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Friends and comrades
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Radio Xhosa

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on the Breakfast Show. Includes reports and interviews on the following:
Meetings between Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk. The 1994 elections. The inauguration of Mandela as the first democratically elected President of South Africa. The opening of parliament. The new constitution of South Africa . Commemoration of the 1976 uprisings. Memorial service of Chris Hani. Mandela birthday celebrations, as well as New Year messages delivered by him. Nelson Mandela’s visits to New York, and his addresses to the United Nations General Assembly.
Language/s: English and Xhosa

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

SA FM

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on AM Live, PM Live, Scoreboard and Woman Today. Includes reports and interviews on the following:
Nelson Mandela's international visits to South East Asia, the United Kingdom, Japan and Singapore. Reports on Mandela's tour of Southern Africa. Conflict in Zaire and the role of the South African government in peace talks. The 50th anniversary of the United Nations. Tony Blair's visit to South Africa. The 12th Non-Aligned Movement summit held in Durban, South Africa. Mandela's farewell as Head of State, to the international community, and addresses to the United Nations General Assembly. The South African intervention in the Lesotho conflict. The unveiling of the tombstone of Chris Hani. The funeral of Harry Gwala. Messages by Nelson Mandela on the first democratic elections in South Africa. New Year and Christmas messages by Nelson Mandela. The new constitution of South Africa and Nelson Mandela's signing of the new constitution into law. Comments by Nelson Mandela on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and Mandela signing the Truth and Reconciliation Commission into law. Truth and Reconciliation Commission hearings, including the Pollsmoor March to free Mandela in 1996. Gains made by the new South African government. Freedom Day celebrations. Workers Day. Nelson Mandela's last official speech to the South African Parliament, as Head of State. The 1999 South African elections. The Broudi Commission of Enquiry opposed in court by the South African Rugby Football Union (SARFU).
The ANC national conference held in Port Elizabeth in 2000.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports covering the impending and actual release of Nelson Mandela from prison:
Winnie Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Dullah Omar, Allan Boesak and Archbishop Desmond Tutu talking about the impending release of Nelson Mandela. Comments from Pik Botha, Foreign Affairs Minister. Pressure being placed on the South African government by anti-apartheid lobby groups for Nelson Mandela’s release. Meetings between Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk in which the issue of Nelson Mandela’s possible release was discussed. F W De Klerk’s announcement in Parliament of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Nelson Mandela’s first moments of freedom after spending 27 years in prison, and his speech at a welcome home rally held on the Grand Parade in Cape Town. Celebrations across South Africa. The reactions of South African and international leaders, across the political spectrum, to the news of Nelson Mandela’s release from prison. Celebrations on subsequent anniversaries of Nelson Mandela’s release.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on:
Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu’s long-term political imprisonment. The possibility of the release of Govan Mbeki, Nelson Mandela’s fellow comrade, Rivonia Trials and political prisoner. Moving of Nelson Mandela to Victor Verster Prison. Visits to Nelson Mandela by Winnie Mandela and other family members. The possible role played by the CIA in Nelson Mandela’s 1962 arrest. Nelson Mandela talking to television reporters about his prison years. A recording of Nelson Mandela’s Statement from the Dock at the Rivonia Trial.

ABC

National Public Broadcasting Archives

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on National Public Radio. Includes reports on the following:
Appeals by Nelson Mandela to the United Nations Security Council, to assist Burundi. The 10th anniversary of Nelson Mandela’s release from prison. The international AIDS conference held in South Africa, and Nelson Mandela’s closing speech at the conference. Nelson Mandela’s role in the Burundi peace talks. The restoration of Nelson Mandela’s 1964 Rivonia Trial speech by the British Library. World Conference against Racism held in South Africa. Nelson Mandela’s response to George W. Bush’s ‘war on terrorism.’ The international AIDS conference held in Barcelona, with speeches by Bill Clinton and Nelson Mandela. World Summit on Sustainable Development, held in Johannesburg, South Africa. Peter Megabank talking about his work as Nelson Mandela’s official photographer. The death of South African anti-apartheid leader, Walter Sisulu, at the age of ninety. Bush’s visit to Africa. Birthday tributes to Nelson Mandela. Audio history of Nelson Mandela’s life. Nelson Mandela’s announcement to the media that his son, Makgatho, has died of AIDS.

National Public Radio

Govan Mbeki Papers

A collection consisting primarily of 35mm colour transparencies, covering:
International and South African campaigns for the release of Nelson Mandela. Celebrations of Mandela's release from prison. Photographs taken immediately after Mandela's release from prison. Mandela's re-union with Oliver Tambo during his visit to Sweden (1991). Mandela's family home in Qunu. Photographs with Winnie Mandela, Oliver Tambo, Adelaide Tambo, Archbishop Trevor Huddleston and Douglas Hurd. Performers (Johnny Clegg, David Serame, The Manhattans, Jonas Gwangwa and Hugh Masekela) at the Free Mandela / 70th birthday celebration concert, held at Wembley Stadium (1988).
Mandela at the Wembley concert that celebrated his release from prison (1990). Portraits of Mandela.
Photographers include Paul Weinberg, Gordon Metz, Order Elias on and Anna Zieminski.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Wolfie Kodesh Personal Papers

Collection of documents and photographs, including a photocopy of a biographical profile of Nelson Mandela written by Wolfie Kodesh.
Other subjects include:
The meeting between Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo's in Stockholm, Sweden (1990). The full text of Nelson Mandela's response to the conditional offer of freedom made in parliament by the State President PW Botha. Statement issued by Ismail Ayob, on behalf of Nelson Mandela, on the protection of Nelson Mandela's name from being abused, Nelson Mandela Freedom at 70 campaign. The full text of Nelson Mandela's speech at the Grand Parade in Cape Town on the day of his release from prison in 1990

Kodesh, Wolfie

Herbert Shore Collection

Collection of colour photographs of the African National Congress / Congress Alliance leaders, including Nelson Mandela, Oliver Tambo, Ahmed Kathrada, Moses Kotane, Yusuf Dadoo and Dan Tloome, gathered on the roof of Kathrada's flat at Kholvad House in Johannesburg during the 1950s.

