Collection 100 - Records of the United Democratic Front (UDF)

Identity area

Reference code

ZA SAHA MR-RT-100

Title

Records of the United Democratic Front (UDF)

Date(s)

  • 1983 - 1991 (Accumulation)

Level of description

Collection

Extent and medium

75 boxes. Approximately 2 files relate to the Rivonia Trialists and their release ; Text-based documents

Context area

Name of creator

(20 August 1983 - 20 August 1991)

Administrative history

A non-racial coalition with hundreds of affiliated civic, church, students', workers' and other organisations. It launched in 1983, initially to fight the segregated Tricameral Parliament. By 1987 many activists were imprisoned or detained. Though not formally ANC-aligned, it adopted the Freedom Charter and demanded the release of political prisoners. In 1989, following restrictions on UDF and COSATU, the two began cooperating in a loose alliance called the Mass Democratic Movement. After the liberation movements were unbanned in 1990, the UDF disbanded.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Established in 1983 to coordinate opposition to the Apartheid State's reforms, the UDF promoted links between various organisations, region and parties. The UDF Collection was created by adding together material from various sources: individuals, the UDF Information Office and UDF offices from around the country. Gaps are evident. The National Reception Committee which was created to deal with the release of the Rivonia trialists operated from the UDF offices. There is a small amount of material related to this: A1.13.4 Statements and Press Releases (1988, 1989) including on the release of Rivonia leaders (1 file, 10 items) and A1.18.8 Profiles of various people including of Rivonia leaders (1 file, 8 items).

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

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Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Unrestricted

Conditions governing reproduction

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Finding aids

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Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

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Notes area

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Description control area

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Dates of creation revision deletion

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