement including
Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Raymond Mhlaba and Gordon Makgothi (1966) Memoranda re the campaign for the release of imprisoned politicians in South Africa, January 1977.
Handwritten progress report and typescript concerning Robben Island prison campaign, October
1966.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Files of United Nations Secretary-General, U Thant

Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, include:
Text of a statement by Achkar Marot, the representative of Guinea, to the UN, refers to Nelson Mandela's imprisonment on Robben Island. Response by the South African government to two articles published in the "UN Monthly Chronicle," which discusses the South African government's position on the Rivonia Trial, including Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock. The conclusion and recommendations of the International Seminar on Apartheid, Racial Discrimination and Colonialism in Southern Africa held in Kitwe, Zambia (1967). The conference recommended special campaigns around the incarceration of outstanding leaders such as Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Robert Sobukwe and Bram Fischer.

U Thant

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

File: Prisons 2, includes 1963 List of banned women in South Africa
Affidavit: Bob Hepple ( November 1965), in which he gives testimony to the abuse and torture of
African prisoners, as witnessed by him at Pretoria local prison during his imprisonment in 1963
1960 petition by white male prisoners ay the Old Fort ( detained under emergency regulations)
re: unhygienic conditions.
Also a second petition about the outbreak of diarrheal. Sent to the Officer Commanding at the Fort
Testimony of Dennis Brutus to the UN Special committee on Apartheid 27 February 1967, in which
he speaks about his political imprisonment and the conditions of political prisoners in South African
Prisons including his imprisonment in Robben Island. Correspondence and statements relating to the World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners including Nelson Mandela.
Statements by political prisoners about torture. Mary Benson prison conditions
Extensive information on prison conditions , and reports/ statement on inhumane treatment by former
detainees and prisoners.
The visits of South African judges to SA prisons, 1967. Correspondence and notes. Correspondents include Sylvia Neame and Sonia Bunting.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Documentation including correspondence, affidavits, reports and statements. These include a
1960 petition by white male prisoners detained under emergency regulations at the Old Fort prison
about unhygienic conditions, a list of banned women in South Africa [1963], an affidavit by Bob
Hepple (November 1965) concerning the abuse and torture of African prisoners at Pretoria local prison as witnessed by him in 1963, testimony delivered by Dennis Brutus to the UN special Committee on Apartheid (1967) concerning his political imprisonment and the conditions of political prisoners in South African prisons, statements by political prisoners on torture, the visit of South African prisons in 1967, and the documentation concerning the World Campaign for the Release of
South African Political Prisoners. Correspondents include Sylvia Neame and Sonia Bunting.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Nelson Mandela Papers

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-082
  • Collection
  • 1963 - 1967
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Small collection of 1 hanging file. Includes copies of 1960s Umkhonto we Sizwe and ANC flyers signed in 1993 by Mandela. Although not directly related to Rivonia Trial, material like this was evidence used by state against the accused in the trial.

Untitled

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence, memoranda. Notes and affidavits concerning political imprisonment in South Africa, as well as details of campaigns by the World Campaign for the release of South African political prisoners.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Attention: Col. van Aarde

  • ZA COM NMPP-PC-NMPP-PC-2009/6-NMF_Dcard_V1_035
  • Item
  • 1969-07-22
  • Part of Prison Collection

This item consists of a letter of 1 page written by Mandela to the Commanding officer of Robben Island, Colonel van Aarde requesting permission to attend the funeral of his son, Thembekile.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Prison Regulations Petitions

Papers[1970]
Petition signed by political prisoners addressed to the Officer Commanding Robben Island prison
RE: Prison regulations, censorship of books and publications, censorship of letters and visits. Access to the library, warder prisoner relationships, contradictory instructions, on work days,
Medical treatment, hot water, music, film shows summary punishment, threats, etc, Photocopy

Robben Island political prisoners

Sonia Bunting

Letter by Bram Fischer to comrades and friends smuggled from prison (1970) photocopy. What I did was right. Statement from the dock by Abraham Fischer, Q.C. in the Supreme Court. Court Pretoria March 28 1966 (photocopy) 32pp.

