North America

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North America

178 Archival description results for North America

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Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) has produced numerous programmes about apartheid and the activities of Canadians against apartheid. Its first anti-apartheid programme dates back to 1961, and covers the Sharpeville massacre of 1960.

ANC legalised Mandela to be released

South African president F.W. de Klerk shocked the world with the announcement that the government will lift the ban on the African National Congress (ANC) and free imprisoned ANC leader Nelson Mandela. Apartheid system remains for now, but South Africans are jubilant with this dramatic break from the past and the promise a new South Africa.

Nelson Mandela released

For 27 years, six months and six days Nelson Mandela was a prisoner and a symbol of Apartheid's oppression. Today, he is a free man and the world is celebrating. From Soweto's giant party, to exiles, to the prime minister's office on Parliament Hill, CBC reporters capture the global festivities.

Nelson Mandela addresses Canadian Parliament

After 27 years in prison, the world's most famous political prisoner is free. Nelson Mandela, vice President of the African National Congress, is released from prison on February 11, 1990 and plunges into an international campaign to end apartheid in his native South Africa. Four months later, Mandela travels to Canada and delivers a speech at a joint session of Parliament.

The end of Apartheid

South Africa's era as an international pariah is over. Tonight, Canada and other nations lift most of the remaining sanctions against South Africa, and welcome it back into the international community. They do so at the behest of Nelson Mandela and President F.W. de Klerk, who ask world leaders to recognize the progress South Africa has made on its journey towards multiracial democracy. Fundraising in order to pave the way for free and democratic South Africa and to avoid "another Somalia, another Bosnia."

In South Africa with Nelson Mandela

Interview with Nelson Mandela released after spending 27 years in prison. Barbara Frum interviews Nelson Mandela. Frum is moved by Nelson Mandela' dignity and stature

South African Sanctions Lifted

It's a turning point in South Africa's turbulent history. In light of that nation's progress towards ending apartheid, African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela has asked the world to lift economic sanctions against his country.

CBC Digital Archives

Mandela and seven colleagues imprisoned

Nelson Mandela and seven colleagues face life imprisonment in South Africa." That's the fate of eight African National Congress leaders, tried for 221 acts of sabotage designed to violently overthrow South Africa's apartheid government. The trial lasted eight months and attracted worldwide attention. In this 1964 radio report from CBC National News, reporter Patrick Keatley is in London to explain why the defendants likely avoided a death sentence.

Nelson Mandela and seven colleagues face life imprisonment in South Africa." The eight African National Congress leaders, tried for 221 acts of sabotage designed to violently overthrow South Africa's apartheid government. The trial lasted eight months and attracted worldwide attention. In this 1964 radio report from CBC National News, reporter Patrick Keatley is in London to explain why the defendants likely avoided a death sentence. "The sentence of life imprisonment is a deft stroke by the nationalist government," he concludes. "Certainly it thrusts aside some of the tremendous world horror and political pressure which otherwise would have immediately built up against South Africa."
Mandela and seven colleagues imprisoned
The Rivonia trial was named after the suburb of Johannesburg where 19 African National Congress leaders were arrested at Liliesleaf Farm on July 11, 1963. Mandela was already in custody, having been sentenced to five years in prison in October 1962 for inciting a workers' strike a year earlier.
• At Liliesleaf, the South African government discovered documents belonging to the group Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), a military wing of the ANC. They described plans for attack and guerrilla warfare.
• Several ANC leaders used Liliesleaf as a hideout, and Nelson Mandela himself moved there in 1961. Using the name David Motsamayi (meaning "the walker") he evaded police by masquerading as a cook and gardener. The farm was owned by co-defendant Arthur Golderich, a South African abstract painter and a key figure in the anti-apartheid movement.
• In addition to Mandela, the other ANC leaders charged were Walter Sisulu, Govan Mbeki, Raymond Mhlaba, Andrew Mlangeni, Elias Motsoaledi, Ahmed Kathrada, Billy Nair, Denis Goldberg, Lionel "Rusty" Bernstein, Bob Hepple, Harold Wolpe, James "Jimmy" Kantor and Golderich.
• This CBC Radio clip notes that six of the defendants were black, but this appears to be incorrect. Goldberg, Bernstein, Hepple and Golderich were white Jews, while Nair and Kathrada were Indian. This leaves five men - Mandela, Sisulu, Mbeki, Motsoaledi and Mhlaba - who were black
• Those found guilty on all four counts were Mandela, Sisulu, Mbeki, Motsoaledi, Mlangeni, Goldberg and Mhlaba. Kathrada was found guilty on one count of conspiracy. Bernstein was acquitted but was rearrested, released on bail and placed under house arrest. He later fled the country.
• Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd (mentioned in this clip as Dr. Verwoerd) was prime minister of South Africa from 1958 until his assassination in 1966. He is called the "Architect of Apartheid" because he broadened existing policies that restricted the black Bantu African nationals' mobility while he was minister of native affairs in the early 1950s. In September 1966, he was stabbed four times in the chest by a uniformed parliamentary messenger names Dmitri Tsafendas. The motive for the murder was unclear.