Shore, Herbert

Thobela FM

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on Hlokwa la tsela. Includes reports and interviews on the following:
A speech by Nelson Mandela about peace in KwaZulu-Natal during local government elections. The unveiling of the statue of Samora Machel in Mozambique in 1998. The South African Rugby Football Union (SARFU) enquiry in 1998 in which Nelson Mandela was requested to testify in court. Bill Clinton's visit to South Africa in 1998.
Languages: Sepedi and English

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on news channels such as CNN, NBC, ABC, CBS and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on political violence in South Africa in the early 1990s period:
The threat to political stability in South Africa from right wing Afrikaners and Inkatha. Inkatha reportedly blocking Nelson Mandela and a peace delegation from entering Thokoza township. Details of conflict between African National Congress (ANC) and Inkatha supporters. Nelson Mandela campaigning for the first democratic elections in the strife-torn areas of Kwa- Zulu-Natal. Living conditions and political / pre-election violence in the KwaZulu-Natal region. The opposition of Inkatha leaders, King Goodwill Zwelithini and Mangosuthu Buthelezi, to the 1994 election. Emergency meetings held between Nelson Mandela, FW De Klerk, King Goodwill Zwelethini and Mangosuthu Buthelezi. The declaration of a State of Emergency in KwaZulu-Natal. The Inkatha march through the streets of central Johannesburg, which ended in a street battle with ANC supporters. Comments by Nelson Mandela on an investigatory report that white police in South Africa were supporting violence against the ANC by Inkatha. Comments by Nelson Mandela on deaths in Bophuthatswana following violence in the region. Violence in the townships of Alexandra, Tembisa, Thokoza, Phola Park, Swannieville, Sebokeng, Kwa- Thema and Katlehong, and visits by Nelson Mandela to townships in an attempt to stop the violence. The storming of the World Trade Centre in Johannesburg by white extremists, the site of negotiations on ending apartheid. Meetings between Nelson Mandela and Buthelezi. The assassination of ANC leader, Chris Hani, and police investigations of right wing plots to murder Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela and Joe Slovo. The Boipatong massacre in the Ciskei, and tributes by Nelson Mandela to the victims of the massacre.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
Reports of the Reagan Administration’s support of the release of Nelson Mandela from prison. President Reagan’s attitude towards Nelson Mandela and his views on negotiations with the African National Congress (ANC). Senator Edward Kennedy’s tour of South Africa, which included a meeting with Winnie Mandela. A report that the CIA was instrumental in Nelson Mandela’s arrest. Oliver Tambo and Nelson Mandela as leaders of the ANC. US Congress delegation visit to South Africa, and meeting with Foreign Minister Pik Botha, and their request to visit Nelson Mandela not permitted. The impact of economic sanctions against South Africa, with Nelson Mandela mentioned. US Secretary of State George Shultz’s visit to South Africa, and an explanation by him on US policy towards South Africa, including a demand for the release of Nelson Mandela. Anti-apartheid demonstrations in New York, with calls for the release of Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela’s visit to the US after his release from prison. Nelson Mandela reported as being inspired by the American ideal.
The amount of money raised for the ANC during Mandela’s US visit. Visits by Nelson Mandela to Oakland, Los Angeles, Miami, Atlanta, Boston and New York City. Nelson Mandela addressing the US Congress. The meeting of Nelson Mandela with President Bush at the White House, and reportedly urging President Bush to maintain economic sanctions against South Africa. Remarks by Nelson Mandela about Libyan leader Muammar Kadhafi, Palestinian Liberation Organisation Leader Yasser Arafat and Cuban leader Fidel Castro. Senator Edward Kennedy with Nelson Mandela. People commenting on what Nelson Mandela symbolises. The meeting of Nelson Mandela with Secretary of State James Baker and other national leaders.
Comments by George Bush on Nelson Mandela's release from prison. A celebration of Independence Day in the US, where President Bill Clinton awards medals to Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk. Nelson Mandela speaking about the challenge in Africa for the US. Statements by President Mandela and President Clinton during Nelson Mandela’s first official visit to the US and the welcoming ceremony at the White House. President Nelson Mandela’s address to a joint session of Congress. Mandela’s meeting with Louis Farrakhan US Vice President Al Gore’s visit to South Africa, and his meeting with Nelson Mandela. Hillary Clinton’s visit to South Africa with scenes shown from Robben Island. Bill Clinton’s visit to South Africa, and his meetings with Nelson Mandela. The White House reception held for Nelson Mandela in the latter part of his Presidency. The awarding of the Congressional Gold Medal to Nelson Mandela by Clinton. A statement by Mandela that Muammar el-Kadhafi has promised to turn over the suspects in the bombing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. Nelson Mandela commenting on the relationship between the US and Iraq, saying that no country should be allowed to take the law into their own hands. Statements by Nelson Mandela that President Bush is undermining the United Nations.