Bunting, Sonia

Records of the Publications Control Board

This board was responsible for classifying documents for censorship or banning pre 1970. The references below are not the actual documents but rather reports and notes written by those classifying them. Also see Records of the Department of Home Affairs, Director of Publications, Cape Town (Complaints and Appeals) in this database
966/66, volume 71: Book: L'Apartheid: on Nelson Mandela: Objectionable Literature (1966)
418/66, volume 67: : Nelson Mandela versus The State: Objectionable Literature (1966)
1319/45, volume 61: I am Prepared to Die, Nelson Mandela: Objectionable Literature (1965)

Publications Control Board

Fagan J.J.

J.J. Fagan papers-
Documents related to Robben Island, including a photocopy of chapter 20 entitled Robben
Island from the book " Brushes with the law" by Judge Marius Diemont; a copy of a document
"Summary of complaints" referred to on page 229 of the book; personal notes of Judge Fagan,
made during Robben Island visit on 08.02.1975; copy of letter written to Commissioner of Prisons
following the visit and referred to page 229; photograph taken during visit.

Fagan, J.J.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Typescript of a letter by Nelson Mandela to Messrs. Seedat, Pillay and Co. concerning his intention
to institute legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons, and to make application for an interdict restraining the prison authorities from abusing their authority. The letter includes reference to improper interference with social relations, censorship of outgoing mail, censorship of incoming
correspondence, disappearance of letters in transit, visits, language qualifications of censors, correspondence with political supporters, money received for prisoners and political discussions at the sittings of the prison board. There is a similar letter from Kathrada to Seedat, Pillay and Co. 1976.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

NMF_Smuggled_Letter_1_001.jpg

This item consists of an envelope addressed to the legal firm of Pillay Seedat & Co. For security reasons, Judge Pillay had a family member mail an empty envelope to the firm. This precaution was taken to protect Mac Maharaj and Judge Pillay in the event of an interrogation by Security Police. The Judge could then say that he had received the documents from an unknown source through the post.

Pillay, Thumba

Envelope

This item consists of an envelope addressed to the legal firm of Pillay Seedat & Co. For security reasons, Judge Pillay had a family member mail an empty envelope to the firm. This precaution was taken to protect Mac Maharaj and Judge Pillay in the event of an interrogation by Security Police. The Judge could then say that he had received the documents from an unknown source through the post.

Pillay, Thumba

NMF_Smuggled_Letter_1_002.jpg

This item consists of an envelope addressed to the legal firm of Pillay Seedat & Co. For security reasons, Judge Pillay had a family member mail an empty envelope to the firm. This precaution was taken to protect Mac Maharaj and Judge Pillay in the event of an interrogation by Security Police. The Judge could then say that he had received the documents from an unknown source through the post.

Pillay, Thumba

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

A report by Nelson Mandela on Robben Island prison conditions, including food, medical care, studies recreation, work, the single cells section, the hot water system, the alarm system, letters and
correspondence. Other documents includes references by Mandela to the 1977 media visit to
Robben Island.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

African National Congress French Mission

Correspondence from Paul Joseph to Yusuf Dadoo, photocopies of letters from Adelaide and Paul Joseph to Nelson Mandela, and the statement of the African National Congress National Executive Committee on Nelson Mandela's 60th birthday.

Bunting, Brian Percy

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

A summarised statement minuted from Nelson Mandela at Robben Island prison (11 December 1978). About the correspondence being withheld from him. Numerous specific cases and incidents are
mentioned, including a telegram sent from Zindzi Mandela, Winnie's suing of Dr Matlhare, and the non delivery of correspondence from Helen Suzman.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Nelson Mandela's 60th birthday
An address by the Chairperson of the UN Special Committee to a special gathering at the House of Commons to mark the 60th birthday of Nelson Mandela
List of people attending the 60th birthday celebration at the House of Commons 1978. Invitation to the House of Commons function. ANC invitation to the 60th birthday celebration to be held at Caxton Hall London. Statement of the National Executive of the ANC entitled " Nelson Mandela is sixty years old" Pamphlets calling for Mandela's release on his 60th birthday. List of events organised by IDAF to honour Mandela's 60th birthday.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Winnie Mandela