CBC National News

Nelson Mandela: Prisoner, president, peacemaker

Nelson Rholihlahla Mandela's life began in a tiny village in South Africa, which he describes as "removed from the world of great events." It was the start of a life that would not only take part in great events, but help shape them. His extraordinary life has led him from being branded a terrorist in his own country and a 27-year imprisonment to taking office as South Africa's first democratically elected president and becoming an international symbol of peace and social justice.

CBC Digital Archives

Canada and the Fight Against Apartheid

  • CA CBC-DA MR-RT-145
  • Collection
  • 1960 - 1999
  • Part of Rivonia Trial

Series of radio and television reports on South Africa broadcast from the 1960s through the first democratic elections in 1994. Items related to the Rivonia Trial are:
-Escaped lawyer describes apartheid's brutal laws (from CBC Radio, Nov. 17, 1964): Harold Wolpe defended oppressed blacks until he was imprisoned. Guest: Harold Wolpe, host: Bob Wilson, narrator: Paul Wright, duration: 25:57
-Mandela and seven colleagues sentenced colleagues sentenced (from CBC Radio, National Radio News, June 12, 1964): Reporter Patrick Keatley is in London to explain why the defendants likely avoided a death sentence. Host: Alex Trebek, reporter: Patrick Keatley, duration: 2:58.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC)

Human Rights Internet

The HRI in Ottawa has been serving as an unofficial repository for the documentation of NGOs throughout the world. It makes a vast amount of material available and brings together a wide variety of reports on human rights issues, which would otherwise be very difficult to locate, obtain and consult. The collection which HRI has amassed over the years includes publications by more than 350 NGOs, and includes a number of AAMs.

Anglican Church of Canada : [Part 1]

The Anglican Church of Canada took a very active stand against apartheid. In the late 1980s, Archbishop Ted Scott served on the Commonwealth of Nations ‘Eminent Persons Group’ which advocated the implementation of sanctions against South Africa.

Free South Africa Committee

The Free South Africa Committee operated in Edmonton. It was a community-based organisation that supported the boycott of South Africa and was also involved in direct material support of the liberation movements in South Africa, Namibia and Zimbabwe. It was especially active in schools in Edmonton.

League for Socialist Action : Canada

The League for Socialist Action was the biggest Trotskyist organisation active in Canada. It was formed in 1961 when the Socialist Education League merged with the Socialist Information Centre. One of LSA's many activities included participating in solidarity campaigns with South Africa. The LSA disbanded in 1977 when it merged with the Revolutionary Marxist Group, the Quebec-based Groupe Marxiste Revolutionnaire, and the Ligue Socialiste Ouvrière to form the Revolutionary Workers League/Ligue Ouvrière Révolutionnaire.

Organisation of Solidarity with the Peoples of Africa, Asia and Latin America [Organización de Solidaridad con los Pueblos de Asia, Africa y América Latina] : [Part 3]

OSPAAAL was established following the Tricontinental Conference held in Havana, January 1966, to promote "solidarity with the Third World people's struggles, claims and most precious desires". The organisation supported struggles against colonialism and apartheid, and notably produced a large number of brightly coloured propaganda posters to promote its cause.

Task Force on the Churches and Corporate Responsibility : [Part 1]

The Task Force on Churches and Corporate Responsibility (TCCR) was established in 1975 as a coalition of Canadian Churches. It worked towards social responsibility in Canadian based corporations and financial institutions. It supported the South African Council of Churches (SACC) proposal for a code of business ethics for companies operating in South Africa. It campaigned strongly to end loans to the apartheid regime and approached shareholders to accomplish this. In 2001, TCCR became part of KAIROS Canada.