ABC

Files of United Nations Secretary-General, U Thant

Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, including:
UN Security Council resolutions on decolonisation and apartheid, many of which call for the release of all South African political prisoners, 1964 - 1965. UN Special Committee Against Apartheid recommendations to the Security Council, including calls for the release of all political prisoners, 1962 - 1969. A report to the Secretary-General by the Expert Group on South Africa, with reference to opposition to South Africa being constituted as a republic, and Nelson Mandela's role in the call for a nationwide stay-at-home strike as a means of protest. Nelson Mandela's renewal of the call for a national convention, following the call made at the All in Africa Conference of African Leaders (Pietermaritzburg, 1961), and a quote by Nelson Mandela against racism from his 1962 trial, 1961 - 1964. The text of a letter from Mary Benson to the UN Special Committee Against Apartheid enclosing a statement made by Abram Fischer, Q.C., with reference to the Defiance Campaign, Congress of the People, Treason Trial, Nelson Mandela in hiding, the formation of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the purchasing of the Lilliesleaf Farm and the Rivonia Trial, 1966.

U Thant

Jurgen Schadeberg Photographic Archive

Collection of photographs of Nelson Mandela, including: An early photograph of Mandela in his law office that he shared with Oliver Tambo. Nelson Mandela at the Defiance Campaign Trial 1952.
Photographs taken during the Treason Trial 1956 -1961. Mandela’s return visit to his cell on Robben Island (1994).
Portraits of Mandela.
Featured alongside Mandela in the photographs are Moses Kotane, James Moroka, Yusuf Dadoo and Ruth First.

Schadeberg, Jürgen

African National Congress Netherlands Mission Records

Records of the African National Congress Netherlands Mission. The collection includes:
Correspondence, invitations, programmes, reports, news clippings and speeches concerning Nelson Mandela’s visits to the Netherlands (1990 - 1994). News clippings, newsletters, memoranda and pamphlets of the Nelson Mandela International Reception Committee (1989 - 1990). The death of ANC President, Oliver Tambo, and the statement delivered by Nelson Mandela at the funeral. The full text of Mandela’s rejection of PW Botha’s offer of conditional release in 1989, and a speech delivered by Mandela to the Finance Week Breakfast Club, 1991
ANC election campaign fund-raising materials.
Memoranda from Mandela to FW De Klerk (1992).
Various news clippings on Mandela (1988 - 1990).
Mandela visit to the Netherlands

African National Congress (ANC) Netherlands Mission

Files of United Nations Secretary-General, U Thant

Files of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, U Thant, include:
Text of a statement by Achkar Marot, the representative of Guinea, to the UN, refers to Nelson Mandela's imprisonment on Robben Island. Response by the South African government to two articles published in the "UN Monthly Chronicle," which discusses the South African government's position on the Rivonia Trial, including Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock. The conclusion and recommendations of the International Seminar on Apartheid, Racial Discrimination and Colonialism in Southern Africa held in Kitwe, Zambia (1967). The conference recommended special campaigns around the incarceration of outstanding leaders such as Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Robert Sobukwe and Bram Fischer.

U Thant

Nelson Mandela Portrait Collection

Individual and group portraits of South African activist, leader and former political prisoner, Nelson Mandela, taken in 1990 during his visits to New York City and Stockholm, Sweden. The collection consists of: Close-up portraits of Nelson Mandela with New York City Mayor, David Dinkins, at Gracie Mansion and at a Harlem rally. Mandela meeting with African National Congress leader, Oliver Tambo, and the Reverend Jesse Jackson in Stockholm. Mandela sparring with South African boxing champion, Jerry Moloi, during the Treason Trial in 1957.
Photographers include Chester Higgins and Bob Gosani.

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture (Photographs and Prints Division)

South African Pressclips Collection

Collection of news clippings concerning the following:
Campaigns for Nelson Mandela’s release from prison (1980- 1989). Nelson Mandela and Robert J. Brown, Nelson Mandela being diagnosed with tuberculosis, his 70th birthday, and the Free Mandela Concert held at Wembley Stadium (1988). The Mandela family (1988- 1989). Nelson Mandela’s release from prison, and worldwide reaction to his release (1990). Speeches and statements by Nelson Mandela (1990-1991). Tours undertaken by Nelson Mandela, including visits to the USA, Canada, Europe, Africa, South America (Brazil, Spain, Cuba, Venezuela, Mexico), the Far East and Australia (1990 - 1991). Victor Verster prison, visits to Nelson Mandela at Victor Verster, and his meeting with PW Botha (1989).
Biographical profiles Nelson of Mandela.

Abe Berry Cartoon Collection

Collection of political cartoons produced by Abe Berry, former cartoonist for the Star Newspaper. Most of the cartoons were produced for the Star Newspaper and some for City Press. The cartoons cover Nelson Mandela in relation to subjects such as:
The South African 'Bantustan' system. Speculation about his release from prison. The Organisation of African Unity and the International Anti-Apartheid Movement. Free Mandela campaigns. The unbanning of the African National Congress and the South African Communist Party. Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Awards and honours conferred on Nelson Mandela including the naming of streets, schools and other public spaces in his honour.
The South African negotiation process.