Correspondence re: Zindzi Mandela's admission to the University of Swaziland, 1981. Correspondence re: Channelling monies to Winnie Mandela. Correspondence re: disbursement in the State versus N.W. Mandela. Correspondence re: State vs. Zolile Sishuba and Winnie Mandela 1978
Correspondents are Ismail Ayob and Associated Messrs Miller and Co Merrs. Cole & Cole
Correspondence mainly on fees and includes copies of charge sheets and affidavits
File Mandela and Motlana vs. Matlare
Correspondence summons judgment etc. in respect of defamation uttered by Dr. Matlare to the
Collie Commission of inquiry during 1977. (1981). File Mandela, W banning order
Correspondence, charge sheets, etc. re: Winnie Mandela's banning orders and the contravention
of her banning orders, 1981. Key correspondents include Ismail Ayob and Associates and Merrs
Miller & Co.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

File: 1977
File of Newsclippings: S.A. part 1 Prisons- 39, including Reporters that Nelson Mandela would serve full life term and maximum security prisoners being kept apart
from other prisoners Reports of Mandela facing disciplinary charges on Robben Island reportedly having called a warder a pig
The views of mainly white warders and families about conditions for political prisoners - article written
after 1977 media visit
Profile of Major Gen. Jannie Le Roux as the general who treats prisoners as real people Prisons - 40
Articles on Robben Island press visit by WORLD correspondent and others (SA newspapers), some
photographs
Lots of propaganda and some international papers very critical of conditions there
**** NB Cape Times; Many photographs included in the Star, that were not seen
Prisons 41
News articles re: Robben Island treatment of prisoners and the denial of assaults on prisoners by
prison authorities
( Documents very fragile)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Judge Thumba Pillay Collection

  • ZA COM NMAP 2010/9
  • Series
  • 1959-01-01 - 1979-12-31
This series consists of two letters smuggled out of Robben Island in 1977. Mac Maharaj gave them to Judge Thumba Pillay of legal firm of Pillay Seedat & Co. The letters are written by Nelson Mandela and Ahmed Kathrada, both of them wishing to appoint the firm to act on their behalf in legal proceedings against the Department of Prisons. Since the authorities refused contact with their attorneys, they had to use this "illegal" method to seek legal representation. The collection includes an envelope that Judge Pillay had posted addressed to his law firm. He did this in the event that the Security Police questioned him about how he received the letters, he would be able to prove that they were posted anonymously to him.
A second donation of Judge Thumba Pillay contains correspondence and documents (mainly copies) pertaining to the case of Mandela vs Minister of Prisons.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

File of Newsclippings, many of which relate to the 1977 media visit to Robben Island. This
includes reports on the views of white warders and their families about the conditions for political
prisoners, a profile of Major General Jannie Le Roux as "the general who treats prisoners as real
people" and other articles by local and international newspapers following the media visit.
There are also Newsclippings unrelated to the 1977 media visit to Robben Island including reports that Nelson Mandela would serve the full life term, maximum security prisoners being isolated from other prisoners. Nelson Mandela facing disciplinary charges on Robben Island allegedly for having called the warder a pig, the treatment of political prisoners on Robben Island, the denial by warders of assaults on prisoners.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Indres Naidoo

Indres Naidoo, Papers
Materials re: Robben Island on loan from Indres Naidoo
Makana football association, Robben Island constitution( handwritten document) 10 pp
Football badges
Certificate awarded to Indres Naidoo by Dinar Football Club, Robben Island in recognition of his
contribution to the Welfare and sporting achievements of the club, signed by Curnick Ndlovu
(secretary) and Steve Tshwete (chairman) 11 March 1973 Robben Island prison card of Indres Naidoo.

Naidoo, Indres Elatchininathan

Nelson Mandela Compilation

Selection of stories on South African leader Nelson Mandela- comprises of 61 clips with Nelson Mandela in different occasions.

Freda Katz

Nelson Mandela 70th birthday: pamphlets, correspondence, messages of support (International Anti- Apartheid Movement). Booklet: Your Bantu servant and you/ Johannesburg: Non- European Affairs Department 1962. Press clip re: forced removal. Photocopy of drawing re: June 16

Katz, Freda

Lapinsky Shiela

Lapinsky Shiela consists of papers and publications
Document on and by the United Democratic Front (UDF) mainly from the Western Cape
journals campaigns papers- Release Mandela Campaign administrative papers.
Umsebenzi draft constitution of the ANC : Harare declaration: a paper on addictions drugs etc.
T shirts.