Canadian Anti- Apartheid News Bulletin

Report of January 1966 - On
The crisis in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe)
The arrest of Bram Fischer on the 11th October 1965
Campaign for the release of Bram Fischer and the other political prisoners
Report of June 1966 on:
The disgraceful conditions of human rights that exist in South Africa 25th June 1966
11th celebration of the South African Freedom Day - Outlines details of the programme
Demands the release of political prisoners Bram Fischer-
Address by Robert Resha of the ANC

Canadian Anti-Apartheid Movement

Nelson Mandela Children's Fund (Canada) fonds

Records of the Nelson Mandela Children's fund and its predecessor the Canadian Friends of the Nelson Mandela Children's fund (NMCF) The record date from 1998 to the closure of the office in 2011. The documents consists of textual record s,photographs, sound and images and electronic records documenting the work of the NMCF.

Nelson Mandela Childrens Fund (NMCF)

Michael D. Harris photograph binders

Included are photographs of Mike Harris and Nelson Mandela, President, Republic of South Africa, Isabel Bassett, Mike Harris Jr., and others during Mr. Mandela's visit to Toronto.

Office of Mike Harris

Premier Bob Rae's special advisor's policy and issues records

Initiated on the suggestion of Canada’s Secretary of State for External Affairs, the legal agreement was signed between Nelson Mandela and the fund in May of 1990 and the Fund was legally constituted the following month in April of 1990. The purpose of the Nelson Mandela Fund as set out in its deed of Trust, is to work towards the establishment, through peaceful means, of a non-racial, fully democratic South Africa by engaging Canadians. The Progressive Conservative Party, the Liberal Party and the New Democratic Parties of Canada gave unanimous consent to the establishment of the Nelson Mandela Fund during a session of Parliament on the 7th March 1990.

The file contains three copies of South Africa Documentation, from April to November of 1991. This bulletin was produced by the Nelson Mandela Fund, which had offices in both Toronto and Montreal in the 1990s. Also included is: a copy of Nelson Mandela’s Statement of the Deputy President of the ANC at the Opening of the ANC National Conference in July of 1991, Statement of ANC President Oliver Tambo to the ANC conference in Durban in July of 1991; newspaper clippings; a working document by the ANC Constitutional Committee concerning the Bill of Rights for a new South Africa; an ANC Discussion Document concerning Constitutional Principles for a Democratic South Africa (n.d.); correspondence of the Nelson Mandela Fund; Information concerning the Fund’s Community band Citizenship Education Project; copy of a typed letter from Nelson Mandela to Archbishop Edward Scott dated the 14th January 1991; records concerning the proclamation of Nelson Mandela Day in Ontario (11 February 1991); budget information; information concerning the National Education Committee; as well as fundraising information. The file also contains the agreement signed between Nelson Mandela the Nelson Mandela Fund, dated the 16 May 1990.

Premier of Ontario’s office

David Anderson fonds

The fonds comprises of original editorial cartoons by David Anderson dating 1990-1998 and published largely in the Toronto Star and through syndication in other national and international papers. The cartoonist covers primarily national issues, personalities, scandals and events. Internationally, Anderson targets racism and repression as seen in South Africa, Haiti, the Balkan States and other third world nations. Included are graphic materials of Nelson Mandela

Anderson, David

John Collins fonds

An original editorial cartoon entitled, turning up his charisma, which depicts Trudeau as a snake charmer whose notes cause a "South African issue" python to rise from a "Commonwealth" bowl.

Collins, John

Dale Cummings fonds

While working for several years as a freelance artist, Cummings was frequently published in the New York Times, The Canadian Forum, the Last Post, MacLean’s and the Toronto Star. In 1981, he was hired as the full-time editorial cartoonist for the Winnipeg Free Press. The fond is comprised of editorial cartoons, published in the Winnipeg Free Press, covering over two decades of political events. International leaders include Nelson Mandela.

Cummings, Dale

Fred Curatolo fonds

The fond comprises original editorial cartoons by Fred Curatolo, published in the Edmonton Sun, which include a graphic about Nelson Mandela and F.W. de Klerk entitled Drive Fred.

Curatolo, Fred

Andy Donato fonds

The fond comprises original editorial cartoons by Toronto Sun art director and editorial cartoonist Andy Donato. Issues and personalities operate on the national, international, provincial and local arenas. On the international stage, the cartoonist covers such topics as apartheid. The item consists of a rough pencil sketch of Nelson Mandela.