Berry, Abe

Brian Bunting Collection

Correspondence, pamphlets, newsletters, publications and press statements concerning the following:
The Rivonia Trial, including a summarized version of Nelson Mandela’s defence statement at the trial and the script of a radio broadcast on the Rivonia Trial (36 min.) (1964 - 1975). The World Campaign for the Release of South African Political Prisoners, and a summary of support for the campaign (1964). The persecution of Winnie Mandela (1971). Political prisoners in South Africa (1975). The Treason Trial, including schedules C and D of the indictment, a list of the accused and their association with certain speeches, gatherings and publications (1956 - 1961). Biographical profiles of Nelson Mandela, Govan Mbeki, Andrew Mlangeni, Raymond Mhlaba, Dennis Goldberg, Walter Sisulu, Lionel Bernstein, Elias Motsoaledi and Ahmed Kathrada. Appeals for the release of Nelson Mandela including an appeal to the people of South Africa smuggled out from Robben Island, with an introduction from Oliver Tambo (1980). A copy of the international declaration for the release of Nelson Mandela, initiated by Archbishop Trevor Huddleston, as well as a list of signatories to the declaration (1981). The Sunday Post campaign for Nelson Mandela’s release(1980 - 1981). United Nations notes on the Release Mandela Campaign, a statement by Chief Albert Luthuli on the sentencing of the Rivonia Trialists (1964), extracts from an address by H.E. Mr. B Akporode Clark to non-governmental organisations at UN headquarters (1980), biographical profiles on Nelson Mandela, and the Free South African Political Prisoners Campaign (1980). A survey of events and actions in honour of and for the release of Nelson Mandela, prepared by the British Anti-Apartheid Movement, October 1984. Observances of Nelson Mandela’s 60th birthday (1978).
The collection also consists of bound volumes of Spark, Guardian and New Age newspapers, for which Brian Bunting served as editor. They include newspaper reports on Nelson Mandela’s 1962 Africa trip showing photographs of Nelson Mandela together with Oliver Tambo in Algeria, Nelson Mandela’s tour of Algerian army camps and headquarters together with Robert Resha, Nelson Mandela meeting with Tunisian government representatives, and Nelson Mandela together with Colonel Tadenesse Biru in Ethiopia.

Bunting, Brian Percy

Nelson Mandela

Letter written by Nelson Mandela while in Victor Verster prison, to Moses [Mayekiso] congratulating him on his acquittal on a charge of high treason, 28 June 1989.

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

Radio Zulu

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on Radio Zulu. Includes reports and interviews on the following:
Nelson Mandela's reiteration of the African National Congress (ANC) commitment to a peaceful settlement in South Africa. The ANC's suspension of the armed struggle. Tributes by Nelson Mandela to assassinated ANC leader, Chris Hani, and to his long-time comrade, Oliver Tambo. Debates between Mandela and FW De Klerk. The record of understanding between the ANC and the South African government in the early 1990s. Nelson Mandela's condemnation of attacks on journalists. The meeting between Mangosuthu Buthelezi and Nelson Mandela, and Nelson Mandela's visit to the Natal Midlands. The results of South Africa's first democratic election. Nelson Mandela's inauguration speech and the opening of parliament for the first time by Mandela. Sporting events held in honour of Nelson Mandela and reports of the 1996 rugby world cup.
Nelson Mandela birthday celebrations.
Language: isiZulu

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Reminiscences of Helen Suzman: Oral History, 1984

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on Radio South Africa, on programmes such as Monitor, Radio Today, Woman's World and News Wrap. Includes reports on:
The perspectives of the Reagan administration on the anticipated release of Nelson Mandela. The outgoing president of the African National Congress (ANC) Youth League, Peter Mokaba. FW De Klerk's announcement of a date for the release of Nelson Mandela. Mandela's release from prison and his speech on the Grand Parade in Cape Town on the day of his release, as well as other mass gatherings held to welcome Nelson Mandela. Reactions of political leaders in parliament to the release of Mandela. Deadlines set for the release of all political prisoners. Reports on the first ANC conference after its unbanning, held in Durban in December 1990. Political violence in South African townships. Nelson Mandela calling for an end to rent and services boycotts in black townships. The ANC's view on the National Peace Accord. The approval of an interim constitution for South Africa. Tributes by Nelson Mandela to friends and comrades. ANC Economic policy.
The South African police, and it's submissions to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Mandela's attendance at international conferences. The results of the first democratic election. Mandela's election and inauguration as President of South Africa. Visits by international Heads of State, and Mandela addressing the US congress and the United Nations General Assembly. Mandela's farewell to formal South African politics. Thabo Mbeki's presidential inauguration speech.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Radio 2000

Programme segments broadcast on Radio 2000. Includes reports on:
Interviews with Nelson Mandela about the political situation in South Africa. Nelson Mandela at the funerals of Chris Hani, Joe Slovo and Oliver Tambo. The awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk. The complete recordings of CODESA proceedings. Election debates between Nelson Mandela and De Klerk. The inauguration of Mandela as the first democratically elected President of South Africa. Speech by Nelson Mandela on the 84th anniversary of the African National Congress (ANC). Sporting news such as the South African 2010 World Cup Soccer bid presentation, with a live feed from Switzerland.

