- 1976 - (Creation)
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early in the morning daily, she for the purpose of preparing breakfast and I to catch the bus, or to start from the office with my secretary Ruth Matseoane, and thereafter travel to Pretoria together with Helen Joseph. The wife of a freedom fighter hardly ever enjoys a full and decent family life and often lives as a grass widow during her husband's lifetime. In this regard Zami has had her own harvest of hardships and disappointment.
The collaps of the April demonstrations turned out to be the proverbial calm before the storm and towards the end of the year the pendulumn swung upwards once more as the thunder claps began to shatter the ominous serenity of the weather that immediately followed the April fiasco. This time the initiative was taken by women under the leadership of the ANC Women's League. In other areas the demonstrations were spontaneous or the result of local initiative, but even in such cases the League immediately intervened and used its resources and wealth of experience to mobilize support and to help the women to fight better.
We heard the rumblings of the great storm as far back as 1955 when about 200 African women were arrested and charged in Winberg for holding demonstrations against passes. At the time I was restricted to Johannesburg and our firm sent our professional assistant Douglas Lukele, now Deputy Solicitor General for Swaziland, to defend the women.
This backward country dorp was, it still is, a stronghold of the Nats and it was probably the first time in its history for an African attorney to appear in its courts. Perhaps Douglas Lukele would