Donato, Andy

Frank Edwards fonds

In 1978, Frank Edwards became the full-time editorial cartoonist for the Kingston Whig-Standard, a position he held until 1994. The fonds consists primarily of editorial cartoons published in the Kingston Whig-Standard. International leaders include Nelson Mandela.

Edwards, Frank

Anthony Jenkins fonds

Anthony Jenkins’ editorial cartoons have been appearing in the Globe and Mail newspaper since 1974. International leaders include Nelson Mandela.

Jenkins, Anthony

Yousuf Karsh fonds

The file consists of portraits of Mr. Nelson Mandela, South African political leader.
One photograph, entitled Nelson Mandela, photographed in Ottawa, appeared in Karsh exhibition in London entitled, Faces of the 20th Century, exhibition was held at Canada House from the 13 May 1998 to the 28 August 28 1998. Statements made by Nelson Mandela and other ANC prominent people and ANC departments.

Karsh, Yousuf

Fonds Robert La Palm

The fonds contains a single image cartoon, entitled Bravo Chef, depicting Diefenbaker, as the chef of the "Commonwealth" restaurant, throwing out S. African leader Verwoerd because of his Apartheid policies as a black man looks on.

La Palm, Robert

Bruce MacKinnon fonds

The fonds comprise editorial cartoons, dating 1986-1995, published in the Halifax-Herald newspaper. International personalities include Nelson Mandela.

MacKinnon, Bruce

Daniel Murphy fonds

The fond comprises original editorial cartoons by Dan Murphy published in the Vancouver Province newspaper. National, International and provincial personalities and issues are covered, including two graphics of Nelson Mandela.

Murphy, Daniel

B. Nipper fonds

B. Nipper is the pseudonym of an editorial cartoonist who published cartoons in the London Free Press from 1988 to 1993. The fonds consist of original sketches and editorial cartoons by B. Nipper published in the London Free Press that deals with provincial and national issues, as well as international events. International personalities include Nelson Mandela.

Nipper, B.

Roy Peterson fonds

The fonds contain an original editorial cartoon depicting Botha unfastening puppet strings from Nelson Mandela.

Peterson, Roy

Cartoon Drawings

An original editorial cartoon depicting Nelson Mandela holding a black dove and a white dove.

Pickersgill, Peter

World Leaders

World leaders including George Bush Yasser Arafat, Brian Mulroney, Boris Yeltsin, Pope John Paul II, Lech Wales and Nelson Mandela.

Pijet, Andre

Andre' Pijet Fonds

Nelson Mandela airbrushed drawing and coloured inks with water colour and coloured pencils.

Pijet, Andre

Joe Clark fonds

Included in the fonds are records concerning the Nelson Mandela fund, schedules, itineraries and agendas of Nelson Mandela's visit to Canada in June of 1990.

Various

Kerry Waghorn fonds

The fonds consist of portrait caricatures of Canadian and international figures in politics, business, entertainment and literature. The file contains newspaper clippings and photomechanical transfers of caricatures, including graphics of Nelson Mandela.

Waghorn, Kerry

Inter-Church Coalition on Africa

The main focus of the Inter-Church Coalition on Africa (ICCAF) was on human rights and social justice. It coordinated the activities of the Canadian churches against apartheid. The ICCAF has been involved in anti-apartheid activities since the 1980s. In 2001 it merged with a number of other organisations to form KAIROS Canada.

International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa Canada : [Part 1]

The International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa Canada (IDAF Canada) operated from 1980-1990. It focused mainly on raising funds to support political prisoners and their families in South Africa and Namibia. US-IDAF executive director Kenneth N. Carstens was instrumental in the establishment of the Canadian IDAF.

Organisation of Solidarity with the Peoples of Africa, Asia and Latin America [Organización de Solidaridad con los Pueblos de Asia, Africa y América Latina] : [Part 5]

OSPAAAL was established following the Tricontinental Conference held in Havana, January 1966, to promote "solidarity with the Third World people's struggles, claims and most precious desires". The organisation supported struggles against colonialism and apartheid, and notably produced a large number of brightly coloured propaganda posters to promote its cause.