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Phala-Phala FM

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on programmes such as Ndevhetsini and Vhulombe. Includes reports on:
Nelson Mandela's speech at the Rivonia Trial in 1964, and his sentence to life imprisonment on Robben Island; Nelson Mandela's release from prison; Nelson Mandela's biographical history. Debate between Mandela and FW De Klerk in 1990. Tributes at the funerals of Chris Hani and Oliver Tambo. South Africa's political negotiations at CODESA 1 and 2. Nelson Mandela's acceptance of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. African National Congress (ANC) election victory in 1994. Nelson Mandela's presidential speeches at the Union Buildings in 1994 and at the second session of the first democratic parliament in South Africa. Progress review of the first 100 days in government of the ANC; The opening of South Africa's parliament by Nelson Mandela in 1995; South Africa's Government of National Unity. Adoption of the new South African constitution. Nelson Mandela's visit to the United Kingdom (UK) in 1996, and his address to the UK parliament. The visits of international Heads of State to South Africa, including Francois Mitterrand and King Karl Gustav XXI. Visits by Nelson Mandela to Mali, Togo, South-East Asia and the United States. The election of Nelson Mandela as the chairperson of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in 1996. The opening of Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP) houses in Soweto. The release of the final Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) report in 1996. Reports on the infighting within the ANC on Nelson Mandela's successor to lead the organisation. Nelson Mandela's resignation as ANC president in 1997. The farewell function for Nelson Mandela as President, and Thabo Mbeki's inauguration as President of South Africa in 1999.
Nelson Mandela opening the Nelson Mandela National Museum in Umtata. Visits by Nelson Mandela to South African schools. The South African general elections of 2004. Nelson Mandela's speech at the closing of the international AIDS conference in Durban in 2000, and addressing the international AIDS conference in Bangkok in 2004.
Languages: Venda and English

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Umhlobo Wenene

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on programmes such as Apha Naphaya. Includes reports and interviews concerning:
The final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. The 12th Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) summit held in Durban, South Africa, and the election of Nelson Mandela as the President of NAM. Nelson Mandela's final State of the Nation address to the South African parliament. The opening of the Nelson Mandela National Museum in Mthatha. The awarding of the World Methodist Peace Award to Mandela. Mandela's views on George W. Bush's undermining of the United Nations. Nelson Mandela's 85th birthday celebrations and his retirement from public life. A tribute by Nelson Mandela to Walter Sisulu. The World Aids conference in Durban in 2000 and Cape Town in 2004. The announcement of South Africa, as the winning country for the 2010 world cup soccer bid.
Languages: isiXhosa and English

South African Broadcasting Corporation [DO NOT USE]

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
The possibility of Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Calls for Mandela's release from prison, including calls made by the US Secretary of State George Shultz, the US National Security Advisor Robert McFarlane, and white South African business leaders. PW Botha’s insistence on conditions for Mandela's release. Commentary by Allan Boesak on the "political necessity" of Nelson Mandela's release. Nelson Mandela’s refusal of the offer of conditional release, and his response read on his behalf by his daughter, Zindzi, to a mass gathering in Soweto. The possibility of Nelson Mandela being freed for exile in Zambia. Possible conditions of Nelson Mandela’s release, said to include a prisoner exchange with Angola for South African commando Wynand Du Toit, and freedom for Russian prisoners Andrei Sakharov and Anatoly Shcharansky. The release of Govan Mbeki, Zephania Mothopeng and Harry Gwala and possible implications for Nelson Mandela’s release. The release of Walter Sisulu and six other anti-apartheid leaders, and the implications of this for Nelson Mandela’s release.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on news channels such as CNN, NBC, ABC, CBS and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on South Africa's transition to democracy:
Talks between Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk about the terms for a democratic election in South Africa, both prior to and after Mandela’s release from prison. De Klerk’s offer to negotiate with the African National Congress (ANC) if it would renounce violence. The statement by Nelson Mandela in 1989, urging the government to negotiate with the ANC Reactions inside South Africa to the 1989 meeting between Nelson Mandela and PW Botha, with commentary from Helen Suzman, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Ismail Ayob and Reverend Frank Chikane. Talks about power sharing between the ANC and the apartheid government. The ANC's suspension of armed struggle, following talks with the South African government. Nelson Mandela being urged by De Klerk to drop the South African Communist Party (SACP) leader Joe Slovo, from the ANC negotiating team. A statement from De Klerk that he will reject ANC demands for outright majority rule. The possibility of peace talks between Nelson Mandela and Mangosuthu Buthelezi, and Buthelezi’s reactions to agreements made between Nelson Mandela and De Klerk. Strains in the relationship between the ANC and the South African government because of continuing political violence. Scenes of political violence such as the Boipatong Massacre (1992) and conflict between Inkatha and the ANC. The ANC’s announcement to withdraw from negotiations, and the resumption of talks. The broader political situation in South Africa.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
The Anti-Apartheid struggle being waged by the African National Congress (ANC), and Nelson Mandela's role. The history of the ANC and Nelson Mandela’s early leadership role. Nelson Mandela’s role in the development of the Freedom Charter.
Scenes of Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo attending the first ANC national conference held in South Africa after the ANC unbanning. A statement by Mangosuthu Buthelezi about Nelson Mandela’s position on the use of violence as a political means. Anti-apartheid speeches made by Nelson Mandela in the immediate aftermath of his release from prison. Commentary by Nelson Mandela on malpractices of the ANC in prison camps in exile. The election of Nelson Mandela as the ANC Deputy President. Nelson Mandela travelling to Zambia to meet with the ANC leadership there, soon after his release from prison. Nelson Mandela meeting Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) leader, Yasser Arafat, and Zambian President, Kenneth Kaunda. Interviews by Ted Koppel with Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela’s call for the continuation of economic sanctions against South Africa, at the ANC national conference, 1991. Nelson Mandela's election to the presidency of the ANC. Nelson Mandela leading marches in Soweto and Pretoria, as part of an ANC mass action campaign. Nelson Mandela attending the funerals of five assassinated ANC activists. The election of Nelson Mandela’s successor to the ANC presidency. The ANC's suspension of armed struggle.