Shiela, Lapinsky

Jack and Ray Simons Papers

This extensive collection reflects the immense contribution made by the Simons' to the political, trade union and intellectual life of South Africa. F9.3 Trials: Treason and terrorism, 1957-1989 has one item related to the Rivonia: an ANC booklet entitled "South Africa on Trial: Behind the Rivonia Case." It outlines the trial, the history of the case, defendants' biographies. The aim was to encourage pressure not to impose the death penalty. It was printed in the UK. A further item may be related to the Rivonia Trial or to previous trials (it is undated): Typed notes (with manuscript additions) on High Treason and the South African Law.

Simons, Jack

Brian Bunting

Brian Bunting Papers 1930's -1980's. SACP and ANC history. Includes correspondence, news cuttings, papers, bound volumes of the Guardian (1937-1948), New Age (1956-1957) pamphlets. Material collected for the Moses Kotane biography.

Bunting, Brian Percy

Vasson Mukesh

Documents and press cuttings relating to student struggles in the early 1980's. Focuses strongly
on the Azanian Students Organisation. The news cuttings also report on the student struggles in
the Bantustans. They also refer to the differences between AZASO and AZAPO and the
cooperation between AZASO and COSAS. Newscuttings on the Mpondo revolt of 1960. A draft thesis and related research material exploring the power relations in Pondoland during the revolt. This collection gives a focused analysis of the changing face role of the chieftaincy & tribal
authoritarianism in the former Transkei. The focus is on Flagstaff & Lusikisiki. Two unrelated items in the collection are i) Mass Democratic movement statement on Winnie Mandela and ANC 1949 Programme of action.

Vasson, Mukesh

Brian Bunting Papers

  • ZA UWCRIMA MR-RT-057
  • Collection
  • 1930 - 1980
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

SACP and ANC history. Includes correspondence, newspaper cuttings, papers, bound volumes of the Guardian (1937-1948), New Age (1957). Subject file on: "Rivonia and other political trials". 2.39.1 on Rivonia contains biographies of nine accused, press clippings from The Economist and Statist (June 1964), The AA Movement: Nelson Mandela, Focus on Resistance, Southern Africa Feature Service: The Rivonia trial, UN Unit on Apartheid notes and documents: The Rivonia Trial - ten years after, World Campaign for the release of South African political prisoners: The Men of Rivonia (press statement 12 June 1964).

Also newspaper clippings (1.38 box 88) on Rivonia and Fischer Trials; Government publications 5.2.2 has a copy of Nelson Mandela's speech at the Trial with notes and marking; Correspondence 11.4.2 includes letters by Govan Mbeki from 1970s to his family (not directly related to Rivonia) and 11.5 includes letters re Robben Island and former prisoners ((not directly related to Rivonia).

Bunting, Brian Percy

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Nelson Mandela Release Campaign
Correspondence - including E.S. Reddy, Canon Collins
A document entitled Release Mandela issued by IDAF research department
IDAF circulars as part of the release campaign
UN Press Releases
UN Centre Against Apartheid notes and documents

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College

Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College Papers and publications, 1970-1980. Report on the 10th anniversary celebrations of the SOMAFCO from Monday 21 August 1989 to Friday 25 August 1989 in Mazimbu, Tanzania, Education for liberation/Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College 10 years 1979-1989 publication produced by the ANC department of education, Lusaka SOMAFCO official opening 21-23 August 1985/ publication produced by the ANC SOMAFCO Department of information and publicity includes release and visit of Nelson Mandela.

Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College (SOMAFCO)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence, charge sheets and other documentation concerning Winnie Mandela's banning
orders and the contravention of her banning orders. Key correspondents include Ismail Ayob and Associates and Messrs Miller and Co.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF) Papers

Correspondence and copies of court proceedings in respect of defamation proceedings brought
against Dr Matlhare by Winnie Mandela and Dr Nthato Motlana. The defamation suite concerns
remarks made by Dr Matlhare to the 1977 Cilliers Commission of enquiry.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

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