Organisation of Solidarity with the Peoples of Africa, Asia and Latin America [Organización de Solidaridad con los Pueblos de Asia, Africa y América Latina] : [Part 6]

OSPAAAL was established following the Tricontinental Conference held in Havana, January 1966, to promote "solidarity with the Third World people's struggles, claims and most precious desires". The organisation supported struggles against colonialism and apartheid, and notably produced a large number of brightly coloured propaganda posters to promote its cause.

Mandela/Machel: Honorary Doctorate Ceremony

Program, Ceremony on Screen tickets, Song Lyric.
CD: Tribute song, "Turn This World Around" written and performed by Raff. Theatre tickets and Access badge. Display Board (1.22 m x 2.44 m [4' x 8']: Nelson Mandela/Graca Machel. (Oversize) Videocassette: Ceremony. Brochure.
Special clippings report (selection of media coverage from Canadian newspapers)

University Advancement Office

John B. Lee fonds

The sub series contains records concerning the Honorary Doctorate of Laws awarded to Nelson Mandela on the 17 November 2001. Included are the following items:
Series 1 contains correspondence with Salvatore Ala, Laurie Allan, Margaret Alison, Roger Bell Carousel, Mayor, Municipality of Chatham-Kent, Rienzi Cruz, Denis De Klerk, James Deahl, Marty Gervais, Richard M. (Tai) Grove, Michael Henderson, James Lipton [outgoing], Les Murray, Nelson Mandela Foundation, Penumbra Press, Public Lending Right Commission, Erin Smith, Richard Stevenson, Desmond Tutu, and George Whipple.

Lee, John B.

Nelson Mandela Freedom Archives

Collection of audio visual material from the Freedom archives. The Archives features speeches of movement leaders and community activists, protests and demonstrations, cultural currents of rebellion and resistance in America and other parts of the world
1. Nelson Mandela in Oakland- June 30 1990
2. Release from Victor Verster- February 11 1991.
3. Winnie Mandela interview - no date
4. Mandela in America- January 1 1998

Ted Scott fonds

Notes and meetings from the Canadian Archbishop Ted Scott with Nelson Mandela. The file also has notes of a meeting in Pollmoor prison, newspaper cuttings of Nelson Mandela's visit to Canada and the first annual gala of the Canadian Chapter of the Nelson Mandela Childrens Fund in 2003.

Scott, Ted

International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa Canada : [Part 3]

The International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa Canada (IDAF Canada) operated from 1980-1990. It focused mainly on raising funds to support political prisoners and their families in South Africa and Namibia. US-IDAF executive director Kenneth N. Carstens was instrumental in the establishment of the Canadian IDAF.

Organisation of Solidarity with the Peoples of Africa, Asia and Latin America [Organización de Solidaridad con los Pueblos de Asia, Africa y América Latina] : [Part 1]

OSPAAAL was established following the Tricontinental Conference held in Havana, January 1966, to promote "solidarity with the Third World people's struggles, claims and most precious desires". The organisation supported struggles against colonialism and apartheid, and notably produced a large number of brightly coloured propaganda posters to promote its cause.

Organisation of Solidarity with the Peoples of Africa, Asia and Latin America [Organización de Solidaridad con los Pueblos de Asia, Africa y América Latina] : [Part 4]

OSPAAAL was established following the Tricontinental Conference held in Havana, January 1966, to promote "solidarity with the Third World people's struggles, claims and most precious desires". The organisation supported struggles against colonialism and apartheid, and notably produced a large number of brightly coloured propaganda posters to promote its cause.

Peter Davis : Villon Films

Film producer and director Peter Davis was born and raised in England. He later emigrated to Sweden, and then North America. He became deeply involved in the anti-apartheid movement, and founded Villon Films in 1970. Davis has written, produced, and directed more than 70 documentaries.

United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid

The Special Committee against Apartheid was set up in 1962 and operated till 1994. Initially named the Special Committee on the Policies of Apartheid of the Government of the Republic of South Africa, the name was shortened in 1971 to Special Committee on Apartheid and changed again in 1974 to Special Committee against Apartheid. One of its main roles was to secure effective, mandatory sanctions against South Africa. It worked closely together with the OAU, the liberation movements and the AAMs.

Honorary Citizen of Canada

  • ZA COM 2019-2-1-2-1519
  • Item
  • 19 November 2001
  • Part of For deletion

Honorary Citizen of Canada by Prime Minister Jean Chretien

Government of Canada

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