ABC

Vanderbilt University Archive

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on channels such as ABC, CBC, CNN, NBC and Nightline. Includes footage and reports on the following:
Nelson Mandela's relations with African countries. International condemnation of South African apartheid government raids against Zambia, Zimbabwe and Botswana. Nelson Mandela’s attendance of independence celebrations in Namibia. The execution of nine Nigerian political activists, including Ken Saro-Wiwa, condemned by Nelson Mandela and other world leaders. A meeting of African leaders, including Nelson Mandela, in Kenya to discuss the Rwandan Refugee Crisis.
The role of South Africa and the United States in peace talks in Zaire. Scenes of Nelson Mandela with Zairean rebel leader, Laurent Kabila.
An invitation from President Mandela for the Zairean President, Mobutu Sese Seko to meet with rebel leader, Laurent Kabila. Kabila’s decision to withdraw from peace talks. Comments by Nelson Mandela on the talks and scenes from the meeting. A request by Nelson Mandela for US military support for peacekeeping in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). A visit by Nelson Mandela to Libya, showing scenes of him with Libyan leader, Muammar Gadhaffi. Nelson Mandela’s role as mediator in the Burundi crisis, and visits to the United Nations to discuss the crisis. Scenes of Nelson Mandela as facilitator in peace meetings relating to the Burundi crisis. An appeal by Nelson Mandela for the release of four journalists who were arrested in Liberia.

ABC

National Public Broadcasting Archives

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on National Public Radio. Includes reports on:
Speculation on the possible release of Nelson Mandela from prison. Nelson Mandela’s views on the South African apartheid government. PW Botha’s offer to Nelson Mandela of conditional release, and Nelson Mandela’s rejection of the offer, communicated to the outside world by his daughter, Zindzi, at a mass gathering in Soweto. The firebombing of the Nelson Mandela home in Soweto. Meeting between Steven Solarz and PW Botha. The arrest of United Democratic Front (UDF) leader, Allan Boesak, ahead of a planned march to Pollsmoor Prison calling for the release of Nelson Mandela. Reports on the Pollsmoor March. Profiles of Nelson Mandela and the Mandela family. Profiles of the African National Congress (ANC), in which Mandela is mentioned. Scrapping of the pass laws in South Africa. Release Mandela Campaign, in which Aubrey Mokena, one of the campaign’s key organizers, is mentioned. Nelson Mandela’s calls for South African government negotiations with the ANC. UK Foreign Minister, Geoffrey Howe’s visit to South Africa and meeting with PW Botha. Zenani Mandela’s visit to the United States for a birthday commemoration in honour of Martin Luther King Jr. Twenty- fifth anniversary of Mandela’s imprisonment. Reports of a 1960 speech by Nelson Mandela on the reasons for the armed struggle. Free Mandela concert held at Wembley Stadium, London, in commemoration of his 70th birthday, and other commemorative events. Nelson Mandela’s hospitalisation because of tuberculosis. Reports on meetings between Nelson Mandela and PW Botha, and of his ‘secret’ negotiations with the South African government.
Freeing of Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada and other long-serving political prisoners. Reports on the imminent closure of Kapitan, one of Nelson Mandela’s favourite restaurants since the 1950s. Legalisation of the ANC, and announcement of other reforms by FW De Klerk.

National Public Radio

National Public Broadcasting Archives

Programmes and programme segments broadcast on National Public Radio. Includes reports on the following:
Nelson Mandela’s release from prison, and his first public speech to a mass gathering on the Grand Parade in Cape Town. Comments by Nelson Mandela and Harold Wolpe on the importance of continued economic sanctions against South Africa. Comments by Randall Robinson of Transafrica who believes that Nelson Mandela’s release should not be seen as the ultimate solution to all of South Africa’s problems. The reaction of the African National Congress (ANC) to Nelson Mandela’s release, and reports on the future of South Africa in light of Nelson Mandela’s release from prison. Report on race relations in South Africa since 1962, in which Nelson Mandela is mentioned. Nelson Mandela’s role in political negotiations and in shaping the new South African government, including reports on various meetings with FW De Klerk. Nelson Mandela’s role in seeking a solution to political violence in South Africa, particularly in the KwaZulu-Natal region. Profiles of Nelson Mandela, including reports about his birthplace in the Transkei. The London rock concert held in honour of Nelson Mandela after his release from prison. Report that the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was instrumental in the arrest of Nelson Mandela in 1962.
Nelson Mandela’s tour of the United States after his release from prison. Speeches delivered at the United Nations. Nelson Mandela’s meetings with Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) leader, Yasser Arafat, and Libyan leader, Muammar Gadhafi. ANC’s use of armed struggle as a bargaining chip in negotiations. Meetings between President Bush and Nelson Mandela, and Nelson Mandela addresses the US Congress. Nelson Mandela’s views on the Irish Republican Army (IRA). Meetings between President Margaret Thatcher and Nelson Mandela. Political violence in South African townships during the South African transition process. The suspension of armed struggle by the ANC. The first ANC conference held inside South Africa’s borders in thirty years. Nelson Mandela’s election as president of the ANC. The marital separation of Nelson and Winnie Mandela. Re-writing of South Africa’s constitution. The ANC’s suspension of talks with the South African government because of the Boipatong massacre. Comments by Nelson Mandela on the Bisho Massacre. The resumption of talks between the ANC and the South African government on South Africa’s political future. Reaction to the news of Chris Hani’s assassination. The awarding of the Liberty Medal to Nelson Mandela and De Klerk by President Bill Clinton. Nelson Mandela calling for the lifting of sanctions. The awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk. The ANC’s campaign for South Africa’s first democratic elections. Reports of voting in the historic 1994 elections. A chronology of South African history with Mandela mentioned. The election victory of the ANC and Nelson Mandela’s victory speech. Inauguration ceremony in which Nelson Mandela was sworn in as the first democratically elected President of South Africa. Nelson Mandela’s first State of the Nation address, and his first 100 days as President Nelson Mandela’s visit to the US as President of South Africa, encouraging investment. Reports on Nelson Mandela's biography, ‘Long Walk to Freedom.' The death of Joe Slovo and memorial tributes by Nelson Mandela.

National Public Radio

Amina Cachalia- Interview

Video recorded interview with Amina Cachalia, in which she discusses her political life and work in South Africa. Subjects covered in the interview include:
Mrs. Cachalia's early political involvement. The founding of the Federation of South African Women, the women involved and its activities. The historic women's anti-pass march to the Union Buildings in Pretoria, 1956. The Federation of Transvaal Women and its leaders. The work of Albertina Sisulu. The work of the South African Indian Congress. Mrs. Cachalia's involvement in the 1952 Defiance Campaign, her imprisonment and subsequent banning.
Friendship with Nelson Mandela, and the visit of Amina and Yusuf Cachalia to Nelson Mandela, 1988

Taitt-Mugubane, A. Leonora

Comite' Zuid-Afrika

Correspondence, memoranda, campaign materials and lists. The collection includes:
Correspondence between the Comite Zuid-Afrika and the African National Congress (ANC) London office concerning the Rivonia Trial and pressure being placed on the Dutch government to condemn the trial. Campaigns for the release of the Rivonia Trialists, and about 5000 political prisoners in South Africa. Open letter by the Anti-apartheid Movement, soliciting support from abroad for those under house arrest in South Africa, and encouraging that letters of support is sent to Nelson Mandela and Robert Sobukwe at Pretoria Central Prison (1962).
The collection also includes:
References to the Freedom Charter and the Congress of the People. List of South Africans under house arrest, together with the conditions of their five-year banning orders. They include Helen Joseph, Ahmed Kathrada, Walter Sisulu, Jack and Rica Hodgson, Jack Tarshish, Brian and Sonia Bunting, Roley Arenstein, Michael Harmel, Moses Kotane, Lionel Bernstein, Alfred Nzo, Thomas Nkobi, MacDonald Maseko, Duma Nokwe, Cecil Williams and Alex La Guma. Correspondence from Karel Roskam to Christian Action concerning the raising of funds in the Netherlands for the Defence and Aid Fund set up by Canon Collins (1959 - 1960).

Comite Zuid-Afrika

Centre for Adult and Continuing Education (CACE) Collection

Pamphlets, newsletters and memoranda of the Release Mandela Campaign (RMC) and the Nelson Mandela Reception Committee concerning:
Launch of the Release Mandela Campaign. Reports from the Release Mandela Campaign. Organising of the 1985 mass march to Pollsmoor Prison. Welcoming home of Govan Mbeki after his release from prison.

Centre for Adult and Continuing Education

Zwelakhe Simon Xamlashe

Collection of film and video recordings consisting of distribution prints and master materials (negatives, rushes, sound tracks and trims). The subjects covered include:
Nelson Mandela's early views on the objectives of the ANC and the liberation struggle. The reception given to Mandela's rejection of the regime's offer of conditional release, read by his daughter Zindzi to a vast gathering in Soweto on 10 February 1985. Commentary from activists and family members, including Winnie Mandela. Prison conditions on Robben Island including Mandela's cell, the daily routine of hard labour, diet in prison, isolation and Mandela's transfer to Pollsmoor Prison in 1985. The impact of international campaigns for the release of Mandela, including footage of the Free Mandela Campaign Concert held at Wembley Stadium in celebration of his 70th birthday.
The collection also includes interviews with Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela, Andrew Masondo, Jacob Zuma, Indres Naidoo, Philip Mathews, Mary Benson, Barbara Harmel and Barry Feinberg.
It consists of both completed productions and raw footage.

International Defence and Aid Fund (IDAF)

Ahmed Kathrada

Collection of prison artefacts, correspondence, documents and study materials from Ahmed Kathrada's imprisonment (1964- 1989), as well as records from his release reflecting a number of the positions he held in public office and his various interests (1989-2002). Few items from the period prior to his imprisonment. Records related to Nelson Mandela from the prison years include letters to prison officials or Government signed by a number of prisoners protesting on bad condition. Requests to prison officials to spend time with Mandela once transferred from Pollsmoor. Lists of purchases requested by prisoners, signed copy of the Rivonia trial record. References to Nelson Mandela in letters to friends and family, document re Marxism and the ANC introduction by Nelson Mandela in letters to friends and family; documents re Marxism.
Records related to Nelson Mandela after their release includes the ANC (especially from conferences, NEC and NWC meetings from 1990's) records on honours and awards received by Mandela including the Nobel peace prize in 1993); records from Kathrada's role as Parliamentary counsellor in the office of the President (especially Mandela' state visit to India in1995) invitations for various events to Mandela or those held for him; newspaper clippings and publications on Mandela

Kathrada, Ahmed Mohamed (Kathy)

Nelson Mandela

Handwritten document from prison by Nelson Mandela for the foreword of a book on the speeches of Oliver Tambo.

Turok, Ben

African National Congress New York Mission

Records of the African National Congress (ANC) New York Mission.
The collection includes
Correspondence to and from Nelson Mandela. Portraits of ANC leaders, including Mandela. Biographical material. Schedules and itineraries concerning Mandela’s visit to New York. Tributes to Mandela. Speeches delivered by Mandela, including his speech at the funeral of Oliver Tambo.
Nelson Mandela speeches
Photographs
The size of the whole collection is 44 boxes and approximately 9 folders have material on Nelson Mandela.

African National Congress (ANC)

Oliver Tambo Papers

The personal papers of Oliver Tambo. The collection includes:
News clippings from South African and international newspapers concerning the arrest of Nelson Mandela in 1962, his court appearances, and calls for his release from prison (1962 -1988). Correspondence concerning the PAFMECSA conference held in Ethiopia addressed to all member governments, a letter from the ANC London office concerning the arrests of Mandela and Walter Sisulu, and a cable from the Somali Minister of Foreign Affairs to Tambo re: Mandela’s arrest (1962). News clippings in the build up to and aftermath of Mandela’s release from prison (1990 - 1991). News clippings, programmes and itineraries concerning Mandela’s visits to the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, India, Japan, Malaysia, Australia, Geneva, Botswana and other countries (1990 - 1991).
Reports on campaigns for the release of political prisoners, including reports from Robben Island, and on Lord Nicholas Bethel's meeting with Mandela. Also includes a 1970 report by Mandela about prison conditions on Robben Island (1970 - 1989). Correspondence from Mandela, written from Pollsmoor Prison, to Oliver Tambo and a number of other individuals. Original letters to Tambo, as well as transcripts of letters written to Nthato Motlana, Mangosuthu Buthelezi, Sheila Weinberg and Desmond Tutu, amongst others. Also included is a letter of thanks to Mrs. Bhalla of the Indian Council for the 1979 Jawaharlal Nehru Award and a letter of sympathy on the death of Seretse Khama (1978 - 1989). Media reports concerning Mandela, including cables. Includes reports by Radio RSA, internal media monitoring, an African National Congress (ANC) statement on Mandela’s health, and of a visit to Mandela by Robert Brown (1985 - 1990). Correspondence, reports and messages concerning international support for Mandela’s release from prison. Subjects covered include tributes on his 60th and 70th birthdays, and awards and honours conferred on Mandela, particularly through the work of the British Anti-Apartheid Movement (1984).
Statements and correspondence concerning the assassination of Chris Hani (1993). Video recordings of various events before and after Mandela’s release from prison. These include the 1990 Free Mandela Concert at Wembley Stadium and Mandela’s 1990 visit to Lusaka (1988 - 1990).
Correspondence, lists and statements by Oliver Tambo concerning awards and honours conferred on Mandela. These include honorary degrees, Freedom of the City awards, artistic attributes and facilities named after Mandela. The correspondence is primarily between Oliver Tambo and heads of / representatives of awarding countries and institutions. The awards include the Simon Bolivar Prize, the naming of a road in Mandela’s honour in Botswana, and awards conferred by the Sandinista National Liberation Front of Nicaragua, the Jamaican Human Rights Organisation, the University of Carabobo of Venezuela, and the Karl Marx University of the German Democratic Republic (1983 - 1990). Correspondence and statements concerning international calls for, and, Mandela’s release from prison. These include correspondence about a resolution passed by the African Symposium on African Orality in Nigeria, and a statement by the president of the Republic of Senegal after Mandela’s release. Other correspondents include Senator Michael J Williams of Trinidad and Tobago, OJ Masire of the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO), and the Communist Party of Sweden (1989 - 1990). Correspondence from Tambo to Mandela and to the Mandela family (1991 - 1992).

Speeches delivered in Mandela’s honour.
Drafts of plays and books written about Nelson Mandela, the drafts include No Easy Walk to Freedom, Nelson Mandela and the Rivonia Trial and What is to be done’.
Published and unpublished statements and speeches of Mandela, 1962 - 1991.
Correspondence and memoranda relating to the Nelson Mandela National Reception Committee (1989 - 1990).
Biographical

Tambo, Oliver Reginald

Ruth First Papers

The personal papers of Ruth First
The collection is made up of background material, correspondence and reviews concerning "No Easy Walk to Freedom" edited by Ruth First. Printed copies of Nelson Mandela’s speech at the Rivonia Trial. Drafts of sections of the book, and a typescript of Mary Benson’s statement before the UN Special Committee on Apartheid in 1964, with handwritten alterations. Correspondence, mainly between Ruth First and Heinemann Publishers, as well as clippings of newspaper reviews.
Material on political detention between 1963 and 1970, including a copy of the 1963 Detention Act, a radio script by Mary Benson entitled "Nelson Mandela and the Rivonia Trial," and notes produced by Ruth First. Press releases and conference papers concerning the Symposium on the exploitation of Blacks in South Africa and Namibia, organized by the United Nations in 1978, with observances of the 60th birthday of Nelson Mandela.
Transcripts of interviews with Robben Island political prisoners. Correspondence from friends and acquaintances, and materials from South African newspapers concerning the Rivonia Trial.

First, Ruth